Barbès–Rochechouart (Paris Métro)
Barbès–Rochechouart (French pronunciation: [baʁbɛs ʁɔʃ(ə)ʃwaʁ]) is a station on Line 2 and Line 4 of the Paris Métro. Situated at the location where the 9th, 10th and 18th arrondissements all share a border point, the station is at the junction of Boulevard Barbès, named for the revolutionary, Armand Barbès, the Boulevard de Rochechouart, named for the abbess, Marguerite de Rochechouart, Boulevard de la Chapelle and Boulevard de Magenta.
|Paris Métro station|
|Location||Boul. de la Chapelle × Boul. Magenta|
Boul. de la Chapelle × Boul. Barbès
1, Boul. Rochechouart
2, Boul. Rochechouart
45, Boul. de la Chapelle
9th, 10th and 18th arrondissement of Paris
|Opened||31 January 1903(Line 2) |
21 April 1908 (Line 4)
|Previous names||Barbès (1903–1907)|
The station is the former location of the Barrière Poissonnière, a gate in the Wall of the Farmers-General built for the collection of excise taxes (the octroi). The gate was built between 1784 and 1788, and it was demolished in the nineteenth century.
The elevated Line 2 station was opened on 31 January 1903 as Boulevard Barbès station, as part of the extension of Line 2 from Anvers to Bagnolet'(now called Alexandre Dumas). It was renamed to its current name eight days later. Line 2 descends into a tunnel to the west of the station. The underground Line 4 station was opened on 21 April 1908 as part of the first section of the line from Châtelet to Porte de Clignancourt.
The disastrous fire of 10 August 1903 that resulted in eighty deaths at Couronnes station began at Barbès–Rochechouart. During World War II, on 21 August 1941, Pierre Georges and three companions of the French Resistance shot and killed a German naval cadet named Alfons Moser when he was boarding a train at the Barbès station at eight in the morning. The killing was in revenge for the execution of Samuel Tyszelman for taking part in an anti-German demonstration. This was the start of a series of assassinations and reprisals that resulted in five hundred French hostages being executed in the next few months.
On 2 December 2016, a train derailed at the station, with no casualties but blocked traffic for 48 hours on part of the line. The derailment was caused by the fall of an inverter boot from the train, located under the body of car.
In 2019, 7,974,496 travelers entered this station which placed it at the 29th position of the metro stations for its usage.
Access to the Barbès-Rochechouart metro station is located on Boulevard Marguerite-de-Rochechouart, Boulevard Barbès and Boulevard de la Chapelle at the limit of the 9th, 10th and 18th arrondissements of Paris.
|Platform level||Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|Westbound||← toward Porte Dauphine (Anvers)|
|Eastbound||toward Nation (La Chapelle) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|1F||Mezzanine for Line 2 platform connection|
|B1||Mezzanine for Line 4 platform connection|
|Line 4 platforms||Side platform with PSDs, doors will open on the right|
|Northbound||← toward Porte de Clignancourt (Château Rouge)|
|Southbound||toward Mairie de Montrouge (Gare du Nord) →|
|Side platform with PSDs, doors will open on the right|
The two lines have standard configuration stations with two platforms framing the two tracks.
The station of line 2 is elevated, located on a viaduct which ends shortly after leaving the station in the direction of Porte Dauphine. The platforms of line 4 are underground and curved. In the direction of Porte de Clignancourt, it is possible to see the Château Rouge station.
As part of the automation of line 4, its station is being modernized, leading to the removal of its Ouï-dire style. Its platforms have been raised to accommodate landing doors.
- The environment of the station, very cosmopolitan, on the edge of the Goutte d'Or district, is often associated with the immigrants, mainly from North Africa, but also from sub-Saharan Africa. It includes many retail and import businesses and department stores, including the Tati brand.
- Butte Montmartre, to the northwest, attracts many tourists.
- The Barbès market is located on Boulevard de la Chapelle, under the overhead metro viaduct.
- Le Louxor cinema, fully restored in 2013, has a terrace overlooking the metro station.
- The Lariboisière Hospital, establishment of the Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), is to the south-east of the station.
Entrance under Line 2 viaduct
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barbès - Rochechouart (Paris Metro).|
- "Ce jeudi 21 août 1941, 8 heures". L'Humanité. 23 August 1994. Retrieved 6 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Hansen, Randall (2014). Disobeying Hitler: German Resistance After Valkyrie. Oxford University Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-19-992792-0. Retrieved 6 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Métropolitain, station Barbès-Rochechouart". www.pop.culture.gouv.fr. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Trafic annuel entrant par station du réseau ferré 2019". data.ratp.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- Roland, Gérard (2003). Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton.