Bastam[pronunciation?] (Persian: بسطام, also romanized as Basṭām; also known as Busṭām and Bisṭām)[2] is a city in and capital of the Bastam District of Shahrud County, Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 7,382, in 1,997 families.[3]

Bastam
بسطام
City
Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bastam is located in Iran
Bastam
Bastam
Coordinates: 36°29′07″N 54°59′59″E / 36.48528°N 54.99972°E / 36.48528; 54.99972Coordinates: 36°29′07″N 54°59′59″E / 36.48528°N 54.99972°E / 36.48528; 54.99972
Country Iran
ProvinceSemnan
CountyShahrud
BakhshBastam District
Elevation
1,450 m (4,760 ft)
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total8,609 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Area code0233252
Websitehttp://www.bastam.ir

Bastam was founded in the 6th century in the Greater Khorasan. It is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of Shahrud. The town is known for its Islamic monuments from the Ilkhanid period and its association with the mystic Bayazid Bastami.[4] The Alborz are to the north of the town.

The 19th-century poet, Abbas Foroughi Bastami, lived in Bastam for a time and thence acquired its name as his own. The early Bábí leader and martyr Mullá ʻAlíy-i-Bastámí was also raised in Bastam, and was a significant figure in the Shaykhi movement and later became the first person known to have died for their allegiance to Bábism.[5]

A tradition says that the town was founded by Vistahm, uncle of the Sasanian king Khosrau II.[6]

The historical town of Bastam embraces the holy shrine of Mohammad Ibn Jafar Sadegh (AS), Bayazid Bastami tomb, Bayazid Monastery, Bayazid Mosque, Eljaito Iwan, Ghazan Dome, Jame Mosque, Kashaneh Tower, and Shahrokhieh School, which were built in different eras from Seljuk era (1037–1194) to Qajar period (1789–1925).[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Bastam can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055749" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ Bloom, Jonathan M.; Blair, Sheila S., eds. (2009). "Bistam". The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Vol. 1. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 291.
  5. ^ Amanat, Abbas (1989). Resurrection and Renewal. Cornell University Press, New York, USA. pp. 212, 235. ISBN 0-8014-2098-9.
  6. ^ R. N. Frye, “Bisṭām” Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill 2008).
  7. ^ "German archaeologist Wolfram Kleiss, famed for intensive Iranian studies, dies at 90". www.tehrantimes.com. 22 December 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-12-23. Retrieved 22 March 2021.

External linksEdit

  • Bayazid Shrine Complex at ArchNet. [1]
  • Friday Mosque at ArchNet. [2]
  • Tomb Tower at ArchNet. [3]