Open main menu

Basketball at the 1988 Summer Olympics

Basketball at the 1988 Summer Olympics was the twelfth appearance of the sport of basketball as an official Olympic medal event. It took place at the Jamsil Gymnasium in Seoul, South Korea from 17 September to 30 September 1988. The United States won the gold medal in the women's competition, thus repeating their performance from the 1984 tournament. In the men's tournament, the Soviet Union took home their second gold medal in the team's history for this event. This was the last Olympic basketball tournament where NBA players were not allowed to participate, although professionals from other leagues were allowed to compete, since players from other leagues were still considered amateurs. These were also the last Olympic basketball tournaments where the Soviets fielded a team, as the Soviet Union broke up prior to the 1992 Summer Olympic Games.

12th Olympic Basketball Tournament
Seoul 1988
Tournament details
Olympics1988 Summer Olympics
Host nationSouth Korea
CitySeoul
DurationSeptember 17 – September 30
Men's tournament
Teams12
Medals
1 Gold medalists  Soviet Union
2 Silver medalists Yugoslavia
3 Bronze medalists  United States
Women's tournament
Teams8
Medals
1 Gold medalists  United States
2 Silver medalists Yugoslavia
3 Bronze medalists  Soviet Union
Tournaments
← Los Angeles 1984  Barcelona 1992 →

MedalistsEdit

QualificationEdit

A NOC could enter one men's team with 12 players and one women's team with 12 players. For both tournaments, automatic qualifications were granted to the host country and the winners from the previous edition. For the men's tournament, the remaining teams were decided by the continental championships in Asia, Oceania, Africa and Americas and European qualifying tournament. Champions of Asia and Oceania, top two teams from Africa and top three from Americas earned direct qualification. The last three berths were allocated from the European qualifying tournament, held in the Netherlands, two months before Olympics tournament. For the women's tournament, qualification was decided by a tournament held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, where the top six teams earned a spot.

MenEdit

Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania Automatic qualifiers
  Central African Republic
  Egypt
  Puerto Rico
  Brazil
  Canada
  China   Soviet Union
  Yugoslavia
  Spain
  Australia   United StatesOlympic Champions
  South Korea – Olympic hosts

WomenEdit

Asia Europe Oceania Automatic qualifiers
  China   Soviet Union
  Yugoslavia
  Czechoslovakia
  Bulgaria
  Australia   United StatesOlympic Champions
  South Korea – Olympic hosts

FormatEdit

Men's tournament:

  • Two groups of six teams are formed, where the top four from each group advance to the knockout stage.
  • Fifth and sixth places from each group form an additional bracket to decide 9th–12th places in the final ranking.
  • In the quarterfinals, the match ups are as follows: A1 vs. B4, A2 vs. B3, A3 vs. B2 and A4 vs. B1.
    • The four teams eliminated from the quarterfinals form an additional bracket to decide 5th–8th places in the final ranking.
  • The winning teams from the quarterfinals meet in the semifinals as follows: A1/B4 vs. A3/B2 and A2/B3 vs. A4/B1.
  • The winning teams from the semifinals contest the gold medal. The losing teams contest the bronze.

Women's tournament:

  • Two groups of four teams are formed, where the top two teams from each group advance to the knockout stage.
  • Third and fourth places from each group form an additional bracket to decide 5th–8th places in the final ranking.
  • In the semifinals, the match ups are as follows: A1 vs. B2, A2 vs. B1.
  • The winning teams from the semifinals contest the gold medal. The losing teams contest the bronze.

Tie-breaking criteria:

  1. Head to head results
  2. Goal average (not the goal difference) between the tied teams
  3. Goal average of the tied teams for all teams in its group

Men's tournamentEdit

Preliminary roundEdit

The top four places in each of the preliminary round groups advanced to the eight team, single-elimination knockout stage, where Group A teams would meet Group B teams. Hosts Korea couldn't advance, finishing at the bottom of their group. The other Asia representative, China, met the same fate, together with the two African teams, Egypt and Central African Republic.

