Banca Giuratale (Victoria, Gozo)

The Banca Giuratale (Maltese: Banka Ġuratali) is the city hall of Victoria, Gozo, Malta. It was built in the 18th century as the seat of the Università of Gozo, and over the years it housed several government departments and also served as a police station and a post office. The building is currently the seat of the Victoria Local Council and the Gozo Regional Committee, and it also houses the culture and information sections of the Ministry for Gozo.

Banca Giuratale
Banka Ġuratali
Banca Giuratale, Victoria, Gozo 001.jpg
Façade of the Banca Giuratale in 2019
General information
StatusIntact
TypeCity hall
Architectural styleBaroque
LocationVictoria, Gozo, Malta
Coordinates36°2′41.5″N 14°14′20.1″E / 36.044861°N 14.238917°E / 36.044861; 14.238917
Current tenantsVictoria Local Council
Gozo Regional Committee
Ministry for Gozo
Completed1733
Renovated1868 or 1875
OwnerGovernment of Malta
Technical details
MaterialLimestone
Floor count2
Design and construction
ArchitectCharles François de Mondion
Renovating team
ArchitectGiovanni Bonello

HistoryEdit

The Banca Giuratale was originally built in 1733 to house the Università of Gozo,[1] the administrative council which had jurisdiction over the islands of Gozo and Comino.[2] The building was designed by the French architect Charles François de Mondion, and was inaugurated by the Governor of Gozo, Pablo Antonio de Viguier.[1]

In 1798, the Banca Giuratale served as the headquarters of the rebels during the Gozitan uprising against French occupation. The rebels would eventually establish an independent state known as La Nazione Gozitana, which lasted until 1801.[3]

The Università system was abolished by Governor Thomas Maitland in 1819, and the building was subsequently used as a police station, post office, the Public Archives and the Agriculture Department.[2] The building was enlarged to its present form in 1868 or 1875,[1] to a design by Giovanni Bonello.[4] It was included on the Antiquities List of 1925.[5]

From 1961 to 1973, the Banca Giuratale was the seat of the Gozo Civic Council.[6] Since 1994, the building has returned to its original role as a city hall, housing the Victoria Local Council.[1] The Banca Giuratale also houses the culture and information sections of the Ministry for Gozo, and since 2009, it has also been the seat of the Gozo Regional Committee.[7] Exhibitions are regularly held at the building.[8][9]

The Banca Giuratale of Gozo along with that of Mdina was depicted on the Lm2 banknote that was in circulation between 1989 and 2007.[10]

The façade of the Banca Giuratale was restored in 2014.[4]

ArchitectureEdit

The Banca Giuratale is built in the Baroque style, and it is regarded as one of the finest Baroque buildings in Gozo. It was originally a rectangular structure, but in the 19th century an ornate semi-circular façade was added.[1] The original façade still exists within the interior of the building.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "The Council". Victoria Local Council. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "The Banca Giuratale". malta.com. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Sciberras, Sandro. "Maltese History - F. The French Occupation" (PDF). St Benedict College. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b c "HSBC Malta Foundation sponsors Banca Giuratale restoration". Times of Malta. 20 July 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Protection of Antiquities Regulations 21st November, 1932 Government Notice 402 of 1932, as Amended by Government Notices 127 of 1935 and 338 of 1939". Malta Environment and Planning Authority. Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Bezzina, Joseph (19 July 2011). "The rise and fall of Gozo's civic council". Times of Malta. Retrieved 27 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Kumitati Reġjonali". Government of Malta (in Maltese). Archived from the original on 6 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "Mosaic works at Banca Giuratale". Times of Malta. 22 August 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "Briffa works at Banca Giuratale". Times of Malta. 19 May 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Maltese Lira". Central Bank of Malta. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)