Banepa (Nepal Bhasa: भोंत), a municipality and historical town is a valley situated at about 4,800 ft (1,500 m) above sea level in central Nepal which is at about 25 kilometres (16 mi) east from Kathmandu. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, it has a population of 24,764. The main attraction of Banepa is the temple of Chandeshwori, located approximately 1 km (0.62 mi) northeast of the town along the Rudramati River. The Dhaneshwor Temple is 1 km south of the town. Banepa is also known for its eight different temples of Lord Ganesh, Narayanthan (the temple of Lord Narayan), Bhimshenthan (the temple of Lord Bhimshen) and eight different ponds.
भोंदेय् (नेपाल भाषा)
|Province||Province No. 3|
|• Mayor||Mr. Laxmi Narsingh Bade Shrestha|
|• Deputy Mayor||Ms. Rekha Dahal|
|• Executive Officer||Ms. Kamla Giri Bharati|
|• Total||5.56 km2 (2.15 sq mi)|
|• Density||10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:45 (NST)|
Some of the ancient names of Banepa were Banepur, Baniyapur, Banipur . As it had trade relationship with Tibet from ancient period, Banepa is also known as "Bhont", "Bhonta", "Bhon dey(भोंदेय्)". Banepa is the combination of two words i.e. "Bane" means 'Business' and "Pa" means 'Place'. Therefore, "Banepa" means 'Place of Business'.
It is believed that when entire Kathmandu Valley was covered with lake, there was a settlement in Banepa.
By early Lichchavi period (5th-8th century), settlements existed at Sanga (Sangagrama), Banepa (Ninaapa), Nala, Panauti, Khopasi, Palanchowk, Dumja and probably Dolakha, Lele (Lembatidrangga), Chitlang valley and even upto Gorkha. (Slusser, 1982).
Thakuri period (879 – 1200 A.D.) : Bhaktapur and Banepa was the core political area.
Malla Period (1200-1769 A.D.) : King Anandedeva Malla united the scattered villages and made modern Banepa surrounded by eight gates with a Ganesh (the elephant - headed god of good omen) at each of the gates in eight different directions in Kaligat Year 4197 (around 1153 B.S.). He also built a temple of Chandeshwori and arranged a trust fund for the goddess.
The old Newa: town is located at the central part of the City. It is surrounded by 8 ganesh temples with 8 adjacent ponds and Phalchaa(फल्चा). The name of the Ganesh temples are:
- Tukampwo (तुकम्प्वो) Ganesh at South (Temple of Tukampwo Ganesh was established first of all other Ganesh Temple by King Anandadeva Malla after forming new Kingdom of Banepa. It is also the major temple of Banepa.)
- Kobha (कोभः) Ganesh at Southeast
- Waku (वकु) Ganesh at East
- Thachhu (थाछु) Ganesh at North
- Kanthu (कांथु) Ganesh at Northeast
- Kwonla (क्वोंला) Ganesh at Southwest
- Talapukhu (तलाःपुखु) Ganesh at West
- Jyasanani (ज्यासःननी) Ganesh at Northwest
These Ganesh temples are said to be the boundaries of old Banepa. The main temple of Banepa city was Chandeswori Temple along Rudramati River .
Along with this, King Ananda Dev Malla also built wells and taps for providing the people of Banepa with the good source of water. But many of those ponds have been used for public uses and some 'Phalchaa' do not have any existence today.
Need of Study and ResearchEdit
A lot of festivals are celebrated in Banepa as follows:
- Chandeshwori Jatra from Baisakh Purnima to next two days.
- Kanya Pooja (worshipping of the young girls) during Gunla, Krishna Janmasthami
- Nawadurga Jatra
- Ganesh Jatra during Vijaya Dashami
- भीमसेन जात्रा Bhimsen Jatra
- Jaaludyo Jatra (जालुद्याे जात्रा) on the day of Ashwin Krishna Pratipada, the next day of Indra Jatra.
- Naradevi Shvetkali Naach (नरदेवी श्वेतकाली नाच, once in twelve years. It was re-continued after about after 38 years.
- Krishna Janmasthami
Forgotten Festivals of BanepaEdit
Above mentioned festivals are still in practice. But there were many other besides these which had been discontinued due to various reasons. Some of those festivals are listed as follows:
- Kumari Nritya (कुमारी नृत्य) had been discontinued about 108 years ago.
- Jatras of Tukwampo Ganesh
- Narayan and Bhimsen; Bokakhah Jatra(बाेकखः जात्रा) on Axaya Tritiya (अक्षयतृतीया), Karunamaya Jatra were also had been discontinued about 103 years ago.Many other festivals were also discontinued which were forgotten .
Punyamata River, which was the major source of drinking water, irrigation and many other activities, is being polluted day by day. The bank of Punyamata River has been a place where solid wastage has been disposed.The sewage has been connected directly to the river without any treatment and in an unmanaged way has adversely affected the river water. Waste materials produced from local industry have turned the river water black. The surrounding countryside is also being polluted.
Although Banepa is a small place of an area of 5.56 square kilometres (2.15 sq mi), it has got the population density of 4,454 per square kilometre (11,540/sq mi). Due to the connection of Banepa with other places through roadways, about 300 buses, minibuses, cars, trucks, motorcycles altogether are helping in the transportation in a day. Along with this, the gases emitted from those vehicles have polluted the environment of Banepa.
In the boundary of three municipalities of Kavrepalanchowk District, namely; Banepa, Dhulikhel and Panauti, the country's only IT Park is being constructed. All the three cities have been declared as the 'Cyber City'.
Banepa has a Seventh-day Adventist hospital called Scheer Memorial Hospital, which was established in 1957. This hospital has been expanded as a medical college associated with Vanderbilt University in the USA and Kathmandu University. Many students enroll in the B.Sc. Nursing programs at this hospital. Banepa is also the location of the Hospital and Rehabilitation Centre for Disabled Children and Reiyukai Eiko Masunaga Eye Hospital.
Banepa is a major trade route to Tibet, with the Arniko Rajmarg, the only highway that connects Nepal and China (Tibet), running through this town. Furthermore B.P. Koirala Highway also passes through Banepa. Though it is a small town, but it is well devolved and Banepa is the major economic center east of Kathmandu.
To promote local culture, Banepa has two FM radio stations: Radio ABC, which is a Community Radio Station and Prime Fm. This area also has a Television Channel named as Araniko Television.
Schools in Banepa include Himalaya Secondary School, Banepa Valley School (currently known as Baylor International Academy), Vidhya Sagar Secondary School, Bagmati English Boarding School, Rambhakta Memorial School and Kshitij English Boarding School.
- बनेपा स्तवन - ज्ञानकाजी मानन्धर
- बनेपा सात गाउँ - ज्ञानकाजी मानन्धर
- बनेपा स्तवन - ज्ञानकाजी मानन्धर
- "About". Scheer Memorial Adventist Hospital. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
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