Banco Nacional de Bolivia

Banco Nacional de Bolivia S.A. (BNB) (English: National Bank of Bolivia) is a Bolivian bank and financial institution headquartered in Sucre, Bolivia. Founded in 1871, it is one of Bolivia's oldest banks.[2][3] It is also the country's second largest bank by total assets.[4]

Banco Nacional de Bolivia S.A.
Banco Nacional de Bolivia S.A.
TypeSociedad Anónima
BBV: BNB
Grey MarketBNBVY
IndustryBanking, Financial services
Founded1872
HeadquartersSucre, Bolivia
Key people
Pablo Bedoya Sáenz (President)
ProductsConsumer banking, corporate banking, credit cards, investment banking, mortgage loans.
RevenueIncrease Bs. 943 million (2014)[1]
Increase Bs. 336 million (2014)[1]
Increase Bs. 228 million (2014)[1]
Total assetsIncrease Bs. 18.71 billion (2014)[1]
Number of employees
2,033 (2014)[1]
DivisionsBNB SAFI S.A.

BNB Valores S.A.
BNB Leasing S.A.

BNB Valores Perú S.A. SAB
Websitewww.bnb.com.bo

BNB is a full-service financial institution that provides a range of financial products and services to a diversified individual and corporate customer base in all the nine departments of Bolivia, including savings accounts, credit cards, mortgages, commercial loans and investment management. The bank operated through 59 agencies and over 380 ATM's.

The bank is part of BNB Corporacion S.A., a group which comprises also BNB Sociedad Administradora de Fondos de Inversión S.A. (SAFI) (BNB Administrative Society of Investment Funds), active in the investment and administration of funds, BNB Valores (BNB Stocks), a brokerage house, BNB Leasing, a leasing entity, and BNB Valores Perú S.A., Peruvian brokerage company.[5][6][7] The latter makes BNB the only Bolivian-based bank with foreign operations.

HistoryEdit

19th centuryEdit

Banco Nacional de Bolivia was conceived on 1 September 1871 by decree as a financial institution granted to issue banknotes, as well as to offer financial services such as deposits and loans.[8] The bank was established in Cobija, an important port city located in the Litoral Department, Bolivia's only territory with access to the Pacific coast. An additional head office was established in the Chilean city of Valparaíso, and thus BNB had dual legal addresses at the time.

Since its founding, Banco Nacional de Bolivia provided inputs to national development at different stages of its history. The bank began providing financial assistance for the exploitation of nitrates in the Litoral region, particularly guano, used for fertilizer and to make saltpeter for the manufacture gunpowder. The Bolivian Littoral was subsequently annexed by Chile after the War of the Pacific. During the war, the bank loaned Bs. 600,000 to the Government of Bolivia in an effort to maximize the mobilization of the Bolivian Army in the war. Following the loss of the Bolivian Litoral, the bank moved its headquarters to the city of Sucre, where it held its first board of directors meeting. In the following years, the bank expanded its network to the cities of Tarija, La Paz, Cochabamba, Oruro, Potosí and Santa Cruz de la Sierra.

20th centuryEdit

 
A branch of BNB in La Paz, Bolivia.

Banco Nacional de Bolivia issued its own banknotes at a rate of 150% of its capital since its founding.[9] On January 14, 1914, the Central Bank of Bolivia was established by the government, becoming the country's only monetary authority. Despite a central bank was established, Banco Nacional de Bolivia continued to offer significant financial assistance to the government. In 1903, BNB loaned Bs. 150,000 to the state in order to finance the Bolivian campaign of the Treaty of Petrópolis and in 1932, the bank granted US$210,000 of its foreign reserves to support the efforts of the Chaco War.[10][11] In the following decade, BNB expanded its network of branches to all nine departments of Bolivia.

