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Ballia district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh division situated in the east of Uttar Pradesh. The main economic activity is agriculture. Ballia City is the district headquarters and commercial market of this district. There are six tehsils in this district: Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairia, Sikandarpur and Belthara. Rasra is the second major commercial area of the district, having a government sugar mill and a cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia's core occupation is agriculture there are some additional small industries. Maniar is known for its bindi industry and is a major supplier.

Ballia district
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
StateUttar Pradesh
Tehsils1. Ballia 2. Bairia 3. Bansdih

4. Belthara Road 5. Rasra

6. Sikanderpur
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBallia, Salempur and Ghosi
 • Total2,981 km2 (1,151 sq mi)
 • Total3,223,642
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Literacy73.82 %
 • Sex ratio933
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways UP SH 1, UP SH-1B, NH 31, UP SH-34
Average annual precipitation1608.9 mm



Religions in Ballia
Religion Percent
Not Available
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Ballia district has a population of 3,239,774,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania[2] or the U.S. state of Iowa.[3] This gives it a ranking of 108th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.73%.[1] Ballia has a sex ratio of 937 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.94%.[1]


Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Indo-Aryan languages group with almost 51,000,000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[4]

Bhojpuri is the most commonly spoken language in the district but some people also use Hindi.


Contribution of Ballia to Hindi Literature is immense as many prominent scholars hail from Ballia such as Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Bhairav Prasad Gupt and Amar Kant. Other notable persons belonging to the district are brother duo Baldev Upadhyaya, famous Sanskrit critic and Krishndev Upadhyaya, Bhojpuri scholar with works in Bhojpuri folk literature and Hindi litterateur Doodhnath Singh and Dr. Rambichar Pandey.[5] Ballia is surrounded by two major river Ganga and Ghaghra (Saryu) that make this land more fertile.

Ballia is also considered as a holy Hindu city. It has big and small temples. Bhrigu temple in Bhrigu Ashram is considered to be a famous temple where Bhrigu Muni was supposed to reside. Bhrigu muni is the one who according to ancient Hindu texts hit Lord Vishnu on his chest. Behind Bhrigu Ashram earlier River Ganga used to flow. Famous Dadri Mela (fair) is still held annually in the winter season and people from all around the Ballia and neighboring districts come here to visit it. It lasts about a month. Ballia is also famous for "Sonadih ka Mela" which is held every year in the month of April for 15 days.


Ballia was the home of some distinguished freedom fighters who fought against the oppressive British imperialist government and managed to liberate the area from the British Raj from Ballia for a few days from 19 August 1942 under the leadership of Chittu Pandey and others. Due to this, the Ballia region is also known as Baaghi Ballia (rebellious Ballia).

Notable political personalities from this district include Ram Nagina Singh, Ex-MP 1952 in Ballia from the Prajatantrik Socialist Party (PSP). Chandra Shekhar, also known as the 'Young Turk' became the 8th prime minister of India on 10 November 1990 and continued till 21 June 1991 (224 days). He was born and brought up in Ibrahimpatti village in Ballia district. He holds the record as the longest-serving member of Lok sabha for Ballia constituency.

Mangal Pandey, the well-known freedom fighter was also from this city and he was the first person to participate in an armed struggle against the British East India Company in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Chittu Pandey, Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, Tripurari Mishra, Gauri Shankar Rai and hundreds of leaders fought for independence during that period. Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, and Gauri Shankar Rai were members of Lok Sabha and are no more. Gauri Shankar Rai was a member of UP Assembly, UP Council and as Member of Indian Parliament.[6]




Ballia has a Humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification: (Cwa) with extremely hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and chilly winter nights and foggy or sunny days from November to February.

Climate data for Ballia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F 101.5 91.0 101.5
Average high °F 115.7 91.0 76.5 118.4
Average low °F 78.4 49.5 67.3
Record low °F 72 78.4 72
Average precipitation inches 0.18 12.17 0.11
Record high °C 38.6 32.8 38.6
Average high °C 46.5 32.8 24.7 48.0
Average low °C 25.8 9.7 19.6
Record low °C 22 25.8 22
Average precipitation mm 4.5 309.2 2.7
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[1]


Tahsils and Nagar Panchayat in Ballia District
Tahsil Nagar Panchayat
Ballia City
  • Ballia Nagar Palika Parishad
  • Chitbara Gaon Nagar Panchayat
  • Premchak Urf Baheri Census Town
  • Middha Census Town
  • Bairia Nagar Panchayat
  • Reoti Nagar Panchayat
  • Bansdih Nagar Panchayat
  • Sahatwar Nagar Panchayat
  • Maniyar Nagar Panchayat
Belthara Road
  • Belthara Road Nagar Panchayat
  • Rasra Nagar Palika Parishad
  • Sikanderpur Nagar Panchayat


The Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia (Hindi: जननायक चन्द्रशेखर विश्वविद्यालय, बलिया) is a state university established in 2016 by the Government of Uttar Pradesh in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh.

It is an affiliating university and it began its first season in 2016-17 with 122 colleges of Ballia. These 122 colleges of Ballia were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. For the 2016-17 academic year, exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia.

Colleges and SchoolsEdit

State CollegesEdit

Subsidized collegesEdit

Self Financed CollegesEdit


Educational CentreEdit

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Mauritania 3,281,634 July 2011 est.
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Iowa 3,046,355
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  5. ^ "BHojpuri Gram-geet". The Eastern Anthropologist. 4–6. 1950. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  6. ^ "57 Res. re. Demise of Rajiv Gandhi and Obituary References". Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  7. ^ Kunwar Convent Senior Secondary School
  8. ^ Nagaji Saraswati Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School

Further readingEdit

  • Singh, Anil Kumar (1985). Ballia District, a Study in Rural Settlement Geography. NGSI Research publication #33. Varanasi, India: National Geographical Society of India. OCLC 13497935.

External linksEdit