Group AEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification
1   Yugoslavia 5 4 1 468 384 +84 9 Quarter-finals
2   Soviet Union 5 4 1 460 393 +67 9
3   Australia 5 3 2 429 408 +21 8
4   Puerto Rico 5 3 2 382 387 −5 8
5   Central African Republic 5 1 4 346 436 −90 6
6   South Korea 5 0 5 384 461 −77 5
Source: FIBA
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Head-to-head results; 3) Points average among tied; 4) Points average.

Group BEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification
1   United States 5 5 0 485 302 +183 10 Quarter-finals
2   Spain 5 4 1 484 435 +49 9
3   Brazil 5 3 2 590 522 +68 8
4   Canada 5 2 3 479 455 +24 7
5   China 5 1 4 433 527 −94 6
6   Egypt 5 0 5 338 568 −230 5
Source: FIBA
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Head-to-head results; 3) Points average among tied; 4) Points average.

Knockout stageEdit

Championship bracketEdit

 
Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsGold medal match
 
          
 
September 26
 
 
(A1)   Yugoslavia95
 
September 28
 
(B4)   Canada73
 
(A1)   Yugoslavia91
 
September 26
 
(A3)   Australia70
 
(B2)   Spain74
 
September 30
 
(A3)   Australia77
 
(A1)   Yugoslavia63
 
September 26
 
(A2)   Soviet Union76
 
(B1)   United States94
 
September 28
 
(A4)   Puerto Rico57
 
(B1)   United States76
 
September 26
 
(A2)   Soviet Union82 Bronze medal match
 
(A2)   Soviet Union110
 
September 29
 
(B3)   Brazil105
 
(A3)   Australia49
 
 
(B1)   United States78
 

Women's tournamentEdit

Preliminary roundEdit

The first two places in each of the preliminary round groups advanced to the semifinals, where Group A teams would meet Group B teams. Like their male counterparts, the Korea women's team didn't manage to advance to the knockout stage and ended up battling for 5th place against the other Asian representative, China and two of the European teams, Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia.

Group AEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification
1   Australia 3 2 1 178 196 −18 5 Semifinals
2   Soviet Union 3 2 1 208 188 +20 5
3   Bulgaria 3 1 2 217 241 −24 4
4   South Korea 3 1 2 244 222 +22 4
Source: FIBA
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Head-to-head results; 3) Points average among tied; 4) Points average.

Group BEdit

Pos Team Pld W L PF PA PD Pts Qualification
1   United States 3 3 0 282 234 +48 6 Semifinals
2   Yugoslavia 3 2 1 199 211 −12 5
3   China 3 1 2 200 214 −14 4
4   Czechoslovakia 3 0 3 202 224 −22 3
Source: FIBA
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Head-to-head results; 3) Points average among tied; 4) Points average.

Knockout stageEdit

Championship bracketEdit

  Semifinals (September 27)     Gold medal (September 29)
                 
  A1   Australia 56  
  B2   Yugoslavia 57    
      B2   Yugoslavia 70
      B1   United States 77
  B1   United States 102    
  A2   Soviet Union 88   Bronze medal (September 28)
 
A1   Australia 53
  A2   Soviet Union 68

Final standingsEdit

Rank Men Women
Team Pld W L Team Pld W L
    Soviet Union 8 7 1   United States 5 5 0
    Yugoslavia 8 6 2   Yugoslavia 5 3 2
    United States 8 7 1   Soviet Union 5 3 2
4th   Australia 8 4 4   Australia 5 2 3
Eliminated in the quarterfinals Eliminated in the group round
5th   Brazil 8 5 3   Bulgaria 5 3 2
6th   Canada 8 3 5   China 5 2 3
7th   Puerto Rico 8 4 4   South Korea 5 2 3
8th   Spain 8 4 4   Czechoslovakia 5 0 5
Eliminated in the group round
9th   South Korea 7 2 5
10th   Central African Republic 7 2 5
11th   China 7 2 5
12th   Egypt 7 0 7

ReferencesEdit