The political instability that continued for the rest of the century presented many challenges to the fledgling Bolivian banking system. After the 1952 Bolivian Revolution, the private sector finally overcame difficulties and challenges imposed by the central regimes and political groups in power. During this period, Banco Nacional de Bolivia, experienced considerable growth and in 1959 it granted a credit loan to the Corporación Boliviana de Desarrollo (Bolivian Development Corporation).[9]

In 1993, Banco Nacional de Bolivia created its first division: "Nacional de Valores S.A.". It is the bank's first brokerage division. Later in 2005, it was rebranded to BNB Valores S.A. (BNB Stocks).[12]

In 1997, Banco Nacional de Bolivia created its second division: "Nacional SAFI S.A.". The division provides investment management services. Later in 2000, it was rebranded to BNB Sociedad Administradora de Fondos de Inversión S.A. (SAFI) (BNB Administrative Society of Investment Funds).[13]

21st centuryEdit

Banco Nacional de Bolivia became one of Bolivia's largest banks. Currently, it is the second-largest bank in Bolivia by assets. BNB is a full-service financial institution that provides a wide range of financial products and services to a diversified individual and corporate customer base in all the nine departments of Bolivia, including savings accounts, credit cards, mortgages, commercial loans and investment management. The bank operates a network of 105 branches and 253 ATM's nationwide.

In 2009, Banco Nacional de Bolivia created its third division: BNB Leasing, a leasing entity offering financial services such as mortgages, machinery and construction equipment leasing and car leasing.[14]

It's also the only Bolivian bank that has a subsidiary outside of Bolivia, specifically in Perú.[15]

OperationsEdit

People BankingEdit

 
Drive-through branch of BNB in La Paz

Consumer Banking is the largest division in the company, and provides a wide range of financial services to consumers and small businesses. The consumer banking network of BNB includes over 100 branches and over 250 ATM's throughout Bolivia:

Business BankingEdit

Banco Nacional de Bolivia offers a wide range of corporate banking services including:

  • Mype Banking: Financial consulting and financing service for working capital or capital goods for micro and small companies.
  • Pyme Banking: Financing service for working capital or capital goods for medium and small companies
  • Corporate: service and products that provide solutions to a company. Includes Checking Account, Safety Box, DPF's, External Guarantee, Guarantee Fund, Ach Transfers, Account Advance and Payment of Services.

GrupoEdit

  • BNB Safi: BNB Safi is an Investment Fund Management Company, offering funds in Bolivians and dollars. Manage the resources of each Investment Fund, investing them in different alternatives, in order to generate attractive returns for the participants.
  • BNB Leasing: Financial leasing is a form of leasing whereby a leasing entity such as BNB Leasing. grants the use, enjoyment and temporary benefit of a certain property to a lessee.
  • BNB Valores: BNB Stock Exchange Agency specialized in stock market operations.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report 2014" (in Spanish). Banco Nacional de Bolivia S.A. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  2. ^ "El Banco Más Antiguo de Bolivia Inauguró Oficinas en Riberalta" (WEB) (in Spanish). Radio Riberalta. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Historia Bancaria de Bolivia (Banking History of Bolivia)" (WEB) (in Spanish). Ariel Abad Nina Chuqimia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Los Más Grandes, Los Mejores" (in Spanish). Revista Independiente. Archived from the original (WEB) on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Productos y Servicios" (WEB). Banco Nacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Equties - Banco Nacional de Bolivia S.A." Financial Times. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  7. ^ "SMV -- Superintendencia del Mercado de Valores -- Accionistas".
  8. ^ "BNB: Somos part de la history de Bolivia" (in Spanish). La Prensa. Archived from the original on 2016-02-16. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Síntesis Histórica" (in Spanish). Banco Nacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  10. ^ "BNB: Historia" (in Spanish). MiraBolivia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  11. ^ "El Banco Nacional de Bolivia crumple 140 años" (in Spanish). Hoy Bolivia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  12. ^ "Nosotros - BNB Valores" (in Spanish). Banco Nacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Nosotros - BNB SAFI" (in Spanish). Banco Nacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  14. ^ "Nosotros - BNB Leasing" (in Spanish). Banco Nacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  15. ^ "BNB Valores Perú".
  16. ^ "Aspectos Institucionales - Productos y Servicios" (in Spanish). Banco Nacional de Bolivia. Archived from the original on 29 July 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  17. ^ "Memoria Annual 2013" (PDF) (in Spanish). Banco Nacional de Bolivia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2015.