Bastam[pronunciation?] (Persian: بسطام, also romanized as Basṭām; also known as Busṭām and Bisṭām)[3] is a city in, and the capital of, Bastam District of Shahrud County, Semnan province, Iran.

Persian: بسطام
Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bastam is located in Iran
Coordinates: 36°29′05″N 55°00′00″E / 36.48472°N 55.00000°E / 36.48472; 55.00000[1]
DistrictBastam District
1,450 m (4,760 ft)
 • Total8,609
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
Area code0233252

At the 2006 census, its population was 7,382 in 1,997 households.[4] The following census in 2011 counted 8,609 people in 2,713 households.[5] The latest census in 2016 showed a population of 8,609 people in 2,713 households.[2]

History Edit

Bastam was founded in the 6th century in the Greater Khorasan. It is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of Shahrud. The town is known for its Islamic monuments from the Ilkhanid period and its association with the mystic Bayazid Bastami.[6] The Alborz are to the north of the town.

The 19th-century poet, Abbas Foroughi Bastami, lived in Bastam for a time and thence acquired its name as his own. The early Bábí leader and martyr Mullá ʻAlíy-i-Bastámí was also raised in Bastam, and was a significant figure in the Shaykhi movement and later became the first person known to have died for their allegiance to Bábism.[7]

A tradition says that the town was founded by Vistahm, uncle of the Sasanian king Khosrau II.[8]

The historical town of Bastam embraces the holy shrine of Mohammad Ibn Jafar Sadegh (AS), Bayazid Bastami tomb, Bayazid Monastery, Bayazid Mosque, Eljaito Iwan, Ghazan Dome, Jame Mosque, Kashaneh Tower, and Shahrokhieh School, which were built in different eras from Seljuk era (1037–1194) to Qajar period (1789–1925).[9]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ OpenStreetMap contributors (26 April 2023). "Bastam, Shahrud County" (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 20. Archived from the original (Excel) on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  3. ^ Bastam can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055749" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 20. Archived from the original (Excel) on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  5. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1390 (2011)" (Excel). Iran Data Portal (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 20. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  6. ^ Bloom, Jonathan M.; Blair, Sheila S., eds. (2009). "Bistam". The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. Vol. 1. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 291.
  7. ^ Amanat, Abbas (1989). Resurrection and Renewal. Cornell University Press, New York, USA. pp. 212, 235. ISBN 0-8014-2098-9.
  8. ^ R. N. Frye, “Bisṭām” Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill 2008).
  9. ^ "German archaeologist Wolfram Kleiss, famed for intensive Iranian studies, dies at 90". 22 December 2020. Archived from the original on 23 December 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2021.

External links Edit

  • Bayazid Shrine Complex at ArchNet. [1]
  • Friday Mosque at ArchNet. [2]
  • Tomb Tower at ArchNet. [3]