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Coat of arms of the Neville family

Baron Neville of Raby was a title in the peerage of England, relating to the feudal barony of Raby (in County Durham) and its possession by the Neville family, a noble house from northern England.[1] The centrepiece of the barony, the manor of Raby, was turned into Raby Castle in the 14th century.[2] The title was created several times during the Middle Ages, first as a barony by tenure then as a barony by writ.

The Neville barony of Raby came to existence in the 13th century, by the marriage of Robert fitz Maldred, lord of Raby, a descendant of the Anglo-Saxon king Æthelred the Unready, to Isabel de Neville, the heiress of a Norman-originated family. Their son, Geoffrey fitz Robert, adopted his mother's surname 'Neville' and inherited from his father the feudal barony of Raby, becoming the first "Baron Neville of Raby".[3]

The barony by writ was created when Geoffrey de Neville's great-grandson, Ranulf (or Ralph), the third baron, was summoned to Parliament on 24 June 1295.[4] It was created once again, on 20 November 1459, for John Neville (brother of Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland).[5] His son, Ralph, baron Neville, lated inherited the earldom of Westmorland together with the two previous creations of the barony. The titles remained merged until the attainder of Charles Neville, 6th Earl of Westmorland, in 1571, wherein the barony of Nevill became extinct.[6]

Contents

Baron Neville of Raby, by tenureEdit

For further succession, see below

Baron Neville of Raby (1295), by writEdit

For further succession, see Earl of Westmorland

Baron Neville of Raby (1459), by writEdit

For further succession, see Earl of Westmorland

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Given-Wilson, Chris (1987). The English Nobility in the Late Middle Ages. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-7102-0491-2.
  2. ^ Emery, Anthony (1996). Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, Volume 1: Northern England. Cambridge University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-521-49723-7.
  3. ^ Pollard, A.F. (1894). "Neville, Robert de, second Baron Neville of Raby (d. 1282)" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 40. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 299.
  4. ^ Complete Peerage (1936). G.E. Cokayne; H.A. Doubleday & Lord Howard de Walden (eds.). The Complete Peerage. 9 (2nd ed.). London: St. Catherine Press. p. 497.
  5. ^ a b Complete Peerage 1936, p. 504.
  6. ^ a b Complete Peerage 1936, p. 505.
  7. ^ a b Pollard 1894, p. 299.
  8. ^ a b Pollard 1894, p. 300.
  9. ^ Tuck, Anthony (2008). "Neville, Ralph, fourth Lord Neville (c. 1291–1367)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online). doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19950.
  10. ^ Tuck, Anthony (2008). "Neville, John, fifth Baron Neville (c. 1330–1388)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online). doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19945.
  11. ^ Tait, James (1894). "Neville, Ralph, sixth Baron Neville of Raby and first Earl of Westmorland" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 40. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

External linksEdit