Basbousa (Egyptian Arabic: بسبوسة) or Hareeseh, or Nammoura, is a traditional Middle Eastern sweet cake that originated in Egypt. It is made from a semolina batter  and sweetened with orange flower water or rose water simple syrup. The semolina cake is featured in Middle Eastern cuisines, Greek cuisine, Armenian cuisine, Israeli cuisine and many others. It is called basbousa in Egyptian slang and Hareeseh in Arabic, shamali in Armenian. The Persian name for the cake, revani, has also entered the Greek and Turkish.
|Alternative names||Basbuusa, Hareeseh,Nammoura |
|Region or state||Egypt, Middle East, North Africa , the Balkans, the Caucasus|
|Serving temperature||Cold or Warm|
|Main ingredients||Semolina or farina, syrup, yogurt|
|Variations||Orange blossom syrup or rose|
|Calorie rich kcal|
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- Egyptian slang: basbūsah
- Arabic: هريسة harīsa (meaning mashed or crushed) , نمورة nammoura
- Armenian: Շամալի shamali
- Greek: ραβανί or ρεβανί (ravani or revani).
- Turkish: revani or ravani (from Persian)
Basbousa is the dessert's Egyptian name, and it's often called "hareesa" in the Levant, the Maghreb, and also the Egyptian city of Alexandria, though in other parts of Egypt Hareesa is a different type of dessert. Basbousa is a popular dessert among all Egyptians, it's a main Egyptian dish at Eids and Ramadan tables, also for Christians in their fasts, such as the Great Lent and Nativity, as it can be made vegan.
Pastūsha (sometimes stylized as Pastūçha) is a variant of basbousa that originated in Kuwait in the 2010s. Like basbousa, it is made from semolina soaked in sweet syrup. It is characterized by the addition of finely ground pistachios and orange flower water.
- "Καλόν πράμαν ή σιάμαλι". foodmuseum.cs.ucy.ac.cy (in Greek). Cyprus Food Virtual Museum. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
- Around the World in Twelve Plates – Egyptian Basbousa,
Basbousa is an Egyptian classic cake made from durum semolina and a whole lot of dairy which is also popular in many other Middle Eastern countries.
- The Recipes of Africa. p. 241. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
- "Arabic Dessert".
- "Nishanyan - Turkish etymological dictionary: Revani (in Turkish)". Retrieved 2014-07-18.
- Davidson, Alan (2014). Oxford companion to food. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199677337.
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