Baltic Cup (football)

The Baltic Cup (Estonian: Balti turniir, Latvian: Baltijas kauss, Lithuanian: Baltijos taurė) is an international football competition contested by the national teams of the Baltic statesEstonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Finland has also participated in the event twice as a guest. Though originally held annually the competition has been biennial since 2008. The 2020 tournament was postponed due to COVID-19 pandemic, and took place in 2021. It is one of the oldest national teams football tournaments in Europe after the British Home Championship, and the oldest of the ones still organized.[1]

Baltic Cup
Baltic Cup logo.png
Founded1928
RegionBaltic (UEFA)
Number of teams3
(+ possible guests)
Current champions Estonia
(4th title)
Most successful team(s) Latvia
(13 titles)
2020 Baltic Cup

HistoryEdit

As Estonia had unofficially declared itself the Baltic football champion in 1925, 1926 and 1927 based on matches played with Finland, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland it was decided in 1928 to organize an official tournament. Though Poland and Finland were invited to join, the tournament took place between the three Baltic nations.[2]

The tournament was intended to improve relations between the nations, but intrigues around the organization and budget questions worked against this noble goal. The hosts always did everything to wear out their competitors. In 1933 Lithuanian hosts surprised the officials with a tour to a local brewery in the morning before the Lithuania–Latvia match. The Estonian newspaper Päevaleht reported that the Finnish referee for the match was really jolly, but did a horrible job, mostly favouring the Lithuanian hosts. The rules demanded that at least two wins were necessary to win the championship. Both Lithuania–Estonia and Lithuania–Latvia matches had been drawn but stopped due to darkness. In the team meeting Latvia demanded that Lithuania–Estonia match should be re-played first. Latvia was hoping for an advantage against a tired Lithuanian team in their match. Lithuania and Estonia disagreed, noting that Latvia had won their match against Estonia, so a Latvian win against Lithuania would grant the Latvians the championship and end the tournament. Consensus was not reached and the Latvian team left the same day. The championship was not awarded.[2][3]

The feud led to the cancellation of the 1934 tournament, but the championship returned for the 1935. The rules were changed so that extra matches were now only held between leading teams if they were necessary for deciding on the championship.[4] In 2021, for the 2020 Baltic Cup, Estonia won the Cup after a wait of 83 years.

ResultsEdit

Year Host Champions Runners-up Third place Fourth place
1928   Tallinn   Latvia   Estonia   Lithuania
1929   Riga   Estonia   Latvia   Lithuania
1930   Kaunas   Lithuania   Latvia   Estonia
1931   Tallinn   Estonia (2)   Latvia   Lithuania
1932   Riga   Latvia (2)   Lithuania   Estonia
1933   Kaunas Champion undecided due to disagreements over match times.
1934 Not held due to disagreements over the 1933 competition.
1935   Tallinn   Lithuania (2)   Latvia   Estonia
1936   Riga   Latvia (3)   Estonia   Lithuania
1937   Kaunas   Latvia (4)   Estonia   Lithuania
1938   Tallinn   Estonia (3)   Latvia   Lithuania
1939 Not held due to strained sports-relations between Latvia and Lithuania after a controversial basketball game.
1940–1990 Not held due to Soviet occupation.
1991   Klaipėda   Lithuania (3)   Latvia   Estonia
1992   Liepāja   Lithuania (4)   Latvia   Estonia
1993   Pärnu   Latvia (5)   Estonia   Lithuania
1994   Vilnius   Lithuania (5)   Latvia   Estonia
1995   Riga   Latvia (6)   Lithuania   Estonia
1996   Narva   Lithuania (6)   Estonia   Latvia
1997   Vilnius   Lithuania (7)   Latvia   Estonia
1998   Liepāja
  Valga
  Viljandi
  Lithuania (8)   Latvia   Estonia
2001   Riga   Latvia (7)   Lithuania   Estonia
2003   Tallinn
  Valga
  Latvia (8)   Lithuania   Estonia
2005   Kaunas   Lithuania (9)   Latvia Estonia did not participate due to scheduling conflicts.[5]
2008   Jūrmala
  Riga
  Latvia (9)   Lithuania   Estonia
2010   Kaunas   Lithuania (10)   Latvia   Estonia
2012   Tartu
  Võru
  Latvia (10)   Finland   Estonia   Lithuania
2014   Ventspils
  Liepāja
  Latvia (11)   Lithuania   Finland   Estonia
2016   Klaipėda
  Liepāja
  Tallinn
  Latvia (12)   Lithuania   Estonia
2018   Rakvere
  Riga
  Vilnius
  Latvia (13)   Estonia   Lithuania
2020   Vilnius
  Riga
  Tallinn
  Estonia (4)   Latvia   Lithuania

Medal summaryEdit

As of 2020.[6]
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Latvia1313127
2  Lithuania107926
3  Estonia461525
4  Finland0112
Totals (4 nations)27272680

StatisticsEdit

As of 2020. Including the 1933 tournament, but excluding the replay match played on 5 September 1933.
Rank Team Apps Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1   Latvia 28 55 29 18 8 89 48 +41 105
2   Lithuania 28 55 19 12 24 76 92 −16 69
3   Estonia 27 54 12 13 29 57 84 −27 49
4   Finland 2 4 2 1 1 5 3 +2 7

