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Basilio Villarino (1741 – 1785) was a captain of the Spanish Royal Navy who traveled around the southern tip of South America. In 1837 some of his writings were published as Diario de la Navegación Emprendida en 1781, Desde el Rio Negro, para Reconocer la Bahia de Todos los Santos, las Islas del Buen Suceso, y el Desague del Rio Colorado.

Early lifeEdit

Basilio Villarino was born in Noia, Spain, in 1741.[citation needed]

VoyagesEdit

In 1773 Villarino arrived to the Rio de la Plata as assistant pilot of the frigate Perpetua, commanded by Captain Bustillos. From 1778 he performed a detailed reconnaissance of the Patagonia, during which he explored the sea shores and the rivers Negro, Colorado, Limay and Deseado among others.[citation needed]

In 1779 he participated in the expedition led by Francisco de Viedma, during which the town of Carmen de Patagones was founded; in 1782 he navigated the rivers Negro, Limay and Collón Curá in four chalupas called San Jose, San Juan, San Francisco de Asis and Champagne, accompanied by a local chieftain. In 1783 he discovered the Choele Choel island, although the exploration is suspended due to the permanent attack of the natives.[citation needed]

DeathEdit

Villarino was killed by the aboriginals in January 1785, during an expedition to Sierra de la Ventana commanded by Juan de la Piedra.[citation needed]

LegacyEdit

In Argentina, Villarino's legacy as an explorer of Patagonia has been recognized by naming several places after him, including: a lake and a river in Neuquén, a department subdivision in Buenos Aires (Villarino Partido), and some schools.[citation needed]

An Argentine Navy 1880s steamer, used on the Patagonian routes, was named after him.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

  • de Angelis, Pedro, ed. (1837). Diario del piloto de la Real Armada, Basilio Villarino del reconocimiento que hizo del Río Negro en la costa oriental de Patagonia el año de 1782. Colección de obras y documentos relativos a la Historia Antigua y Moderna de las provincias del Río de La Plata (in Spanish). Tomo Quinto. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Imprenta del Estado. Retrieved 2016-10-22.
  • Aylén Enrique, Laura (2015). "Un diario de viaje inédito de Basilio Villarino y el mapa de la travesía: más de un siglo de periplo por los archivos". Corpus [En línea] (in Spanish). 5 (1). doi:10.4000/corpusarchivos.1409. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  • Gentinetta, Martín Alejandro (2013). "Un marino ilustrado de la Monarquía borbónica: Basilio Villarino y sus expediciones por las costas patagónicas a fines del setecientos". Prohistoria (in Spanish). Vol. 19 no. Ene/Jun 2013. Rosario, Argentina: Prohistoria [online]. pp. 43–70. ISSN 1851-9504. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  • "ACTIVIDADES MARITIMAS EN LA PATAGONIA DURANTE LOS SIGLOS XVII Y XVIII - 1780 - Actividades del Piloto Basilio Villarino". Historia y Arqueologia Marítima (Histarmar) (in Spanish). Fundación Histarmar - Carlos Mey. Retrieved 2016-10-22.

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