Bars Bek

Bars Bek (Old Turkic: 𐰉𐰺𐰽:𐰋𐰏)[1][2] or Inanch Alp Bilge[3] was a khagan of Yenisei Kyrgyz Khaganate. He is considered by some to be the same person as Manas.[3]

Barsbek
KG-2014-1som-Barsbek-a.png
The commemorative coin issued by the National Bank of Kyrgyzstan in 2010 in honor of Barsbek
Khagan of Kyrgyz
Reign? - 711
PredecessorUnknown
SuccessorUnknown
Born7th century
Died711
Son river, Khakassia
SpouseSister of Bilge Khagan
ReligionTengriism

ReignEdit

Nothing is known about Bars Bek's early reign, except minor information fragments contained within Orkhon and Yenisei inscriptions.

During his reign, he was believed to be hostile to the Göktürks until he married a younger daughter of Ilterish khagan and was appointed as a lesser khagan ruling over Az and Kyrgyz tribes.[1][2][4]

In the late 7th century, according to Takeshi Osawa, Bars Bek mediated talks between Suoge and Zhongzong.[5] According to Klyashtorny, he sent an ambassador named Eren Ulug to the Tibetan Empire in an attempt to form an alliance but was unsuccessful.[6]

TitleEdit

According to Sergei Klyashtorny, Bars Bek's anointed name was Inanch Alp Bilge and was mentioned as such in Yenisei inscriptions.[7] Turkish historian Saadeddin Gömeç argued against this.[8]

DeathEdit

After news of the triple alliance reached Tonyukuk, he decided to eliminate the Kyrgyz first. Roads to Kyrgyz lands were blocked by heavy snow, forcing them to find a guide. They first crossed Ak Termel (modern Ona - a tributary of Abakan). However, after ten nights of searching for a way out, their guide became lost and was executed on the orders of Qapaghan. After a few days, they arrived at Kyrgyz headquarters and launched a night attack on Bars Bek, killing him.[9] A memorial stele was erected after his death, on the left side of the Abakan river.[10]

He was succeeded by his son and Bilge Khagan's nephew.[11]

LegacyEdit

A commemorative coin honouring Bars Bek was issued by the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic in 2010.[12] A monument to Bars Bek was erected in Osh.[13] In 2017,

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The Bilge khagan's Memorial Complex". bitig.org. Archived from the original on 2015-02-03. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  2. ^ a b "The Kultegin's Memorial Complex". bitig.org. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  3. ^ a b Akaevich, Askar (2003). Kırgız devlet geleneği ve Manas. İbrahimova, Salih., Rahmanov, Ergeşbay., Şimşek, Tuğba. İstanbul: Da Yayıncılık. ISBN 9756571446. OCLC 54950584.
  4. ^ Zhivkov, Boris (2015-05-07). Khazaria in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries. BRILL. p. 65. ISBN 9789004294486.
  5. ^ Takeshi, Osawa (1996). "Jenissei-Kirghiz in the Early Eighth Century". Shihō (in Japanese). The Toyoshi-Danwa-kai Hokkaido University. 28: 1–24.
  6. ^ "Altyn-Kol (E-29)". bitig.org. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  7. ^ Кляшторный., С. Г. (1976). "Стелы Золотого озера (к датировке енисейских рунических памятников)" (PDF). Turcologica: 258.
  8. ^ Orkun, Hüseyin Namık (1936). Eski Türk Yazıtları. 1. Istanbul. pp. 35–39.
  9. ^ "The Tonyukuk's Memorial Complex". bitig.org. Retrieved 2018-08-25. 𐰾𐰇𐰭𐰏𐰤: 𐰲𐰑𐰢𐰕: 𐰴𐰣𐰃: 𐰾𐰇𐰾𐰃: 𐱅𐰼𐰠𐰢𐰾: 𐰾𐰇𐰭𐰾𐰓𐰢𐰕: 𐰽𐰨𐰑𐰢𐰕: 𐰴𐰣𐰃𐰤: 𐰇𐰠𐰼𐱅𐰢𐰕: 𐰴𐰍𐰣𐰴𐰀: (in Old Turkic script) / Their Khagan gathered the army. We fought them, killed their khagan. Kyrgyz people surrendered our Khagan. (English translation)
  10. ^ "Altyn-Kol (E-28)". bitig.org. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  11. ^ I︠A︡., Butanaev, V.; Khudyakov, Y. S. (2000). Istorii︠a︡ eniseĭskikh kyrgyzov. Abakan: Izd-vo Khakasskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.F. Katanova. p. 69. ISBN 5781001190. OCLC 47206450.
  12. ^ "National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic". www.nbkr.kg. Retrieved 2018-08-25.
  13. ^ "В городе Ош предлагают перенести монументальную композицию Барсбек Каган". КАБАРЛАР - Всегда первый!. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 2018-08-25.