High Court Division

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The High Court Division (Bengali: হাইকোর্ট ডিভিশন) popularly identified as 'High Court' is one of the two wings of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the other wing being the Appellate Division. It consists of the Chief Justice of Bangladesh and the Judges of the High Court Division.

High Court Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ সর্বোচ্চ আদালত এর উচ্চ আদালত বিভাগ
বাংলাদেশ সুপ্রীম কোর্টের সিলমোহর.svg
Supreme Court of Bangladesh Logo
LocationRamna, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
Coordinates23°43′51″N 90°24′09″E / 23.730777°N 90.402458°E / 23.730777; 90.402458Coordinates: 23°43′51″N 90°24′09″E / 23.730777°N 90.402458°E / 23.730777; 90.402458
Authorized byConstitution of Bangladesh
Websitewww.supremecourt.gov.bd
Chief Justice of Bangladesh
CurrentlySyed Mahmud Hossain
Since3 February 2018

The High Court Division exercises both original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters. The prime jurisdiction of it is the Writ Jurisdiction, pursuant to which it is empowered under article 102 of the Constitution of Bangladesh to issue writ of certiorari, mandamus, quo warranto, prohibition and habeas corpus.

HistoryEdit

Dhaka High Court (1947 - 1955)Edit

 
Old High Court Building

The High Court of judicature for East Bengal commonly known as the Dhaka High Court was established in 1947 under Pakistan (Provisional Constitutional) Order 1947 as a separate High Court with all Appellate, Civil and Original jurisdictions.[1][2]

East Pakistan High Court (1955 - 1971)Edit

In 1955 the Dhaka High Court became the High Court of East Pakistan and the Supreme Court of Pakistan was established as the apex Court with the appellate jurisdiction to hear the decisions of the High Courts established in the East and West Pakistan.[3]

Until 1967 the High Court was held in the building that now known as the Old High Court Building on Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, opposite the curzon hall, Dhaka. With the construction of a larger facility in the 1960s nearby that now houses the Supreme Court of Bangladesh and Attorney General's office, the High Court was shifted from Old House on 10 July 1967.

Chief Justices (1947 - 1971)Edit

Division of the Supreme Court (1971 - present)Edit

In 1971 East Pakistan became independent Republic of Bangladesh. On 9 January 1972 Bangladesh enacted the Supreme Court of Judicature Act to regularize the judicial system. The Act declared that the Supreme Court of Bangladesh consisted of the Appellate Division and the High Court Division. The High Court Division replaced the Dhaka High Court and Supreme Court of Pakistan was preceded by the Appellate Division.

JurisdictionEdit

Original JurisdictionEdit

The High Court Division can hear a case or suit as Court of first instance.

Appellate JurisdictionEdit

Any law may confer appellate jurisdiction on any matter. For example, CrPC and CPC have conferred on the HCD appellate jurisdiction.

Revisional JurisdictionEdit

Review JurisdictionEdit

Superintendence and Control over Subordinaten CourtsEdit

Transfer of cases from subordinate CourtsEdit

Sitting Permanent Judges of the High Court DivisionEdit

As on June 2021 the list of permanent judges are as follows;

