Banu Udhrah

The Banu Udhrah (Arabic: بني عذرة‎) was a Himyari Jewish tribe during the era of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad which converted to Islam after the Expedition of Ukasha bin Al-Mihsan in 627.[1] During this expedition Muhammad ordered an attack on the Banu Assad bin Qhuzayma to capture spoils.[1][2] The Battle of Tabouk took place in October 630 [3] to attack the Byzantine empire. Mubarakpuri claims that the reason was revenge for the killing of one of Muhammad's ambassadors by a Christian chief of al-Balaqa, which led to the Battle of Mutah. Mubrakpuri claims this was also the reason for the Battle of Tabouk, and that there was a rumour that Heraclius was preparing an attack on the Muslims.[4] William Muir claims Heraclius wanted to prevent the recurrence of Muslim attacks such as the Expedition of Ukasha bin Al-Mihsan against the Banu Udrah tribe.[5] A tribe that was aligned to the Byzantine Empire[6]

The Banu Udhrah members participated in the Battle of the Confederates against the Muslims then they made peace agreement with the Muslims to pay tribute (Jizya).[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 205. (online)
  2. ^ Sa'd, Ibn (1967). Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir,By Ibn Sa'd,Volume 2. Pakistan Historical Society. p. 104. ASIN B0007JAWMK. Then occurred the sariyyah of 'Ukkashah Ibn Mihsan al-Asadl on al-Ghamr.
  3. ^ Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 239. ISBN 978-9960897714.
  4. ^ Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 272.
  5. ^ William, William (10 August 2003). Life of Mahomet. Kessinger Publishing Co. p. 454. ISBN 978-0-7661-7741-3.
  6. ^ R.L. Bidwell (editor), R. (Feb 1996). New Arabian studies, Volume 3. University of Exeter Press. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-85989-479-1.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  7. ^ al-Sam'ani – p 172