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Basketball at the 1976 Summer Olympics

Basketball events at the 1976 Summer Olympics was the ninth appearance of the sport of basketball as an official Olympic medal event. It took place from July 18 to July 27 at the Centre Étienne Desmarteau and the Montreal Forum in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Women's basketball was introduced to the Olympic program for the first time at this Games. The United States won the gold against Yugoslavia in the men's tournament, while the Soviet Union won the gold medal against the United States in the women's competition.

9th Olympic Basketball Tournament
Montreal 1976
Tournament details
Olympics1976 Summer Olympics
Host nationCanada
CityMontreal
DurationJuly 18–27
Men's tournament
Teams12
Medals
1 Gold medalists  United States
2 Silver medalists Yugoslavia
3 Bronze medalists  Soviet Union
Women's tournament
Teams6
Medals
1 Gold medalists  Soviet Union
2 Silver medalists United States
3 Bronze medalists  Bulgaria
Tournaments
← Munich 1972  Moscow 1980 →

Contents

Medal summaryEdit

QualificationEdit

A single NOC may enter up to one men's team with 12 players and up to one women's team with 12 players. Automatic qualifications were granted to the host country for both events plus the three medal winners from the previous Olympic Games for the men's tournament, and the three first places at the 1975 FIBA World Championship for the women's tournament. Additional spots for the men's tournament were decided via the continental qualification tournaments held by FIBA and an extra qualifying tournament held in Hamilton, Canada months prior to the contest. The remaining slots for the women's competition were also assigned via another tournament held in the same city.

MenEdit

Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania Automatic qualifiers
  Egypt[a]   Mexico
  Puerto Rico[b]
  China[a]
  Japan[c]
  Italy
  Yugoslavia
  Czechoslovakia
  Australia   Soviet UnionGold medal in 1972
  United StatesSilver medal in 1972
  CubaBronze medal in 1972
  Canada – Olympic hosts

WomenEdit

Americas Europe Automatic qualifiers
  United States   Bulgaria   Soviet UnionWorld Champions
  Japan – 2nd place at the 1975 World Championship
  Czechoslovakia – 3rd place at the 1975 World Championship
  Canada – Olympic hosts
  • a Egypt withdrew from the Olympic Games after one match, following the boycott of several African countries against New Zealand. All matches involving Egypt were then forfeited.
  • b Puerto Rico qualified after winning the silver medal at the 1975 Pan American Games, since the gold medal went to the United States, who had already qualified.
  • c Replaced China.

FormatEdit

Men's tournament:

  • Two groups of six teams are formed, where the top two from each group advance to the semifinals.
  • Third and fourth places from each group form an additional bracket to decide 5th–8th places in the final ranking.
  • Fifth and sixth places from each group form an additional bracket to decide 9th–12th places in the final ranking.

Women's tournament:

  • One round-robin group is formed containing all six teams, where the final standings are decided.

Tie-breaking criteria:

  1. Head to head results
  2. Goal average (not the goal difference) between the tied teams
  3. Goal average of the tied teams for all teams in its group

Men's tournamentEdit

Preliminary roundEdit

The first two places in each of the preliminary round groups advanced to the semifinals, where Group A teams would meet Group B teams. The Soviet Union and the United States, two of the powerhouses at this tournament, finished the preliminary round undefeated. The host nation's team also qualified for the semifinals together with Yugoslavia. Egypt's team played only one match against Czechoslovakia and then left the tournament supporting the boycott of several African countries, and thus forfeiting their remaining matches.

Group AEdit

Qualified for the semifinals
Team W L PF PA PD Pts
  Soviet Union 5 0 548 374 +174 10
  Canada 4 1 446 416 +30 9
  Cuba 3 2 448 402 +46 8
  Australia 2 3 472 481 −9 7
  Mexico 1 4 461 511 −50 6
  Japan 0 5 364 555 −191 5
July 18
Canada   104–76   Japan
July 19
Mexico   108–90   Japan
July 21
Mexico   117–120 (OT)   Australia
July 21
Japan   56–97   Cuba

Group BEdit

Qualified for the semifinals
Team W L PF PA PD Pts
  United States 5 0 394 349 +45 10
  Yugoslavia 4 1 364 343 +21 9
  Italy 3 2 347 344 +3 8
  Czechoslovakia 2 3 418 406 +12 7
  Puerto Rico 1 4 321 363 −42 6
  Egypt 0 5 64 103 −39 1
July 20
Forfeited
Italy   2–0   Egypt
July 21
Forfeited
Puerto Rico   2–0   Egypt
July 22
Forfeited
United States   2–0   Egypt
July 24
Forfeited
Yugoslavia   2–0   Egypt

Knockout stageEdit

Championship bracketEdit

  Semifinals (July 26)     Gold medal (July 27)
                 
  A1   Soviet Union 84  
  B2   Yugoslavia 89    
      B2   Yugoslavia 74
      B1   United States 95
  B1   United States 95    
  A2   Canada 77   Bronze medal (July 27)
 
A1   Soviet Union 100
  A2   Canada 72

Classification bracketsEdit

5th–8th Place

  Semifinals (July 25)     5th place (July 27)
                 
  A3   Cuba 76  
  B4   Czechoslovakia 91    
      B4   Czechoslovakia 75
      B3   Italy 98
  B3   Italy 79    
  A4   Australia 72   7th place (July 27)
 
A3   Cuba 92
  A4   Australia 81

9th–12th Place

  Semifinals (July 25)     9th place (July 27)
                 
  A5   Mexico 2  
  B6   Egypt 0[d]    
      A5   Mexico 84
      B5   Puerto Rico 89
  B5   Puerto Rico 111    
  A6   Japan 91   11th place (July 27)
 
B6   Egypt 0[d]
  A6   Japan 2

d Forfeited match.

Women's tournamentEdit

The first Olympic Basketball Tournament for Women consisted of a single round-robin group, where final standings where determined by the group rankings. The Soviet team finished undefeated and won the gold medal, while the American team won the silver medal through a victory over Bulgarian team that broke the tie between the two teams in favor of the American team.

Team W L PF PA PD Pts 1st Tie
  Soviet Union 5 0 504 346 +158 10
  United States 3 2 415 417 −2 8 1W–0L
  Bulgaria 3 2 365 377 −12 8 0W–1L
  Czechoslovakia 2 3 351 359 −8 7 1W–0L
  Japan 2 3 405 400 +5 7 0W–1L
  Canada 0 5 336 477 −141 5
July 20
Japan   121–89   Canada
July 25
Canada   62–85   Bulgaria
July 26
Soviet Union   98–75   Japan

Final standingsEdit

Rank Men Women
Team Pld W L Team Pld W L
    United States 7 7 0   Soviet Union 5 5 0
    Yugoslavia 7 5 2   United States 5 3 2
    Soviet Union 7 6 1   Bulgaria 5 3 2
4th   Canada 7 4 3   Czechoslovakia 5 2 3
5th   Italy 7 5 2   Japan 5 2 3
6th   Czechoslovakia 7 3 4   Canada 5 0 5
7th   Cuba 7 4 3
8th   Australia 7 2 5
9th   Puerto Rico 7 3 4
10th   Mexico 7 2 5
11th   Japan 7 1 6
12th   Egypt 5 0 5

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit