Bascharage (Luxembourgish: Nidderkäerjeng pronounced [ˈnidɐˈkɛːə̯ʒeŋ],[fix the stress] German: Niederkerschen) is a town and a former commune in south-western Luxembourg. Since 2012, it is part of the commune of Käerjeng.
Map of Luxembourg with Bascharage highlighted in orange, and the canton in dark red
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Bascharage with the other towns like Linger, Hautcharage and Pétange were owned by the "Hoheit Kerschen". The first known reference to them was on April 4, 1281 for obtaining their freedom under the law of Beamont "Freiheitsbrief nach Böhmerrecht“. The freedom of Clemency probably happened in 1260.
After the occupation of France (1794 – 1815), the “Hoheit Kerschen” changed in “municipalité cantonale Bascharage” with the townships of Bascharage, Clemency, Mamer, Garnich and Dippach. This Township came out in 1799 as the “Mairie de Bascharage” with the towns of Bascharage, Hautchaurage and Linger. Their first mayor was Pierre Clemont in 1800. The first mayor of Clemency was Pierre Decker (until 1830).
Geologically, Bascharage does not belong to the Minette Region however they have a pretty tense relation with the iron industry. The Iron crisis in the 70s was responsible for the big loss of work for the citizens.
Even so, the town has known a regularly evolution with the arrival of enterprises like General Motors or Luxguard. In Bascharage there is also the seat of the well known and probably biggest brewery of the country, Bofferding.
The old township BascharageEdit
Until 2012, Bascharage was in a separate commune similarly named Bascharage. But on 1 January 2012, the Commune of Bascharage was merged with the Commune of Clemency with the combined township being named the Commune of Käerjeng. The law creating Käerjeng was passed on 24 May 2011.
The former commune consisted of the villages:
The arms were conferred on the town by Grand Ducal decree of 21 July 1969.
Mayors since 1858Edit
- Jean Nicolas Schumacher
- Pierre Schütz
- Jules Hemmer
- Jean Peschong
- Théophile Aubart
- Nicolas Meyers
- Robert Steichen
- Marcel Gillen
- André Siebenbour
- Joseph Thill
- Jean Christophe
- Jeannot Halsdorf
- Michel Wolter
Bascharage is crossed by the Chiers who also take the waters of Mierbech.
Gemeng Käerjeng (commune of Käerjeng)Edit
Bascharage is now part of the commune of Käerjeng (in Luxembourgish Gemeng Käerjeng), one of the 106 communes in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and situated in the south-west of the country in the canton of Capellen.
Before 2012, Bascharage was part of the similarly named Commune of Bacharage. But on 1 January 2012, the Commune of Bacharage was merged with Commune of the Commune of Clemency with the two former communes now forming the merged new commune of Käerjeng. The law creating Käerjeng as a commune was passed on 24 May 2011.
Bascharage is housing the national wide brewery blond beer which is known as Bofferding. An industrial zone was also born around 30 years ago which, today, regroups local and regional companies from big subsidiaries such as General Motors, Luxguard and Delphi Corporation.
- UN Käerjéng 97 (football)
- HBC Bascharage (handball)
- Bascharage Hedgehogs (basketball)