  1. Madame Justice Salma Masud Chowdhury
  2. Justice Muhammad Abdul Hafiz
  3. Justice Dr. Syed Refaat Ahmed
  4. Justice Miftah Uddin Choudhury
  5. Justice A. K. M. Asaduzzaman
  6. Justice Md. Ashfaqul Islam
  7. Justice Zubayer Rahman Chowdhury
  8. Justice Md. Emdadul Huq
  9. Justice Md. Rais Uddin
  10. Justice Md. Emdadul Haque Azad
  11. Justice Md. Ataur Rahman Khan
  12. Justice Syed Md. Ziaul Karim
  13. Justice Md. Rezaul Haque
  14. Justice Sheikh Abdul Awal
  15. Justice S. M. Emdadul Hoque
  16. Justice Mamnoon Rahman
  17. Madame Justice Farah Mahbub
  18. Justice A. K. M. Abdul Hakim
  19. Justice Borhanuddin
  20. Justice M Enayetur Rahim
  21. Madame Justice Naima Haydar
  22. Justice Md. Rezaul Hasan
  23. Justice F. R. M. Nazmul Ahsan[4]
  24. Madame Justice Krishna Debnath
  25. Justice A. N. M. Bashir Ullah
  26. Justice Abdur Rob
  27. Justice Dr. Quazi Reza-Ul Hoque
  28. Justice Md. Abu Zafor Siddique
  29. Justice A. K. M. Zahirul Hoque
  30. Justice Jahangir Hossain
  31. Justice Sheikh Md. Zakir Hossain
  32. Justice Md. Habibul Gani
  33. Justice Gobinda Chandra Tagore
  34. Justice Sheikh Hassan Arif
  35. Justice J. B. M. Hassan
  36. Justice Md. Ruhul Quddus[5]
  37. Justice Md. Khasruzzaman
  38. Justice Farid Ahmed
  39. Justice Md. Nazrul Islam Talukder
  40. Justice M Akram Hossain Chowdhury [6][7]
  41. Justice M Ashraful Kamal
  42. Justice K. M. Kamrul Kader[8][9]
  43. Justice Mohammad Mujibur Rahman Miah
  44. Justice Mostofa Zaman Islam
  45. Justice Mohammadullah
  46. Justice Mohammad Khurshid Alam Sarker
  47. Justice A K M Shahidul Haque
  48. Justice Shahidul Karim
  49. Justice Mohammad Jahangir Hossain
  50. Justice Abu Taher Mohammad Saifur Rahman
  51. Justice Ashish Ranjan Daash[10][11]
  52. Justice Mahmudul Haque
  53. Justice Badruzzaman Badol
  54. Justice Zafar Ahmed
  55. Justice Kazi Md. Ejarul Haque Akondo
  56. Justice Md. Shahinur Islam[12]
  57. Madame Justice Kashefa Hussain
  58. Justice S.M. Mozibur Rahman[13]
  59. Justice Amir Hossain[14]
  60. Justice Khizir Ahmed Choudhury
  61. Justice Razik Al-Jalil
  62. Justice Bhishmadev Chakrabortty
  63. Justice Md. Iqbal Kabir
  64. Justice Md. Salim
  65. Justice Md. Sohrowardi
  66. Justice Md. Abu Ahmed Jamadar[15][16]
  67. Justice A.S.M Abdul Mobin
  68. Justice Md Mostafizur Rahman
  69. Madam Justice Fatema Najib
  70. Justice Md. Kamrul Hossain Molla
  71. Justice SM Kuddus Zaman
  72. Justice Md. Atowar Rahman
  73. Justice Khizir Hayat
  74. Justice Shashanka Shekhar Sarkar
  75. Justice Mohammad Ali
  76. Justice Mohi Uddin Shamim
  77. Justice Md. Riaz Uddin Khan
  78. Justice M Khairul Alam
  79. Justice S.M Moniruzzaman
  80. Justice Ahmed Sohel
  81. Justice Sardar Mohammad Rashed Jahangir
  82. Justice Khondaker Diliruzzaman
  83. Justice KM Hafizul Alam

Sitting Additional Judges of the High Court DivisionEdit

  1. Justice Muhammad Mahbub-Ul-Islam[17]
  2. Justice Shahed Nuruddin
  3. Justice Md Zakir Hossain
  4. Justice Md Akhtaruzzaman
  5. Justice Md Mahmud Hasan Talukder
  6. Justice Kazi Ebadoth Hossain
  7. Justice KM Zahid Sarwar
  8. Justce AKM Zahirul Haque
  9. Madam Justice Kazi Zinat Hoque

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "High Court". Banglapedia. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  2. ^ Government of India Act 1935 as adapted by the Pakistan (Provisional Constitution) Order 1947, S. 219
  3. ^ High Court of West Pakistan (Establishment) Order, 1955 (G.G.O. XIX of 1955), Art. 3
  4. ^ "Appointment of 15 judges regularised". The Daily Star. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  5. ^ "4 HC judges to be sworn in today". The Daily Star. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Jobs of 4 HC judges regularised". The Daily Star. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  7. ^ "4 new Justices sworn in". banglanews24.com. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  8. ^ "News in Brief". The Daily Star. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  9. ^ "HC judges sworn in". bdnews24.com. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  10. ^ "5 addl HC judges sworn in". The Daily Star. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Justice Manik tasked with criminal cases". The Daily Star. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  12. ^ "Newly appointed HC judges take oath". The Daily Star. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  13. ^ "10 HC judges sworn in". The Daily Star. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  14. ^ হাই কোর্টে স্থায়ী হলেন ৮ বিচারক. bdnews24.com (in Bengali). 8 February 2017.
  15. ^ "18 additional HC judges appointed". New Age. 31 May 2018.
  16. ^ "18 HC judges sworn in". The Daily Star. 30 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Nine new HC judges appointed". The Daily Star. 21 October 2019.