Barton ministry

The Barton ministry (Protectionist) was the 1st ministry of the Government of Australia. It was led by the country's 1st prime minister, Sir Edmund Barton. The Barton ministry was formed on 1 January 1901 when Federation took place. The ministry was replaced by the First Deakin ministry on 24 September 1903 following Barton's retirement from Parliament to enter the inaugural High Court.[1]

Barton ministry
Flag of Australia (1901–1903).svg
1st Ministry of Australia
Barton Ministry (cropped).jpg
Governor-General Lord Hopetoun with first arrangement of newly appointed ministers to the Barton ministry on 1 January 1901. Sir James Dickson (fifth standing to the left) would be dead nine days later.
Date formed1 January 1901
Date dissolved24 September 1903
People and organisations
Edward VII
Governor-GeneralLord Hopetoun
Lord Tennyson
Prime MinisterSir Edmund Barton
No. of ministers11
Member partyProtectionist
Status in legislatureMinority government (Labour support)
Opposition partyFree Trade
Opposition leaderGeorge Reid
Election(s)29–30 March 1901
Legislature term(s)1st
SuccessorFirst Deakin ministry

James Drake, who died in 1941, was the last surviving member of the Barton ministry; Drake was also the last surviving minister of the First Deakin ministry and the Reid government. Elliot Lewis was the last surviving member of the inaugural Barton ministry.

The Barton ministry in 1902 with Australia's second Governor-General Lord Tennyson.


Party Minister Portrait Portfolio
  Protectionist Rt Hon. (Sir) Edmund Barton (GCMG) (KC)

MP for Hunter

  Hon. Alfred Deakin

MP for Ballaarat

  Hon. Sir William Lyne KCMG

MP for Hume

  Rt Hon. Charles Kingston KC

MP for South Australia

  Rt Hon. Sir George Turner KCMG

MP for Balaclava

  Hon. Sir James Dickson KCMG
  Rt Hon. Sir John Forrest GCMG

MP for Swan

  Hon. Richard O'Connor KC

Senator for New South Wales

  Hon. Elliott Lewis
  • Minister without Portfolio (to 23 April 1901)
  Hon. James Drake

Senator for Queensland
(1901–1906) (in Ministry from 5 February 1901)

  Hon. Sir Philip Fysh KCMG

MP for Tasmania
(1901–1903) (in Ministry from 23 April 1901)

  • Minister without Portfolio (from 23 April 1901 to 10 August 1903)
  • Postmaster-General (from 10 August 1903)


  1. ^ "Ministries and Cabinets". Parliamentary Handbook. Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  2. ^ Dickson was Premier of Queensland 1898–1899. He was intending to seek election to the Commonwealth Parliament but died on 10 January 1901.
  3. ^ Lewis was Premier of Tasmania 1899–1903, 1909, and 1909–1912. He did not seek election to the Commonwealth Parliament.