Barbès–Rochechouart (Paris Métro)

Barbès–Rochechouart (French pronunciation: ​[baʁbɛs ʁɔʃ(ə)ʃwaʁ]) is a station on Line 2 and Line 4 of the Paris Métro. Situated at the location where the 9th, 10th and 18th arrondissements all share a border point, the station is at the junction of Boulevard Barbès, named for the revolutionary, Armand Barbès, the Boulevard de Rochechouart, named for the abbess, Marguerite de Rochechouart, Boulevard de la Chapelle and Boulevard de Magenta.

Barbès–Rochechouart
Paris Métro
Paris Métro station
Barbès - Rochechouart metro station, Paris 7 April 2014 005.jpg
Line 4 platforms, prior to the installation of Platform Screen Doors.
LocationBoul. de la Chapelle × Boul. Magenta
Boul. de la Chapelle × Boul. Barbès
1, Boul. Rochechouart
2, Boul. Rochechouart
45, Boul. de la Chapelle
9th, 10th and 18th arrondissement of Paris
Île-de-France
France
Coordinates48°53′01″N 2°21′02″E / 48.88361°N 2.35056°E / 48.88361; 2.35056Coordinates: 48°53′01″N 2°21′02″E / 48.88361°N 2.35056°E / 48.88361; 2.35056
Owned byRATP
Operated byRATP
Other information
Fare zone1
History
Opened31 January 1903 (1903-01-31) (Line 2)
21 April 1908 (1908-04-21) (Line 4)
Previous namesBarbès (1903–1907)
Services
Preceding station   Paris Métro   Following station
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 2
toward Nation
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 4
Location
Barbès–Rochechouart is located in Paris
Barbès–Rochechouart
Barbès–Rochechouart
Location within Paris

LocationEdit

The station is located at the intersection of four boulevards: Boulevard de Magenta, Boulevard de la Chapelle, Boulevard Barbès and Boulevard Marguerite-de-Rochechouart.

The station is the former location of the Barrière Poissonnière, a gate in the Wall of the Farmers-General built for the collection of excise taxes (the octroi). The gate was built between 1784 and 1788, and it was demolished in the nineteenth century.

HistoryEdit

The elevated Line 2 station was opened on 31 January 1903 as Boulevard Barbès station, as part of the extension of Line 2 from Anvers to Bagnolet'(now called Alexandre Dumas). It was renamed to its current name eight days later. Line 2 descends into a tunnel to the west of the station. The underground Line 4 station was opened on 21 April 1908 as part of the first section of the line from Châtelet to Porte de Clignancourt.

The disastrous fire of 10 August 1903 that resulted in eighty deaths at Couronnes station began at Barbès–Rochechouart. During World War II, on 21 August 1941, Pierre Georges and three companions of the French Resistance shot and killed a German naval cadet named Alfons Moser when he was boarding a train at the Barbès station at eight in the morning. The killing was in revenge for the execution of Samuel Tyszelman for taking part in an anti-German demonstration.[1] This was the start of a series of assassinations and reprisals that resulted in five hundred French hostages being executed in the next few months.[2]

During work carried out in 1987, the Hector Guimard's entrance was transferred to the Bolivar metro station.[3] The station was renovated in 1998.

On 2 December 2016, a train derailed at the station, with no casualties but blocked traffic for 48 hours on part of the line. The derailment was caused by the fall of an inverter boot from the train, located under the body of car.

In 2019, 7,974,496 travelers entered this station which placed it at the 29th position of the metro stations for its usage.[4]

Passenger servicesEdit

AccessEdit

Access to the Barbès-Rochechouart metro station is located on Boulevard Marguerite-de-Rochechouart, Boulevard Barbès and Boulevard de la Chapelle at the limit of the 9th, 10th and 18th arrondissements of Paris.

Station layoutEdit

Platform level Side platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound     toward Porte Dauphine (Anvers)
Eastbound     toward Nation (La Chapelle)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
1F Mezzanine for Line 2 platform connection
Street Level
B1 Mezzanine for Line 4 platform connection
Line 4 platforms Side platform with PSDs, doors will open on the right
Northbound     toward Porte de Clignancourt (Château Rouge)
Southbound     toward Mairie de Montrouge (Gare du Nord)
Side platform with PSDs, doors will open on the right

PlatformsEdit

The two lines have standard configuration stations with two platforms framing the two tracks.

The station of line 2 is elevated, located on a viaduct which ends shortly after leaving the station in the direction of Porte Dauphine. The platforms of line 4 are underground and curved. In the direction of Porte de Clignancourt, it is possible to see the Château Rouge station.

As part of the automation of line 4, its station is being modernized, leading to the removal of its Ouï-dire style. Its platforms have been raised to accommodate landing doors.

Bus connectionsEdit

The station is served by lines 31, 54, 56 and 85 of the RATP Bus Network and, at night, by lines N01, N02, N14 and N44 of the Noctilien network.

NearbyEdit

  • The environment of the station, very cosmopolitan, on the edge of the Goutte d'Or district, is often associated with the immigrants, mainly from North Africa, but also from sub-Saharan Africa. It includes many retail and import businesses and department stores, including the Tati brand.
  • Butte Montmartre, to the northwest, attracts many tourists.
  • The Barbès market is located on Boulevard de la Chapelle, under the overhead metro viaduct.
  • Le Louxor cinema, fully restored in 2013, has a terrace overlooking the metro station.
  • The Lariboisière Hospital, establishment of the Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), is to the south-east of the station.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ce jeudi 21 août 1941, 8 heures". L'Humanité. 23 August 1994. Retrieved 6 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Hansen, Randall (2014). Disobeying Hitler: German Resistance After Valkyrie. Oxford University Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-19-992792-0. Retrieved 6 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Métropolitain, station Barbès-Rochechouart". www.pop.culture.gouv.fr. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Trafic annuel entrant par station du réseau ferré 2019". data.ratp.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  • Roland, Gérard (2003). Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton.