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Banu Abd Shams (Arabic: بنو عبد شمس‎) refers to a clan within the Meccan tribe of Quraysh.

Banu Abd-Shams
(Arabic: بنو عبد شمس‎)
Quraysh, Adnanites
LocationMecca, Saudi Arabia
Descended fromAbd Shams ibn Abd Manaf
BranchesBanu Umayya
Banu Rabi'ah ibn Abd Shams
ReligionPaganism and Islam

Contents

AncestryEdit

The clan names itself after Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf, the son of Abd Manaf ibn Qusai and brother of Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf, who was the great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[1]He married Layla bint Asad ibn Abdal-Uzza, she bore four sons, Habib, Rabi'a, Abdul-Uzza, Umayya and one daughter, Ruqayyah.

Banu Rabi'ahEdit

Banu Rabi'ah was a branch that only had a few chiefs, they're:

1. Abu Hudhayfa Qays ibn 'Utba

2. Hind bint Utbah

3. Walid ibn Utbah

4. Utbah ibn Rabi'ah

5. Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa

6. Shaybah ibn Rabi'ah

Connection with the UmayyadsEdit

The clan acts as the parent clan to Banu Umayya sub-clan, the widely known Umayyad dynasty who ruled as the second Islamic Caliphate (661–750) established after Muhammad's death.[2][3] Umayya was the adopted son of Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf.[3] In pre-Islamic Arabia, the clan's chieftain Utba ibn Rabi'ah's daughter Hind bint Utbah was married to Umayyad leader Abu Sufyan ibn Harb.[citation needed]

Modern dayEdit

The clan has its descendants living today in a few cities of Central and Western Arabia.[citation needed]

MembersEdit

The following were members.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Razvi, Haafiz Mohammed Idrees (2009). Manifestations of the Moon Of Prophethood (PDF). Imam Mustafa Raza Research Centre Overport. p. 18. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  2. ^ "Banu Hashim - Before the Birth of Islam". Al-Islam.org. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Muslim Congress". Muslim Congress. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2013.[unreliable source?]