Barbaira (French pronunciation: [baʁbɛʁa] (listen); Occitan: Barbairan) is a commune in the Aude department in the Occitanie region of southern France.

Barbaira
The Church of Saint-Julien
The Church of Saint-Julien
Coat of arms of Barbaira
Location of Barbaira
Barbaira is located in France
Barbaira
Barbaira
Barbaira is located in Occitanie
Barbaira
Barbaira
Coordinates: 43°11′09″N 2°30′46″E / 43.1858°N 2.5128°E / 43.1858; 2.5128Coordinates: 43°11′09″N 2°30′46″E / 43.1858°N 2.5128°E / 43.1858; 2.5128
CountryFrance
RegionOccitania
DepartmentAude
ArrondissementCarcassonne
CantonLa Montagne d'Alaric
IntercommunalityCarcassonne Agglo
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jacques Fabre[1]
Area
1
9.40 km2 (3.63 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
777
 • Density83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
11027 /11800
Elevation66–502 m (217–1,647 ft)
(avg. 75 m or 246 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barbairanais or Barbairanaises.[3]

GeographyEdit

Barbaira is located in the Corbières Massif, at the foot of Mount Alaric in the urban area of Carcassonne some 15 km (9.3 mi) east of the city. Access to the commune is by the D6113 road from Floure in the west which passes through the north of the commune and the village before continuing east to Capendu. The A61 autoroute passes through the centre of the commune from west to east but there is no exit in the commune. The nearest exit is Exit   24  some 7 km (4.3 mi) to the west of the commune which links to the D6113. A railway passes through commune and the village from west to east but has no station in or near the commune. The commune is farmland in the north with the slopes of the mountain in the south forested.[4]

The Aude river forms the northern border of the commune as it flows east to join the Mediterranean Sea south-west of Valras-Plage. Several streams rise in the south of the commune and flow north to join the Aude including the Ruisseau de la Pelliere. The Ruisseau de Saint-Jean rises in the far south-east of the commune and flows north then east to join the Ruisseau de la Tuilerie.[4]

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

[4]

HeraldryEdit

The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Blazon:
Azure, a chevron of Or.



AdministrationEdit

List of Successive Mayors[5]

Mayors from the French Revolution to 1936
From To Name
1792 1796 Pierre Agussol
1796 1797 Laurens Marty
1797 1798 Jean Besiat
1798 1800 Pierre Agussol
1800 1806 François Bel
1806 1813 Noël Bel
1813 1816 Pierre Agussol
1816 1818 Pierre Huillet
1818 1819 Jacques Huillet
1819 1821 Jean Baptiste Dalbès
1821 1826 Jacques Cabrié
1826 1829 Jacques Huillet
1829 1830 Louis Pascal Marty
1830 1840 Antoine Bel
1840 1846 Adrien Bel
1846 1869 Philippe Aybram
1869 1870 Pierre Robert
1870 1871 Alcide Jeantet
1871 1876 Pierre Bel
1876 1882 Alcide Jeantot
1882 1884 Maurice Prouzet
1884 1888 Félix Joucla
1888 1892 Maurice Prouzet
1892 1900 Casimir Rigaud
1900 1919 Auguste Robert
1919 1936 François Sarda
Mayors from 1936
From To Name
1936 1944 Etienne Daydé
1944 1953 François Viguier
1953 1965 Jean Vibes
1965 1995 Emile Bacquier
1995 2014 Robert Amouroux
2014 2026 Jacques Fabre

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 750 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 318—    
1800 348+1.30%
1806 360+0.57%
1821 383+0.41%
1831 405+0.56%
1836 401−0.20%
1841 379−1.12%
1846 383+0.21%
1851 405+1.12%
1856 468+2.93%
1861 442−1.14%
1866 457+0.67%
1872 488+1.10%
1876 548+2.94%
1881 578+1.07%
1886 623+1.51%
1891 583−1.32%
1896 566−0.59%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 594+0.97%
1906 578−0.54%
1911 583+0.17%
1921 650+1.09%
1926 647−0.09%
1931 695+1.44%
1936 677−0.52%
1946 558−1.91%
1954 561+0.07%
1962 510−1.18%
1968 512+0.07%
1975 503−0.25%
1982 473−0.87%
1990 474+0.03%
1999 523+1.10%
2007 649+2.73%
2012 745+2.80%
2017 750+0.13%
Source: EHESS[6] and INSEE[7]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

There is a Compressor station for the TIGF natural gas network.[8]

AgricultureEdit

The commune is part of the zone for the qualitative names:

  • Vin de pays des coteaux de Miramont (Vin de Pays from the slopes of Miramont)
  • Vignoble de la Montagne d'Alaric (Vineyards of Mount Alaric) which is part of the Corbières AOC

Culture and heritageEdit

 
Ruins of the Château of Miramont

Civil heritageEdit

  • The remains of the Chateau of Miramont (Middle Ages)  are registered as an historical monument.[9]

Religious heritageEdit

  • The Church of Saint-Julien-Sainte-Basilisse (12th century)  is registered as an historical monument.[10] The Church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:

Notable people linked to the communeEdit

  • Chabert de Barbeira

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Aude (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Google Maps
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  6. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Barbaira, EHESS. (in French)
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  8. ^ TIGF website Archived 2015-01-06 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00102552 Chateau of Miramont (in French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00102553 IA11000076 Church of Saint-Julien-Sainte-Basilisse(in French) 
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000624 Baptismal font (in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM11000623 Statue: Virgin and child (in French)

External linksEdit