Bantoanon language

Bantoanon[3][4] or Asi is a regional Bisayan language spoken, along with Romblomanon and Onhan, in the province of Romblon, Philippines. Asi originated in the island of Banton, Romblon and spread to the neighboring islands of Sibale, Simara, and the towns of Odiongan and Calatrava on Tablas Island. The Asi spoken in Odiongan is called Odionganon, Calatravanhon in Calatrava, Sibalenhon in Concepcion, Simaranhon in Corcuera, and Bantoanon in Banton.

Native toPhilippines
Native speakers
  • Bantoanon
  • Odionganon
  • Calatravanhon
  • Sibalenhon
  • Simaranhon
Latin (Bantoanon Alphabet)
Baybayin locally known as Suyat (historical)
Language codes
ISO 639-3bno
Bantoanon Language Map.png
Bantoanon language map
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Specifically, it is spoken on the following islands within Romblon:

Linguist David Zorc notes that Bantoanon speakers may have been the first Bisayan speakers in the Romblon region. He also suggests that Asi may have a Cebuan substratum and that many of its words may have been influenced by the later influx of other languages such as Romblomanon.[6]


Bantoanon has fifteen consonant phonemes: p, t, k, b, d, g, m, n, ng, s, h, w, l, r and y. There are three vowel phonemes: a, i/e, and u/o. The vowels i and e are allophones, with i always being used when it is the beginning and sometimes end of a syllable, and e always used when it ends a syllable. The vowels u and o are allophones, with u always being used when it is the beginning and sometimes end of a syllable, and o always used when it ends a syllable.[clarification needed] This is one of the Philippine languages that do not exhibit [ɾ]-[d] allophony.



  Absolutive Ergative Oblique
1st person singular akó nako, ko akò
2nd person singular ikaw, ka nimo, mo imo
3rd person singular sida nida ida
1st person plural inclusive kita nato ato
1st person plural exclusive kami namo amo
2nd person plural kamo ninro inro
3rd person plural sinra ninra inra


  1. ^ [1], more text.
  2. ^ An elusive verbal suffix in Bantoanon - Bruce A. Sommer, Ethnografix Australia]
  3. ^ "Download Tables | ISO 639-3".
  4. ^ [2], Languages of the World.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Zorc, David Paul. The Bisayan Dialects of the Philippines: Subgrouping and Reconstruction. Canberra, Australia: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1977.

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