Barsana is a historical town and nagar panchayat in the Mathura district of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.[1] The town holds cultural and religious significance as it is the birthplace and home of the Hindu goddess Radha, the chief consort of Krishna. Barsana is situated in the Braj region.[2] The main attraction of the town is the historical Radha Rani Temple which attracts huge number of devotees throughout the year.[3]

Barsana
Barsana Dham
Town
Clockwise from top: : Outer view of Radha Rani Temple, Inside view of Radharani Temple, Entrance gate of Barsana, Brahmamchal Hill and Holi celebration at Shreeji Temple
Nickname: 
The Birthplace of Goddess Radha
Barsana is located in Uttar Pradesh
Barsana
Barsana
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°38′56″N 77°22′44″E / 27.64889°N 77.37889°E / 27.64889; 77.37889
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictMathura
Elevation
182 m (597 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total9,215
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • NativeBraj Bhasha dialect
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-85

Barsana is an integral part of the Krishna pilgrimage circuit which also includes Mathura, Vrindavan, Govardhan, Kurukshetra and Dwarka.

Demographics edit

As of 2001 India census,[4] Barsana had a population of 9215. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Barsana has an average literacy rate of 53%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 66% of the males and 34% of females literate. 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Significant places edit

 
Radha Kushal Bihari Temple on Brahmanchal Hill, Barsana

Barsana is one of the most important pilgrimage center, which enchants pilgrims and devotees with the performances based on the life events of Radha and her consort Krishna. The significant places include[5][6]-

  • Radha Rani Temple, the main attraction of Barsana
  • Bhanusarovar - Water pond dedicated to Vrishabhanu, father of goddess Radha
  • Chaturbhuj (temples of Nimbarka Sampradaya) and Brajeshwar Mahadev (temple dedicated to Shiva)
  • Ravari Kund, Pavari Kund, Tilak Kund, Mohini Kund, Lalita Kund and Dohani Kund
  • There are also other temples dedicated to Vrishbhanu and Balarama
  • Sankhari Khor
  • Rangeeli Mahal
  • Kirti Mandir [7]
  • Maan Mandir
  • Shri Radha Kushal Bihari Temple [8]
  • Daan Bihari Temple [9]

Transportation edit

Road edit

Barsana is well connected by roads. One has to follow state highways to get to this town/city.

140 km from New Delhi

130 km from Gurgaon

100 km from Agra

40 km from Mathura

08 km from Nandgaon

20 km from Goverdhan

Rail edit

Flight edit

  • Jewar International Airport Officially Noida International Airport is under-construction airport is nearest airport expected this airport Phase 1 in open 2024.

References edit

  1. ^ "Barsana, India". Falling Rain Genomics. Archived from the original on 5 December 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Barsana | Welcome to UP Tourism-Official Website of Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India". www.uptourism.gov.in. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  3. ^ "Historical town Barsana set to celebrate 'Lathmar Holi' Tuesday". Financialexpress. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ Vemsani, Lavanya (2016). Krishna in History, Thought, and Culture An Encyclopedia of the Hindu Lord of Many Names. United States of America: ABC-CLIO. p. 27. ISBN 9781610692113.
  6. ^ Anand, D. (1992). Krishna: The Living God of Braj. Abhinav Publications. pp. 60–67. ISBN 978-81-7017-280-2.
  7. ^ "JKP Mandirs Home". JKP. Retrieved 14 December 2022.
  8. ^ "Shri Radha Kushal Bihari Temple Barsana | Mandir History, Architecture & Visiting Time | UP Tourism". tour-my-india. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  9. ^ "Dan Bihari Temple Barsana | Mandir History, Architecture & Visiting Time | UP Tourism". tour-my-india. Retrieved 6 April 2022.