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Barmouth (Welsh: Abermaw (formal); Y Bermo (colloquial)) is a town and community in the county of Gwynedd, north-western Wales, lying on the estuary of the River Mawddach and Cardigan Bay. Located in the Historic county of Merionethshire, the Welsh form of the name is derived from "Aber" (estuary) and the river's name, "Mawddach". The English form of the name is a corruption of the earlier Welsh form 'Abermawdd'.
Barmouth across the Mawddach estuary
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The town is served by Barmouth railway station.
The town grew around the shipbuilding industry, and more recently as a seaside resort. Notable buildings include the medieval Tŷ Gwyn tower house, the 19th century Tŷ Crwn roundhouse prison and St John's Church.
William Wordsworth, a visitor to Barmouth in the 19th century, described it thus: "With a fine sea view in front, the mountains behind, the glorious estuary running eight miles [13 km] inland, and Cadair Idris within compass of a day's walk, Barmouth can always hold its own against any rival."[This quote needs a citation]
Barmouth Bridge, which takes the Cambrian Line over the River Mawddach, was also previously at the end of the Ruabon–Barmouth line, which passed through Bala and Dolgellau. The southern end of the bridge is now the start of the Mawddach Trail, a cycle path and walk way that utilises the old trackbed.
Barmouth is (geographically) one of the closest seaside resorts to the English West Midlands and a large proportion of its tourist visitors, as well as its permanent residents, are from Wolverhampton, Birmingham, Dudley and other parts of the Black Country, and Telford, Shropshire.
Barmouth is the venue for the annual Barmouth Beach Race, a motocross event. Usually taking place on the last weekend in October, the event sees riders take part in beach racing, using a temporary motocross course constructed on the beach. Over 200 riders typically take part in this event, with spectators attending free of charge. The event attracts champion riders from England and Wales.
- Auguste Guyard, (1808–1882 in Barmouth) French educationalist and philosopher who moved to Barmouth upon the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War.
- Fanny Talbot (1824–1917) landowner and philanthropist, donated Cliff of Light (Dinas Oleu in Welsh), to the National Trust.
- Jim Valentine (1866–1904), Rugby Union and Northern Union player for Swinton, killed by lightning in Barmouth 25 July 1904 aged 37.
- Herbert Tudor Buckland, architect (1869–1951) known for his seminal Arts and Crafts Movement houses
- Commander Harold Godfrey Lowe RD (1882–1944) was the fifth officer of the RMS Titanic.
- Major Harold William "Bill" Tilman, CBE, DSO, MC and Bar, (1898–1977) English mountaineer and explorer, renowned for his Himalayan climbs and sailing voyages, lived in Barmouth for many years.
- Adrian Dingle (1911–1974) was a Welsh Canadian painter.
- Johnny Williams, boxer (1926–2007) once both the British and Empire heavyweight champion.
- Tommy Nutter (1943–1992) British tailor, reinvented the Savile Row suit in the 1960s.
- Robert Russell Davies (born 1946) is a British journalist and broadcaster who presents Brain of Britain on BBC Radio 4.
- Charlie (Charlene) Brooks, actress (EastEnders, born 1981).
- "124" (Map). Porthmadog & Dolgellau. 1:50,000. Landranger (in English and Welsh). Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN 978-0-319-26222-1.
- Ayto, John; Crofton, Ian (2005). Brewer's Britain & Ireland. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 76. ISBN 0 304 35385 X.
- "BBC - BBC - Cymru - Y ddylanwad mae'r iaith Saesneg wedi ei gael ar leoedd yng Nghymru". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
- Mills, A. (2003). Oxford Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford University Press.
- "Dinas Oleu Walk, Barmouth". National Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
- "Road trip for storm-hit Barmouth marooned trains". BBC News. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- "RNLI: Barmouth". Retrieved 16 February 2016.
- Dolgellau Old Grammarians Archived 5 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine from Pitchero.com, retrieved 11 March 2015
- WalesDirectory.co.uk retrieved 11 March 2015
- "Three Peaks Yacht Race". threepeaksyachtrace.co.uk. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
- Rhydderch, Anne (1977). Abermaw Barmouth. Caernarfon: Gwynned Archive Services. p. 13. ISBN 9780901337207.
- "Auguste Guyard".
- "Titanic: Grandson tells of officer Harold Lowe who returned for survivors". BBC News. 14 April 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
- Howell, Denis (5 November 2009). "Barmouth to Fort William Three Peaks Yacht Race Prize Giving". yachtsandyachting.com. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
- Etherington-Smith, Meredith (18 August 1992). "Obituary: Tommy Nutter". London: The Independent. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- "Barmouth actress Charlie Brooks to star in 18-week theatre stage tour". Daily Post. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barmouth.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Barmouth.|
- . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). 1911.
- Barmouth community website latest news from Barmouth and historical photo gallery and much more.
- Mawddachestuary.co.uk What's on in Barmouth
- Illustrated Guide to Barmouth
- Sunset at Barmouth and Barmouth Evening by Christopher Williams, painted in 1910s and exhibited at National Library of Wales.
- Aerial photograph of Barmouth
- www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Barmouth and surrounding area