Barents–Kara Ice Sheet

The Barents–Kara Ice Sheet was an ice sheet which existed during the Weichselian Glaciation. It is named after the seas it was centred upon: Barents Sea and Kara Sea. The ice sheet covered the Pechora Sea, the southeastern part of the Barents Sea, Novaya Zemlya and the Kara Sea, likely reaching up to Svalbard and Franz Joseph Land in the north. In the continent, it covered from the North Russian Plain to the North Siberian Lowland.[1] During the periods 90–80 ka and 60–50 ka, the produced ice-damming resulted in the creation of lakes and a significant rerouting of drainage in northern Eurasia, including the major rivers Yenisei, Ob, Pechora and Mezen that now flow northwards.[2][3][1][4]


  1. ^ a b Mangerud, J., V. Astakhov and J.-I. Svendsen The extent of the Barents-Kara ice sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum Quaternary Science Reviews, 2002, v.21 111–119.
  2. ^ Jan Mangerud; Martin Jakobsson; Helena Alexanderson; Valery Astakhov; Garry K. C. Clarke; Mona Henriksen; Christian Hjort; Gerhard Krinner; Juha-Pekka Lunkka; Per Möller; Andrew Murray; Olga Nikolskaya; Matti Saarnisto; John Inge Svendsen (2004). "Ice-dammed lakes and rerouting of the drainage of northern Eurasia during the Last Glaciation" (PDF). Quaternary Science Reviews. 23 (11–13): 1313–1332. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2003.12.009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
  3. ^ Jan Mangerud (2008). The Barents-Kara ice sheet coming and going the last 60,000 years. 33rd IGC International Geological Congress.
  4. ^ Polyak, L., V. Gataullin, O. Okuneva and V. Stelle New constraints on the limits of the Barents-Kara ice sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum based on borehole stratigraphy from the Pechora Sea Geology, 2000 v.28(7) 611–614.