Barbian

Barbian (German pronunciation: [ˈbarbɪan]; Italian: Barbiano [barˈbjaːno]) is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about 15 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of Bolzano.

Barbian
Gemeinde Barbian
Comune di Barbiano
Parish church of Saint James
Parish church of Saint James
Coat of arms of Barbian
Coat of arms
Location of Barbian
Barbian is located in Italy
Barbian
Barbian
Location of Barbian in Italy
Barbian is located in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Barbian
Barbian
Barbian (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol)
Coordinates: 46°36′N 11°31′E / 46.600°N 11.517°E / 46.600; 11.517
CountryItaly
RegionTrentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
ProvinceSouth Tyrol (BZ)
FrazioniKollmann (Colma), St. Gertraud (Santa Gertrude), Saubach
Government
 • MayorErich Mur
Area
 • Total24.4 km2 (9.4 sq mi)
Elevation
836 m (2,743 ft)
Population
 (November 2010)[2]
 • Total1,601
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
DemonymsGerman: Barbianer
Italian: Barbianesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
39040
Dialing code0471
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

As of 30 November 2010, it had a population of 1,601 and an area of 24.4 square kilometres (9.4 sq mi).[3]

Barbian borders the following municipalities: Kastelruth, Lajen, Waidbruck, Ritten, and Villanders.

FrazioniEdit

The municipality of Barbian contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Kollmann (Colma), St. Gertraud (Santa Gertrude), Saubach.

HistoryEdit

Place-nameEdit

The city is mentioned for the first time in 994 as Parpian, the name deriving probably from the Latin personal name Barbius,[4] a name also attested in Venetic inscriptions from the Roman era.

Coat-of-armsEdit

The shield is tierced per fess in argent, vert and sable. In the second level are represented three churches: St. Nicholas, St. Gertrude and St. Magdalene, which are located in the mountains above the village. The sable bottom is crossed by a thin band of argent and gules, symbolizing the customs bar of the village of Kollmann sited in the municipality. The arms were granted in 1970.[5]

SocietyEdit

Linguistic distributionEdit

According to the 2011 census, 97.53% of the population speak German, 1.87% Italian and 0.60% Ladin as first language.[6]

Language 1991 2001[7] 2011[6]
German 94.80% 97.47% 97.53%
Italian 4.56% 2.02% 1.87%
Ladin 0.64% 0.51% 0.60%

Demographic evolutionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. ^ Nomi d'Italia. Novara: Istituto Geografico De Agostini. 2004.
  5. ^ Heraldry of the World: Barbian
  6. ^ a b "Volkszählung 2011/Censimento della popolazione 2011". astat info. Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol (38): 6–7. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  7. ^ Oscar Benvenuto (ed.): "South Tyrol in Figures 2008", Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol, Bozen/Bolzano 2007, p. 16, table 10

External linksEdit

  Media related to Barbian at Wikimedia Commons