Open main menu

Barcelona França railway station

Estació de França (Catalan pronunciation: [əstəsiˈo ðə ˈfɾansə]; Spanish: Estación de Francia; "France Station") is a major railway station in the city of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain.

Barcelona Estació de França
Estació de França Barcelona Catalonia.jpg
Aerial view
LocationAvinguda del Marquès de l'Argentera, Barcelona, Catalonia
Spain
Owned byAdif
Operated byRenfe Operadora
Line(s)
Tracks13
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
Disabled accessYes
History
Opened1848
Traffic
Passengers (2018)2,339,367 (Adif wordmark.svg)[1]

Estació de França is the second busiest railway station of the city after Barcelona-Sants in terms of regional and long-distance ridership. It may lose this status, however, with the arrival of the AVE high-speed train in Sants and the construction of Estació de la Sagrera, planned for completion at the end of 2017, that will concentrate most of the traffic.

HistoryEdit

 
Some of the platforms

A railway station was first built here in the 19th century as the main terminus for trains arriving from France (as its name still suggests) but also for services to North East Catalonia and the Costa Brava.

Rebuilt and reopened for the 1929 International Exhibition, the two monumental buildings that make up the station were designed by the architect Pedro Muguruza and inaugurated by King Alfonso XIII. They surround the railway tracks in the shape of a 'U'. In total, the station's structure is 29 m tall and 195 m long. The station was closed for renovation between from 1988 and 1992, reopening for the Olympic Games of 1992.[2]

ArchitectureEdit

It is generally seen as the city's most beautiful station. It is worth seeing in its own right for the restrained mix of classical and more modern style that is complete with decoration in marble, bronze and crystal and its modernista and art déco motifs. Over the last three decades it has been eclipsed as Barcelona's main station by the underground sprawl of Sants. Indeed, most other stations of Barcelona are at least partly underground.

The station's status as the terminus for international trains from and through France ended with the discontinuation of the overnight 'trenhotels' in 2013, which coincided with the introduction of the new high-speed daytime TGV services to Paris, Toulouse, Lyons and Marseilles, all of which call at or terminate at Sants.

Part of the original building now belongs to Pompeu Fabra University, serving as its "França building".[3]

LinesEdit

 
Façade

The station accommodates twelve tracks and seven platforms. It is the terminus for a number of RENFE services:

The station is often also used as backup terminal when parts of the railway network are undergoing maintenance; the station received a wide variety of services during upgrades to the Aragó tunnel during winter of 2008.

ServicesEdit

LocationEdit

The station is located in the east of the city, down between the docks and the zoo. Although it does not have its own metro station, it is easily accessible: directly on the R10 line through central Barcelona (Sants and Passeig de Gràcia), as well as a good five-minute walk from Barceloneta station on line 4 of the Barcelona Metro.

GalleryEdit

Accidents and incidentsEdit

On 28 July 2017, a train crashed into metal barriers at the station.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Adif - Información de estaciones - Barcelona Estació de França". ADIF. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Barcelona Estació de França". Trens de Catalunya.
  3. ^ "University Campus - Universitat Pompeu Fabra". Archived from the original on October 16, 2007.

External linksEdit