Barak, also spelled Baraq, is a given name of Semitic origin. As a Hebrew name, from the root B-R-Q (Hebrew: ב-ר-ק; Arabic: ب-ر-ق), it means "lightning" and it appears in the Hebrew Bible as the name of an Ancient Israelite general Barak (ברק Bārāq).
The Arabic cognate is بَرْق barq (not to be confused with بَارَك bārak, which is cognate with Hebrew בָּרוּךְ bārûch). The epithet Barcas of the Punic general Hamilcar is derived from the same root, as is the name of Al-Buraq, the miraculous steed of Islamic Mi'raj tradition.
Although the given name is mostly Jewish and found predominantly in Israel, it has occasionally been used by Anglo-Saxon Protestants in the early modern period, when given names from the Hebrew Bible were in fashion, as in the name of Barak Longmate, an 18th-century English genealogist.
Use as a given nameEdit
- Barak Norman (c.1670–c.1740), English musical instrument maker
- Barak Longmate (1738–1793), English genealogist and engraver
- Barak Sopé (born 1955), Vanuatu politician
- Barak Badash (born 1982), Israeli football player
- Barak Yitzhaki (born 1984), Israeli football player
- Barak Bakhar (born 1979), Israeli football player
- Barak Eilam, Israeli businessman
- Barak Moshe (born 1991), Israeli football player
- Barak Sultan (1731—1750), member of the Kazakh Khanate dynasty
Use as a surnameEdit
- Aharon Barak (born 1936), Israeli former President of the Supreme Court of Israel
- Ehud Barak (born 1942), Israeli former prime minister
- Valia Barak (born 1969), Peruvian journalist and television presenter
- Keren Barak (born 1972), Israeli lobbyist and politician
- Boaz Barak (born 1974), Israeli-American computer scientist
- Murtonen, Aimo (1986). Hospers, J.H. (ed.). Hebrew in its West Semitic setting: a comparative survey of non-Masoretic Hebrew dialects and traditions. Leiden: E.J. Brill. ISBN 9789004088993.