Baskin-Robbins

Baskin-Robbins is an American multinational chain of ice cream and cake specialty shop restaurants owned by Inspire Brands. Based in Canton, Massachusetts, Baskin-Robbins was founded in 1945 by Burt Baskin and Irv Robbins in Glendale, California.[3] It claims to be the world's largest chain of ice cream specialty stores,[4] with more than eight thousand locations,[5] including nearly 2,500 shops in the United States and over five thousand in other countries.[6] Baskin-Robbins sells ice cream in nearly 50 countries.

Baskin-Robbins
TypeWholly owned subsidiary of Inspire Brands
IndustryFood and Beverage
Founded1945; 76 years ago (1945) (as Burton's Ice Cream Shop)
Glendale, California, U.S.
Founders
Headquarters130 Royall Street
Canton, Massachusetts, U.S.
Number of locations
5636[1] (2019)
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Nigel Travis (Chairman and CEO, Dunkin' Brands)[2]
Products
  • Ice cream
  • Frozen beverages
  • Ice cream cakes
  • Frozen treats
RevenueIncrease US$160 million (2019)
ParentInspire Brands
Websitebaskinrobbins.com

The company is known for its "31 flavors" slogan, with the idea that a customer could have a different flavor every day of any month. The slogan came from the Carson-Roberts advertising agency (which later merged into Ogilvy & Mather) in 1953. Baskin and Robbins believed that people should be able to sample flavors for free until they found one they wanted to buy.

In 2006, the company's "BR" logo was updated such that it doubles as the number "31" to represent the 31 flavors, with the "31" formed by the parts of the letters "BR" which are rendered in pink, in contrast to the rest of the logo which is rendered in blue. The company has introduced more than 1,300 flavors since 1945,[7][8] including the 2019 addition of vegan and non-dairy flavors.[9][10] The company has been headquartered in Canton, Massachusetts, since 2004 after moving from Randolph, Massachusetts.[11]

HistoryEdit

Baskin-Robbins was founded in 1948 by Jewish-Americans brothers-in-law Burt Baskin and Irv Robbins from the merging of their respective ice cream parlors, in Glendale, California.

Burt Baskin learned about ice cream while he was in the military during World War II. He somehow obtained some equipment and started making ice cream for other soldiers. He even got a little experimental with it when he started using some tropical fruits. After the war he wanted to continue with his ice cream business so he opened up Burton's Ice Cream Shop in California in 1946.[12]

Irv Robbins had been in the ice cream business his entire life. When he was a teenager in 1930s his father had a store and he managed the ice cream counter that was contained inside of it. He too entered the military during World War II. As soon as he returned he used $6000 to open Snowbird Ice Cream in California 1945.[13]

During his time in the military Burt Baskin married Shirley Robbins, who was Irv Robbins's sister, making them brothers-in-law. In 1948 they decided to combine their companies into one and call it Baskin-Robbins. Snowbird Ice Cream offered 21 flavors, a novel concept at that time. When the separate companies merged in 1948, the number of flavors was expanded to 31.[3][14]

By 1948, Burt and Irv had opened six stores. The first franchise covering the sale of ice cream was executed May 20, 1948, for the store at 1130 South Adams in Glendale (Store #1). In 1949, the company's production facility opened in Burbank. Burt and Irv made the decision to sell the stores to the managers. In 1953, Baskin-Robbins hired Carson-Roberts Advertising who recommended adoption of the number 31 as well as the pink (cherry) and brown (chocolate) polka dots and typeface that were reminiscent of the circus. The first store that adopted the new 31 look was 804 North Glendale Ave. in Glendale, California, in March 1953.

Between 1949 and 1962, the corporate firm was Huntington Ice Cream Company. The name succeeded The Baskin-Robbins Partnership, and was eventually changed back to Baskin-Robbins, Inc. on November 26, 1962. Baskin-Robbins was owned by its founders until it was acquired in 1967 (just prior to Burt Baskin's death) by United Fruit. In the 1970s, the chain went international, opening stores in Japan, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, and Australia.[15]

During the 1970s, two future American celebrities got their first jobs at Baskin-Robbins. Chris Buck applied icing to ice cream cakes prior to his high school graduation in 1976.[16] Barack Obama spent the summer of 1978 scooping ice cream.[17]

 
A 1967 Baskin-Robbins store in Portland, Oregon, that retains its original look, a design typical of the chain's outlets in the 1960s

