Baruun-Urt

Baruun-Urt (Mongolian: Баруун-Урт; ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤᠷᠲᠤ, west-long) is a town in eastern Mongolia and the capital of Sükhbaatar Province. The town with its vicinities creates a sum (district) of Sükhbaatar Province. The Baruun-Urt sum area is 59 km², population 15,549, population density 265 per km² (2008). It forms an enclave within the surrounding Sükhbaatar sum.

Baruun-Urt District

Баруун-Урт сум
ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨᠤᠷᠲᠤᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Sükhbaatar Square Statue in Baruun-Urt
Sükhbaatar Square Statue in Baruun-Urt
CountryMongolia
ProvinceSükhbaatar Province
Elevation
981 m (3,219 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total18,190
Time zoneUTC+8 (UTC + 8)
ClimateBSk

Tömörtiin Ovoo Zinc Mine lies about 13 km north of the town.

PopulationEdit

Baruun-Urt city proper population [1][2][3][4][5][6]
1959
est.
1969
census
1979
census
1989
census
1994
est.
2000
census
2006
est.
2008
est.
6,000 8,000 11,600 16,100 17,289 15,133 12,000 12,944

TransportationEdit

The Baruun-Urt Airport (UUN/ZMBU) has one unpaved runway. There is a regular flight connecting the city to the capital every Monday. The flight is operated by the MIAT through Sky Horse Aviation.

ClimateEdit

Baruun-Urt experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, very dry, frigid winters and short, very warm summers.

Climate data for Baruun-Urt
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
4.8
(40.6)
17.3
(63.1)
27.5
(81.5)
34.6
(94.3)
37.4
(99.3)
39.0
(102.2)
37.4
(99.3)
30.5
(86.9)
26.5
(79.7)
12.9
(55.2)
1.0
(33.8)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−12.0
(10.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
10.7
(51.3)
19.2
(66.6)
24.5
(76.1)
26.2
(79.2)
24.4
(75.9)
17.9
(64.2)
9.2
(48.6)
−4.1
(24.6)
−13.4
(7.9)
7.1
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.5
(−6.7)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
3.0
(37.4)
11.4
(52.5)
17.6
(63.7)
20.0
(68.0)
18.0
(64.4)
10.8
(51.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
−18.8
(−1.8)
0.5
(32.8)
Average low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−14.5
(5.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.9
(39.0)
11.2
(52.2)
14.0
(57.2)
12.0
(53.6)
4.5
(40.1)
−4.2
(24.4)
−15.5
(4.1)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−5.4
(22.2)
Record low °C (°F) −38.3
(−36.9)
−40.1
(−40.2)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.8
(16.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
4.0
(39.2)
0.2
(32.4)
−7.2
(19.0)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−38.2
(−36.8)
−40.1
(−40.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.8
(0.07)
1.5
(0.06)
2.6
(0.10)
6.7
(0.26)
13.1
(0.52)
35.3
(1.39)
61.2
(2.41)
50.6
(1.99)
21.2
(0.83)
5.9
(0.23)
2.7
(0.11)
1.8
(0.07)
204.4
(8.04)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.7 0.5 0.6 1.5 2.3 6.8 8.1 7.5 3.5 1.5 0.7 0.6 34.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 203.3 216.4 263.5 274.6 304.5 303.0 298.9 290.4 280.0 245.2 208.2 183.2 3,071.2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Statistical Office Archived 2007-06-07 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981
  3. ^ GeoHive: Global Statistics Archived 2013-07-30 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Population Statistics: historical demography". Archived from the original on 2015-02-23. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  5. ^ http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/oxfamannex1-4.pdf[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Sukhbaatar Aimag Statistical Office 2008 Annual Report Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Baruun-Urt Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 14, 2013.

Coordinates: 46°40′53″N 113°16′49″E / 46.68139°N 113.28028°E / 46.68139; 113.28028