According to the Roman Ritual, three questions are addressed to the person to be baptized: "Dost thou renounce Satan? and all his works? and all his pomps?" To each of these interrogation the person, or the sponsor in his name, replies: "I do renounce".
- Delaney, Joseph F. (1913). "Baptismal Vows". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
- Delaney (1907), Joseph. "Baptismal Vows." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
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