In 1972, the company went public for the first time in its history when United Brands sold 17% in an IPO. A year later, British food company J. Lyons and Co. purchased Baskin-Robbins from United Brands and all public stock. J. Lyons then merged with Allied Breweries, becoming Allied-Lyons in 1978. Allied-Lyons then merged with Pedro Domecq S.A. in 1994, becoming Allied Domecq. Baskin-Robbins and Dunkin' Donuts comprise Dunkin' Brands, Inc. Dunkin' Brands was part of Allied Domecq until its purchase in 2006 by a group of private equity firms - Bain Capital, Thomas H. Lee Partners, and The Carlyle Group.[18]

In 2008, Baskin-Robbins launched a full menu of frozen desserts called "BRight Choices". These included frozen yogurt, reduced-fat ice cream, no sugar added ice cream, and dairy-free ice cream flavors.[19]

Irv Robbins died at Eisenhower Medical Center in Rancho Mirage, California, on May 5, 2008, at age 90.[20]

In August 2012, Dunkin' Brands became completely independent of the private equity firms.[21]

 
Co-branded Dunkin' Donuts and Baskin-Robbins, Thomasville, Georgia

While Baskin-Robbins struggled in the early years of the 2000s to retain business with competitors such as frozen yogurt shops, 2013 saw a turnaround in the company's fortunes, with four new U.S. stores opened. An additional five to ten shops were planned to open in 2014.[22] However, Baskin-Robbins ultimately surpassed that goal with a grand total of 17 net new openings throughout 2014,[23] and continued growth of the brand with 15 new stores opened in 2015. Many new Baskin-Robbins shops are co-branded with Dunkin' Donuts, including California's first co-branded location of the two in San Diego, which opened in March 2014.

In 2014, Baskin-Robbins also began selling its ice cream for the first time in supermarkets across the U.S.[24]

In July 2017, Baskin-Robbins started adding their locations to delivery service DoorDash to deliver ice cream in 22 cities across the United States. In the same month they gave free samples of Mint Chocolate Chip Polar Pizza at stores across the country from noon to 5 pm.[25]

Baskin-Robbins began testing a new store format featuring state-of-the-art display cases, original artwork and new product offerings in late 2018. The "Moments" concept was first showcased in Fresno, California, followed by El Paso, Texas.[26][27]

As a publicity stunt for the third season of Stranger Things, Baskin-Robbins allowed its most popular location in Burbank, California to be transformed into a Scoops Ahoy for two weeks. Actors and Baskin-Robbins staff members wore Scoops Ahoy uniforms and pretended to work for Scoops Ahoy. The stunt was so popular some people had to stand in line for four hours. Clues for an alternate reality game included the participation of all 2500 locations.[28]

In December 2020, Dunkin' Brands was purchased by Inspire Brands.[29]

InternationalEdit

 
Map of countries with Baskin-Robbins outlets
 
Baskin Robbins in Richmond Hill, ON
 
Baskin-Robbins ice cream

Baskin-Robbins has more than 8,000 shop locations in 55 countries,[5] including locations in: Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bhutan, Canada, China, Colombia, Curaçao, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Egypt, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Malaysia, Malta, Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico, Nepal, Netherlands, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Maarten, Taiwan, Thailand, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, and Yemen. International locations feature flavors of ice cream popular to the tastes of each country, such as Red Bean, Litchi Gold, Black Currant, Cantaloupe.[30]

In Japan, Baskin-Robbins is known popularly as "Thirty-one" or "Thirty-one ice cream".[31]

AustraliaEdit

Baskin-Robbins Australia is a wholly owned and operated subsidiary of Inspire Brands, the parent company of Baskin-Robbins and Dunkin'.

In October 2010, Dunkin' Brands terminated its license agreement with Allied Brands Group for Baskin-Robbins in Australia, and now supports its Australian franchisees directly.[32] The Baskin-Robbins Australia Franchise Support & Training Centre is based in Brisbane.[33]

