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Barito River is a 890-kilometre-long (550 mi) river with a drainage basin of 100,000 square kilometres (39,000 sq mi) in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, about 900 km northeast of the capital Jakarta.[2] The average discharge of the river is 194,230 cubic feet per second (5,500 m3/s).[3] It originates in the Muller Mountain Range, from where it flows southward into the Java Sea. Its main affluent is the Martapura River, and it passes through the city of Banjarmasin.[4][5][6]

Barito River
Sungai Barito, Sungai Dusun, Soengai Doesoen, River Banjer, Sungi Dunsun, Soengai Baritoe, Barito-rivier, Sungai Banjar, Sungai Banjarmasin, Sungai Banjar Besar
Kahayan River.jpg
Barito and other rivers in Central and South Kalimantan
Barito River is located in Kalimantan
Barito River
Location of river mouth
Barito River is located in Indonesia
Barito River
Barito River (Indonesia)
Location
CountryIndonesia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationMuller Mountain Range
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Java Sea
 ⁃ elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length890 km (550 mi)
Basin size100,000 km2 (39,000 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average5,500 m3/s
Basin features
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftBanjar Kecil River; Negara River; Kuin River; Kuin Kecil River; Alalak River
 ⁃ rightMurung River; Anjir Tamban; Anjir Serapat[1]
Kalimantan is located in Kalimantan
Barito
Barito
Main mouth to Java Sea
Main mouth to Java Sea
Barito River in Kalimantan
A timber raft on the Barito River with housing for the workers (ca.1905-14)

This river is the location of the closest relative of the Malagasy language of Madagascar, the Ma'anyan language of Dayaks, from where settlers arrived in Madagascar (presumably in waves) from the 3rd to 10th century and from which the current island nation's population largely traces its origins.

Contents

GeographyEdit

The river flows in the southeast area of Borneo with predominantly tropical rainforest climate (designated as Af in the Köppen-Geiger climate classification).[7] The annual average temperature in the area is 24 °C. The warmest month is October, when the average temperature is around 26 °C, and the coldest is January, at 20 °C.[8] The average annual rainfall is 2735 mm. The wettest month is December, with an average of 437 mm rainfall, and the driest is September, with 62 mm rainfall.[9]

ImagesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://kalteng.go.id/ogi/viewarticle.asp?ARTICLE_id=1352
  2. ^ Sungai Barito at Geonames.org (cc-by); Last updated 2013-06-04; Database dump downloaded 2015-11-27
  3. ^ Roth; Henry Ling Roth; Hugh Brooke Low (1896). The Natives of Sarawak and British North Borneo. Truslove & Hanson. p. clxi. Original from Harvard University
  4. ^ van Hoëvell, Wolter Robert (1838). Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië (in Dutch). 1. Ter Lands-drukkerij. p. 6.
  5. ^ Buddingh, Steven Adriaan (1861). Neêrlands-Oost-Indië: Reizen over Java, Madura, Makasser, Saleijer, Bima, Menado, Sangier-eilanden, Talau-eilanden, Ternate, Batjan, Gilolo en omliggende eilanden, Banda-eilanden, Amboina, Haroekoe, Saparoea, Noussalaut, Zuidkust van Ceram, Boeroe, Boano, Banka, Palembang, Riouw, Benkoelen, Sumatra's West-Kust, Floris, Timor, Rotty, Borneo's West-Kust, en Borneo's Zuid- en Oost-Kust; gedaan gedurende het tijdvak van 1852-1857 (in Dutch). M. Wijt. p. 442.
  6. ^ Nederlandsch-Indië (1838). "Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-Indië" (in Dutch). 1–2. Lands-drukk.: 6.
  7. ^ Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L; McMahon, T A (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  8. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. 30 January 2016.
  9. ^ "NASA Earth Observations: Rainfall (1 month - TRMM)". NASA/Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission. 30 January 2016.

External linksEdit