Banogne-Recouvrance

Banogne-Recouvrance is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France.

Banogne-Recouvrance
The Village Centre
The Village Centre
Coat of arms of Banogne-Recouvrance
Coat of arms
Location of Banogne-Recouvrance
Banogne-Recouvrance is located in France
Banogne-Recouvrance
Banogne-Recouvrance
Banogne-Recouvrance is located in Grand Est
Banogne-Recouvrance
Banogne-Recouvrance
Coordinates: 49°34′23″N 4°07′42″E / 49.5731°N 4.1283°E / 49.5731; 4.1283Coordinates: 49°34′23″N 4°07′42″E / 49.5731°N 4.1283°E / 49.5731; 4.1283
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentArdennes
ArrondissementRethel
CantonChâteau-Porcien
IntercommunalityPays rethélois
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Cyril Carre[1]
Area
1
19.01 km2 (7.34 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
159
 • Density8.4/km2 (22/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
08046 /08220
Elevation80–162 m (262–531 ft)
(avg. 136 m or 446 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Banognais or Banognaises.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
The Hamlet of Recouvrance

Banogne-Recouvrance is located some 20 km north-west of Rethel and 33 km east of Laon. Access to the commune is by the D30 road from Saint-Quentin-le-Petit in the north-west which passes through the centre of the commune and the village and continues south-east to Condé-lès-Herpy. The D35 goes from the village to Le Thour in the south-west. The D135 goes north from the village to join the D2 north of the commune. Apart from the village at the centre of the commune there is the hamlet of Recouvrance to the east. The commune is entirely farmland.[4]

The writer Ernst Jünger remembered his passing through the village as a small village off the main roads, nestled in graceful chalk hills.[5]

Neighbouring communes and villagesEdit

[4]

HistoryEdit

The village is mentioned in cartularies of the 13th century.

In 1570 Banogne is described in the census as attached to the Parish of Thour whose barons and the Hotel Dieu de Reims share the land. A strong ditch surrounded Recouvrance providing a refuge for the inhabitants. A place called Ruisselois was the property of the Abbey of Signy then of the Jesuit college in Reims. A white chalk quarry is operated nearby.

In 1828 these villages were united into one commune with Banogne at the centre (with Le Ruisselois as a hamlet).[6] Recouvrance also became a hamlet.

In 1918 the village was the site of fierce fighting during the Battle of St. Quentin Canal in the last weeks of the war. On 25 October the French army captured the heights of the commune and so seized the last stretch between Saint-Quentin and the Aisne valley of the system of German fortifications from La Fère to Rethel called the Hunding Stellung. Of the 125 houses in the town only 10 remained standing at the end of the fighting. The village and the church were rebuilt in the following decade.

HeraldryEdit

Blazon:

Party per pale Gules and Azure debruised by 3 blades of wheat of Or, in chief the same charged with 3 martlets of Sable.



AdministrationEdit

 
The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[7]

From To Name
2001 2008 Sébastien Loriette
2008 2014 Alain Deparpe
2014 2020 Jean-Luc Guillaume
2020 2026 Cyril Carre

DemographyEdit

In 2017 the commune had 157 inhabitants. The population data given in the table and graph below for 1821 and earlier refer to the former commune of Banogne.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 324—    
1800 368+1.84%
1806 336−1.50%
1821 368+0.61%
1831 690+6.49%
1836 681−0.26%
1841 694+0.38%
1846 715+0.60%
1851 704−0.31%
1866 650−0.53%
1872 613−0.97%
1876 562−2.15%
1881 559−0.11%
1886 563+0.14%
1891 572+0.32%
1896 528−1.59%
1901 536+0.30%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1906 502−1.30%
1911 477−1.02%
1921 273−5.43%
1926 381+6.89%
1931 338−2.37%
1936 353+0.87%
1946 260−3.01%
1954 308+2.14%
1962 265−1.86%
1968 216−3.35%
1975 194−1.52%
1982 166−2.20%
1990 128−3.20%
1999 139+0.92%
2007 154+1.29%
2012 165+1.39%
2017 157−0.99%
Source: EHESS[6] and INSEE[8]
 
An Oratory at Recouvrance

Sites and monumentsEdit

 
The Church

Notable people linked to the communeEdit

  • Ernst Jünger, German writer, he stayed in the hamlet of Recouvrance when he was a young soldier. This hamlet was slightly behind the front (on the German side) in early 1915 and served as a training area. Ernst Jünger devoted several pages to his stay, which preceded his engagement at the front, in his journal Storm of Steel.[5][9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Ardennes (in French)
  4. ^ a b Google Maps
  5. ^ a b Journals of War, Ernst Jünger. Vol. I, 1914-1918. Bibliothèque de la Pléiade. Gallimard. pp.13-15 (in French)
  6. ^ a b Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Banogne-Recouvrance, EHESS. (in French)
  7. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  8. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  9. ^ Banogne-Recouvrance, The test of the Great War and the story of Ernst Jünger (in French)

External linksEdit