Banat of Craiova

The Banat of Craiova or Banat of Krajowa (German: Banat von Krajowa; Romanian: Banatul Craiovei)[1] was a province of the Habsburg Monarchy.[2][3] It was created after the country obtained Oltenia (the western part of Wallachia) in 1718 after a war with the Ottoman Empire. Through this war, the Habsburg Monarchy also conquered Banat and Serbia. Nevertheless, Habsburg rule over Oltenia only lasted two decades. It ended in 1739, when the Ottoman Empire recovered Serbia and Oltenia (which was returned to Wallachia) after the Treaty of Belgrade. Banat was kept by the Habsburg Monarchy and its successors until 1918.[4]

Banat of Craiova
Banat von Krajowa
Banatul Craiovei
Province of the Habsburg Monarchy
1718–1739
Modern coat of arms of Oltenia of Banat of Craiova
Modern coat of arms of Oltenia
Empire Autricien au XVIII. siecle.jpg
The Banat of Craiova shown in the bottom right corner of a French map from 1898
CapitalKrajowa (Craiova)
History 
21 July 1718
18 September 1739
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Wallachia
Wallachia
Today part of Romania

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Heksch, Alexander Franz (1881). Die Donau Von Ihrem Ursprung Bis an Die Mündung: Ein Schilderung Von Land und Leuten Des Donaugebietes (in German). A. Hartleben. pp. 1–791.
  2. ^ Papacostea, Șerban (1971). Oltenia sub stăpînirea austriacă: (1718-1739) (in Romanian). 23. Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România. pp. 1–342.
  3. ^ Mârza, Eva (2014). "Oltenia – un episod editorial imperial (1718-1739)". Revista Transilvania (in Romanian) (5–6): 56–58.
  4. ^ Boia, Lucian (2001). Romania: Borderland of Europe. Reaktion Books. pp. 1–328. ISBN 9781861891037.