Top scorers per tournamentEdit

Tournament Name Team Goals
1928   Arnold Pihlak Estonia 3
1929   Voldemārs Plade Latvia 3
  Eugen Einman Estonia
  Eduard Ellman-Eelma Estonia
1930   Ēriks Pētersons Latvia 4
1931   Friedrich Karm Estonia 2
  Eduard Ellman-Eelma Estonia
1932   Alberts Šeibelis Latvia 2
1933   Ēriks Pētersons Latvia 2
1935   Iļja Vestermans Latvia 2
  Antanas Lingis Lithuania
1936   Alberts Šeibelis Latvia 2
1937   Iļja Vestermans Latvia 3
1938   Ralf Veidemann Estonia 2
1991 9 different players - 1
1992   Virginijus Baltušnikas Lithuania 3
1993 5 different players - 1
1994   Valdas Ivanauskas Lithuania 2
1995 11 different players - 1
1996 7 different players - 1
1997 7 different players - 1
1998 4 different players - 1
2001   Marians Pahars Latvia 2
  Vladimirs Koļesņičenko Latvia
2003 9 different players - 1
2005   Igoris Morinas Lithuania 2
2008 4 different players - 1
2010   Mantas Savėnas Lithuania 1
  Artūras Rimkevičius Lithuania
2012   Edgars Gauračs Latvia 3
2014 4 different players - 1
2016   Fiodor Černych Lithuania 2
2018 5 different players - 1
2020   Mattias Käit Estonia 2

All-time top goalscorersEdit

Rank Name Team Goals Tournament(s)
1   Ēriks Pētersons Latvia 9 1930(4), 1931(1), 1932(1), 1933(2) and 1935(1)
2   Antanas Lingis Lithuania 6 1930(2), 1932(1), 1933(1) and 1935(2)
  Eduard Ellman-Eelma Estonia 1929(3), 1931(2) and 1935(1)
  Iļja Vestermans Latvia 1935(2), 1936(1) and 1937(3)
5   Alberts Šeibelis Latvia 5 1932(2), 1933(1) and 1936(2)
6   Arnold Pihlak Estonia 4 1928(3) and 1929(1)
  Eugen Einman Estonia 1929(3) and 1930(1)
  Friedrich Karm Estonia 1930(2) and 1931(2)
  Jaroslavas Citavičius Lithuania 1930(2), 1932 (1) and 1933(1)
  Virginijus Baltušnikas Lithuania 1992(3) and 1995(1)
  Marians Pahars Latvia 1997(1), 1998(1) and 2001(2)
  Igoris Morinas Lithuania 1997(1), 2003(1) and 2005(2)
13   Voldemārs Plade Latvia 3 1929(3)
  Stepas Chmelevskis Lithuania 1928(2) and 1930(1)
  Georg Siimenson Estonia 1936(1) and 1937(2)
  Richard Kuremaa Estonia 1933(1), 1936(1) and 1937(1)
  Voldemaras Jaškevičius Lithuania 1935(1), 1936(1) and 1938(1)
  Vitālijs Astafjevs Latvia 1993(1), 1994(1) and 1995(1)
  Edgars Gauračs Latvia 2012(3)
  Mattias Käit Estonia 2018(1) and 2020(2)

Hat-tricksEdit

Since the first official tournament in 1928, 4 hat-tricks have been scored in over 50 matches of the 28 editions of the tournament. The first hat-trick was scored by Arnold Pihlak of the Estonia, playing against Lithuania on 26 July 1928; and the last was by Virginijus Baltušnikas of Lithuania, playing against Latvia on 12 July 1992. No player has ever scored two hat-tricks is the Baltic Cup and no player has ever scored more than 3 goals in a single Baltic Cup match.

ListEdit

Baltic Cup hat-tricks
# Player G Time of goals For Result Against Tournament Date FIFA
report
1. Arnold Pihlak 3 1', 21', 57'   Estonia 6–0   Lithuania 1928 Baltic Cup 26 July 1928 Report
2. Voldemārs Plade 3 51', 68', 86'   Latvia 3–1   Lithuania 1929 Baltic Cup 14 August 1929 Report
3. Ēriks Pētersons 3 37', 61', 64'   Lithuania 3–3   Latvia 1930 Baltic Cup 17 August 1930 Report
4. Virginijus Baltušnikas 3 28', 31', 79'   Lithuania 3–2   Latvia 1991 Baltic Cup 12 July 1992 Report

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Eiropas vecākā starptautiskā futbola turnīra vēstures līkloči un ceļš pretim jaunai atzinībai". Latvijas futbols. Maijs 2014. Latvijas Futbola federācija. 2014-05-20. Archived from the original on 2016-06-10. Retrieved 2014-05-26.
  2. ^ a b "Eesti välispoliitika Balti suund 1926–1934" (PDF). University of Tartu. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Balti turniir lõppes fiaskoga". dea.digar.ee. Maa Hääl. 6 September 1933. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  4. ^ Allika, Andrus. "Vilniuses algas Balti turniir". Õhtuleht. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  5. ^ "EJL tegi ettepaneku uuendusteks Balti turniiril". Eesti Päevaleht. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Baltic Cup Overview in rsssf.com". almis.sritis.lt. Retrieved 4 June 2018.

External linksEdit