Baptisia (wild indigo,[2] false indigo) is a genus in the legume family, Fabaceae. They are flowering herbaceous perennial plants with pea-like flowers, followed by pods, which are sometimes inflated. They are native to woodland and grassland in eastern and southern North America. The species most commonly found in cultivation is B. australis.[3]

Baptisia australis - false blue indigo - desc-flower front view.jpg
Baptisia australis
Scientific classification


27–30; see text.

  • Lasinia Raf.

Baptisia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the jaguar flower moth, Schinia jaguarina.


Baptisia comprises the following species:[4][5][6][7]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic statusEdit

The status of the following species is unresolved:[6]

  • Baptisia auriculata Sweet
  • Baptisia lupinoides Burb.
  • Baptisia retusa Raf.


The following hybrids have been described:[6]

  • Baptisia ×bushii Small
  • Baptisia ×variicolor Kosnik, et al. (Baptisia australis × Baptisia sphaerocarpa)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
  2. ^ "Baptisia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  3. ^ A–Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley in association with the Royal Horticultural Society. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  4. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Baptisia". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  5. ^ USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Baptisia". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b c "The Plant List entry for Baptisia". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Baptisia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  8. ^ a b Young AS, Chang SM, Sharitz RR (2007), "Reproductive ecology of a federally endangered legume, Baptisia arachnifera, and its more widespread congener, B. lanceolata (Fabaceae)", Am J Bot, 94 (2): 228–236, doi:10.3732/ajb.94.2.228, PMID 21642225