ControversiesEdit

In 2019, an ad advertising a new ice cream flavor in South Korea, "Pink Star," featuring child model Ella Gross, sparked a controversy, with many describing the ad as "overly sexualized". The ad was withdrawn shortly afterward, with Baskin-Robbins issuing an apology.[34][35][36][37][38]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Baskin-Robbins: Stores by region 2019".
  2. ^ "Dunkin' Brands - People". Dunkin' Brands. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Our History Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine". Baskin-Robbins' web site. Accessed 25 Feb. 2013.
  4. ^ "About Baskin-Robbins". Archived from the original on February 19, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Varian, Ethan (July 30, 2018). "Baskin-Robbins Opens 8,000th Store in Thousand Oaks | San Fernando Valley Business Journal". San Fernando Business Journal. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  6. ^ "DNKN-2013.12.28-10K". Securities and Exchange Commission.
  7. ^ "About Us | Baskin-Robbins". December 1, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  8. ^ Hopper, Jessica (July 19, 2010). "Deep Freeze: Baskin-Robbins Retires Five Flavors". ABC News. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  9. ^ Pomranz, Mike (July 25, 2019). "Baskin-Robbins Adds Plant-Based, Non-Dairy Flavors". Food & Wine. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  10. ^ Cohen, Howard (August 1, 2019). "Baskin-Robbins introduces two new flavors – and don't even think to call them ice cream". Miami Herald. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  11. ^ Staff (2013). "History: Dunkin' Brands". Dunkin' Brands. Archived from the original on April 23, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  12. ^ News Service Reports (July 18, 2009). "Historic Pasadena Baskin Robbins Reopens". Daily Bulletin. MediaNews Group, Inc. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  13. ^ Garland, Chad (December 5, 2015). "Baskin-Robbins to Celebrate 70 Years with Local Ceremony". Glendale News Press. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  14. ^ "Baskin-Robbins' 31 original flavors". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  15. ^ "Baskin-Robbins Japan Celebrates the Opening of Its 1,000th Store". Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  16. ^ Howmann, Anders (October 10, 2014). "'Frozen' treat for 50". Orange County Register. Freedom Communications, Inc. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  17. ^ Feloni, Richard (February 26, 2016). "Barack Obama explains what he learned from scooping ice cream as a 16-year-old". Business Insider. Insider Inc. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  18. ^ This page, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 23, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), at the Dunkin' Brands site, confirms the Baskin-Robbins founding date, the J. Lyons purchase (and date), the Allied Breweries merger (and date), and the Pedro Domecq merger (and date). Quotes: "1946: Baskin-Robbins is founded by Burt Baskins and Irv Robbins."; "1973: London-based J. Lyons & Co., Ltd., purchased Baskin-Robbins."; "1978: J. Lyons is purchased by Allied Breweries, creating Allied Lyons."; "1994: Allied Lyons partners with Pedro Domecq, the leading spirits marketer in Spain and Mexico, to form Allied Domecq."
  19. ^ "Baskin-Robbins intros BRight Choices treats". Archived from the original on February 18, 2014.
  20. ^ "Co-founder of Baskin-Robbins ice cream stores dies at 90". USA Today. AP. May 6, 2008. Archived from the original on February 5, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  21. ^ "Dunkin' Brands". Retrieved March 20, 2017.
  22. ^ Kate Taylor (February 24, 2014). "How Baskin-Robbins Is Trying Not to Disappear". Entrepreneur. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  23. ^ Dunkin' Brands Group, Inc. (January 12, 2015). "Dunkin' Brands Announces 2014 Domestic Restaurant Growth". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  24. ^ "BASKIN-ROBBINS PACKAGED ICE CREAM AND ICE CREAM BARS NOW AVAILABLE IN GROCERS' FREEZERS ACROSS THE COUNTRY" (Press release). May 20, 2014. Archived from the original on July 7, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  25. ^ "Baskin-Robbins Will Now Deliver Ice Cream Straight To Your Door". Delish. July 7, 2017. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
  26. ^ Rogers, Kate (November 28, 2018). "Here is a look at the new store design Baskin-Robbins is testing". CNBC. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  27. ^ Licerio, Amy (March 22, 2019). "Baskin Robbins gives new look to old favorite". KFOX-TV. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  28. ^ Diaz, Ann-Christine (June 29, 2019). "How to Turn Back Time in 36 Hours: The scoop on Netflix and Baskin-Robbins' race to recreate an '80s-era ice-cream parlor for 'Stranger Things'". Advertising Age. 90 (15). p. 12.
  29. ^ "Inspire Brands Completes Acquisition of Dunkin' Brands". www.businesswire.com. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  30. ^ "Baskin Robbins International". Archived from the original on January 29, 2017.
  31. ^ Unknown, Adam (August 11, 2014). "Why Nobody in Japan Knows Of Baskin Robbins Despite 1000 Stores". Japanese Level Up LLC. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  32. ^ "GoldCoast.com.au Article from October 2010"
  33. ^ "Contact Us". Baskin-Robbins® Australia. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  34. ^ Ji-won, Choi (July 1, 2019). "Baskin Robbins hit by claims of sexualizing 11-year-old". The Korea Herald. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  35. ^ "Baskin Robbins Korea Pulls Controversial Ad Starring Child Model Following Complaints". Branding in Asia Magazine. July 1, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  36. ^ "Controversy arises over child model in Baskin Robbins commercial". koreatimes. July 1, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  37. ^ Tuan, Timothy (July 3, 2019). "A Baskin Robbins Ad Got Hate For 'Sexualising' A Child Model". SAYS. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  38. ^ "Baskin-Robbins accused of sexualizing child model Ella Gross in "weird and disgusting" Korean ad". Newsweek. July 1, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2021.

External linksEdit