Baron Upper Ossory was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 11 June 1541 for Barnaby Fitzpatrick. This was in pursuance of the Surrender and regrant policy of King Henry VIII. Under the policy, Gaelic chiefs were actively encouraged to surrender their lands to the king and then have them regranted (returned) under a royal charter if they swore loyalty to him. Those who surrendered were also expected to speak English, wear English-style dress, remain loyal to the Crown, pay a rent and follow English laws and customs, abjure the Roman Catholic Church, and convert to Henry's new Anglican Church.[1]

Barony of Upper Ossory

Sable a saltire argent, on a chief azure three fleur-de-lis or
Creation date11 June 1541 (first creation)
9 August 1794 (second creation)
Created byHenry VIII (first creation)
George II (second creation)
PeeragePeerage of Ireland
First holderBarnaby Fitzpatrick
Last holderJohn FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory
Remainder toFirst baron's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Extinction date13 February 1818
Former seat(s)Cullahill Castle
Tentore, County Laois
Fermyn Woods Hall, Northamptonshire
Ampthill Park, Bedfordshire
MottoFortis sub forte fatiscet ("The strong will yield to the strong")

The second Baron, also named Barnaby, was raised at Henry's court, as a companion for the future King Edward VI. Edward, who had few friends, became deeply attached to young Barnaby, and their later letters testify to their warm and lasting friendship.[1]

Upper Ossory was the northern third of the formerly larger Kingdom of Osraige.

Barons Upper Ossory; First creation (1541)


Barons Upper Ossory; Second creation (1794)


The title was re-created on 9 August 1794 for the second Earl of Upper Ossory. On his death in 1818, both titles became extinct.

See also



  1. ^ a b Collins, Arthur; Brydges, Sir Egerton (1812). Peerage of England: Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical. Greatly Augmented and Continued to the Present Time. F. C. and J. Rivington. pp. 293–309. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  • Morris, Christopher The Tudors Fontana edition 1966