Barton upon Irwell
|Barton upon Irwell|
The Barton Swing Aqueduct carries the Bridgewater Canal over the Manchester Ship Canal.
|Population||12,462 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Barton Old Hall, a brick-built house degraded to a farmhouse, was the seat of the Barton, Booth and Leigh families. The church of St Catherine, built in stone with an octagonal spire rising to 100 feet (30 m), was consecrated in 1843. The church was demolished in the 1970s due to dry rot and the parish was merged with the neighbouring church of St Michael & All Angels, Peel Green.
Historically in Lancashire, Barton-upon-Irwell was a township in the ecclesiastical parish of Eccles in the hundred of Salford. Barton was joined with the municipal borough of Eccles in 1933 which was at the time part of the Lancashire administrative county. Eccles joined the City of Salford, Greater Manchester in 1974. Barton upon Irwell is currently represented in Westminster by Barbara Keeley MP for Worsley and Eccles South.
The ward is represented by three councillors: David Jolley (Lab), Michele Barnes (Lab), and John Mullen (Lab).
|2004||David Jolley (Lab)||Neville Clarke (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2006||David Jolley (Lab)||Neville Clarke (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2007||David Jolley (Lab)||Norbert Potter (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2008||David Jolley (Lab)||Norbert Potter (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2010||David Jolley (Lab)||Norbert Potter (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2011||David Jolley (Lab)||Michele Barnes (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2012||David Jolley (Lab)||Michele Barnes (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2014||David Jolley (Lab)||Michele Barnes (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2015||David Jolley (Lab)||Michele Barnes (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2016||David Jolley (Lab)||Michele Barnes (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
|2018||David Jolley (Lab)||Michele Barnes (Lab)||John Mullen (Lab)|
indicates seat up for re-election.
Barton is about 5.5 miles (8.9 km) west of Manchester, on both banks of the River Irwell from Trafford Park to Davyhulme, and includes the hamlet of Dumplington, now the site of the Trafford Centre. The Irwell was the boundary as far as the River Mersey, which with the Glazebrook were also boundaries.
The Lords of the Manor; the de Traffords were Roman Catholics and the Grade I listed All Saints' Church was built at their expense between 1865 and 1868 by Edward Welby Pugin. It ceased to be a parish church in 1961 and was taken over by the Friars Minor Conventual. Land for its graveyard given by the de Traffords is on the far side of the ship canal.
The de Traffords believed in religious freedom and paid for churches and chapels of other denominations. Between 1865 and 1868, the Church of England St Catherine's Church was built at their expense to the rear of All Saints' Church. It was demolished in the late 1970s. The graveyard remains and is the last resting place of Marshall Stevens.
Barton upon Irwell Methodist Chapel, built in 1796, was a short distance from the bridge. The buildings were taken over in 1973 by the Church of the Nazarene, but were later abandoned and demolished in 2001 for housing, causing controversy over the treatment of the graveyard by the developers.
Barton is on the north bank of the Manchester Ship Canal and the River Irwell. A pair of ship locks is on the western edge of the district. It is also home to Barton Swing Aqueduct, which carries the Bridgewater Canal over the Manchester Ship Canal. From the late 19th century, the road from Barton to Stretford was carried over the canal by a low-level swing bridge, the opening of which for shipping to pass caused lengthy traffic delays to vehicles.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway, opened in 1830, passes through the township.Barton Aerodrome was opened on 1 January 1930 and was the first permanent municipal airfield in the United Kingdom. Scheduled internal passenger flights operated in 1930 and again from 1934 to 1938, when the services were transferred to the new larger Ringway Airport (now Manchester Airport). Several charter airlines and flying clubs were based at the airport prewar.
During the Second World War over 700 aircraft were built here by F. Hills & Son and over 1,000 military aircraft were repaired by several firms. In 1946, the Lancashire Aero Club, founded in 1924 and the oldest flying club in the UK, moved here from Woodford Aerodrome, Cheshire. Barton is now a thriving general aviation airfield owned by Peel Holdings and is the base for over 150 private and club aircraft.
Culture and cultural referencesEdit
Featured in the last scene of the 1961 film A Taste of Honey, the Barton Aqueduct and Swing Bridge are seen as the character of Tom sails away. In the film's opening scenes of street life in Salford, two young children are seen playing. One of them, the 5-year-old Hazel Blears, grew up to become the Member of Parliament for Salford and a Cabinet Minister. Whilst the Barton Swing Bridge does feature in the 1961 film A Taste of Honey, the scene featuring Tom the sailor on the rotating bridge is in fact the Trafford Road Swing Bridge – in the background of the shot the now demolished Henshaw's Blind Asylum can be seen as the bridge turntable shifts.
- Barton Ward Profile (PDF). salford.gov.uk. Salford City Council. March 2016.
- Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1848), "Barton-Upon-Irwell", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 633–638, retrieved 11 October 2010
- "Barbara Keeley MP". parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- Council, Salford City; Centre, Salford Civic; Road, Chorley (20 July 2019). "Your Councillors". sccdemocracy.salford.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Grice, Andrew (23 February 2007), 'Street socialist' Blears joins battle to replace Prescott, The Independent, archived from the original on 30 September 2007, retrieved 16 September 2008