Bara District

Bara District (Nepali: बारा जिल्ला About this soundListen ) lies in Province No. 2. It is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Kalaiya as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,190 km2 (460 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 687,708.[1] Bakaiya, Jamuniya, Pasaha, Dudhaura and Bangari are the main rivers of Bara. The main languages spoken in Bara are Bhojpuri, Bajjika, Tharu and Nepali.[2]

Bara District

बारा जिल्ला
A paddy field in Bara District
A paddy field in Bara District
Bara District (dark yellow) in Province No. 2
Bara District (dark yellow) in Province No. 2
Bara District with local level body
Bara District with local level body
Country   Nepal
ProvinceProvince No. 2
Admin HQ.Kalaiya
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Bara
 • Total1,190 km2 (460 sq mi)
 • Total687,708
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)


Simraungadh is major part of Bara district. It is historical place in Nepal. Simraungarh is famous for agriculture product in Nepal. The people grow wheat, corn, different green vegetables (cauliflower, tomato, banana (raw), beetroot, bitter gourd, bottle gourd, brinjal, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, chilli (green), chilli (dry red), Arbi coriander leaves, cucumber, potato and so on).

Bara district is famous for the Gadhimai Temple, particularly as every five years it celebrates the Gadhimai Mela. This festival has historically been celebrated every 5 years by sacrificing animals. In the future animal sacrifice will no longer occur, as temple authorities have decided to convert the festival into a "momentous celebration of life."[3][4]

Geography and ClimateEdit

Climate Zone[5] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 86.6%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.


At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Bara District had a population of 687,708. Of these, 72.0% spoke Bhojpuri, 9.7% Nepali, 7.5% Tharu, 3.8% Maithili, 3.6% Tamang and 1.7% Urdu as their first language.

30.6% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 17.0% Hindi, 3.2% Bhojpuri, 1.0% Urdu and 0.9% Tharu as their second language.[6]


VDC/s and Municipalities (blue) in Bara District

The district consists of two sub-metropolitan cities five urban municipalities and nine rural municipalities. These are as follows:[7]

Former Municipalities and Village Development CommitteesEdit

Prior to the restructuring of the district, Bara consisted of the following municipalities and Village development committees:


Symbiosis Institute of Management (SIM) is situated in district headquarter, Kalaiya which is committed for quality education in Commerce and Education.


  1. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Top 10 languages spoken as mother tongues in Nepal". Code for Nepal. 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
  3. ^ Ram Chandra, Shah. "Gadhimai Temple Trust Chairman, Mr Ram Chandra Shah, on the decision to stop holding animal sacrifices during the Gadhimai festival" (PDF). Humane Society International. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  4. ^ Meredith, Charlotte (29 July 2015). "Thousands of Animals Have Been Saved in Nepal as Mass Slaughter Is Cancelled". Vice News. Vice Media, Inc. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  5. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  6. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  7. ^ "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.

External linksEdit