Basilina (Greek: Βασιλίνα; died 332/333[1][2]) was the wife of Julius Constantius and the mother of the Roman emperor Julian (r. 361–363) who in her honour gave the name Basilinopolis to a city in Bithynia (modern Pazarköy near Gemlik, in Turkey).[2]

BiographyEdit

Basilina was of Greek descent born in Asia Minor.[3][4] She was the daughter of Caeionius Iulianus Camenius,[5] or more likely of Julius Julianus,[1][2] and received a classical education (i.e., Homer and Hesiod) from Mardonius, a eunuch who grew up in the house of her father.[1] She became the second wife of Julius Constantius, whom she gave Julian;[2] Basilina died a few months after childbirth;[1][2] her sister was the mother of Procopius.[6]

A Christian, Basilina initially favoured the Arians, but gave her lands as an inheritance to the church of Ephesus.[2] She was a relative of Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia, her son's tutor.

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Baynes 1911, p. 63.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Jones, Martindale & Morris 1971, "Basilina", p. 148.
  3. ^ Norwich 1989, p. 83: "Julius Constantius [...] Constantine had invited him, with his second wife and his young family, to take up residence in his new capital; and it was in Constantinople that his third son Julian was born, in May or June of the year 332. The baby's mother, Basilina, a Greek from Asia Minor, died a few weeks later [...]"
  4. ^ Bradbury 2004, p. 58: "JULIAN THE APOSTATE, FLAVIUS CLAUDIUS JULIANUS, ROMAN EMPEROR (332–63) Emperor from 361, son of Julius Constantius and a Greek mother Basilina, grandson of Constantius Chlorus, the only pagan Byzantine Emperor."
  5. ^ DiMaio 1997.
  6. ^ Ammianus Marcellinus. Res Gestae, 26.6.

SourcesEdit

  • Baynes, Norman H. (1911). "CHAPTER III Constantine's Successors to Jovian: And the Struggle with Persia". The Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55–86.
  • Bradbury, Jim (2004). The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-22126-9.
  • DiMaio, Michael (22 February 1997). "The Siblings of Constantine I". De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  • Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin; Martindale, John Robert; Morris, John (1971). The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume I: A.D. 260–395. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-07233-6.
  • Norwich, John Julius (1989). Byzantium: The Early Centuries. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-53778-5.