Barmsteine

The Barmsteine are two rock towers, 841 and 851 metres above sea level, in the northernmost part of the Hasel Mountains in the Bavarian Alps. They rise above the Austrian town of Hallein, and lie on the border between Salzburger Land in Austria and Berchtesgadener Land in Germany.

Barmsteine
Barmsteine From Dürrnberg.jpg
Great (left) and Small Barmstein (840 m, right) seen from Dürrnberg.
Highest point
Elevation851 m (2,792 ft)
Isolation0.8 km (0.50 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
Coordinates47°41′12″N 13°04′19″E / 47.68667°N 13.07194°E / 47.68667; 13.07194Coordinates: 47°41′12″N 13°04′19″E / 47.68667°N 13.07194°E / 47.68667; 13.07194
Geography
Parent rangeBerchtesgaden Alps
Geology
Mountain typeBarmstein limestone

GeologyEdit

Geologically, the pinnacles have given their name to the so-called Barmstein limestone (Barmsteinkalk), a turbidite sequence which is part of the Oberalm Formation in the Upper Jurassic rock layer.

Climbing and walkingEdit

Both rock pinnacles are a popular destination, especially for climbers because they are lit by the sun until late in the evening and are easy to get to. The climbing grade of the Small Barmstein is II to III, the Great Barmstein is significantly harder. In addition to the two large pinnacles there are also the Katzenbarmsteine, on the southern arête of the Small Barmstein. Here there is also a boulder park. The Barmsteine may also be easily climbed using rock steps with railings and several places that are secured by cables.[1] On the Small Barmstein this ascent[Note 1] is on the south side. It should not be attempted by anyone suffering from vertigo. For walkers, the ruins of Thürndl Castle, just a little to the east, are also worth visiting.

In January 2008 the southern face of the Small Barmstein was put out of bounds to climbers by the owner, who built a fence here after numerous infringements of the climbing rules.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
Small Barmstein, German-Austrian state border, border post no. 93/2 (1981)[Note 2]

Galleries in the Barmsteine were used by the nearby brewery, Hofbräu Kaltenhausen, to store beer.

Even during the Nazi era the Barmsteine were visibly and invisibly used: in addition to the use of the hidden galleries as a site for the armaments industry, a large, white swastika was painted on the rocks so that it could be easily from the direction of Austria; this was even before the Anschluss of Austria to Germany. After the war it was removed and is no longer really visible today.[3]

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ .The traditional maypole erected on the Bavarian side is lifted up the rock face. – In: Zinnburg: Bad Dürrnberg, p. 40.
  2. ^ View of the Great Barmstein. – The house on the left-hand side of the photo is part of the Gnotschaft Mehlweg, Marktschellenberg.

SourcesEdit

  • Zinnburg, Karl and Kurz, Franz (1980). Bad Dürrnberg. Kurverwaltung, Bad Dürrnberg.[4]
  • Plöchinger, Benno (1984) Zum Nachweis jurassisch-kretazischer Eingleitungen von Hallstätter Gesteinsmassen beiderseits des Salzach-Quertales (Salzburg). In: Geologische Vereinigung (Hrsg.): Geologische Rundschau. Vol 73. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, p. 293-304.[5]
  • Moosleitner, Gero (2004). Fossilien sammeln im Salzburger Land. Ein Führer zu klassischen und neuen Fundstellen. 1. Auflage. Edition Goldschneck, Wiebelsheim, ISBN 3-494-01374-8 (see p. 29 and 149 on the two rocks and Barmstein limestone).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Herbke, Stefan (2005). Die schönsten Panoramatouren zwischen Berchtesgaden und Oberstdorf. Weglänge, Schwierigkeit, Einkehr, Detailkarten und Übersichtskarte. J. Berg, Munich, ISBN 3-7658-4097-1, p. 8.
  2. ^ Gerald Lehner: Sperre des Barmsteins wegen Rowdys. In: salzburg.orf.at, 27 January 2008, accessed on 12 December 2010.
  3. ^ Mariki: On the road with Adolf Hitler. Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (German). In: neon.de, 12 February 2010, accessed on 12 December 2010.
  4. ^ Permalink Österreichischer Bibliothekenverbund.
  5. ^ Permalink Deutsche Nationalbibliothek,
    Permalink Österreichischer Bibliothekenverbund.

External linksEdit