Ballia district

Ballia district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh division situated in the east of Uttar Pradesh. The main economic activity is agriculture. Ballia City is the district headquarters and commercial market of this district. There are six tehsils in this district: Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairia, Sikandarpur and Belthara. Rasra is the second major commercial area of the district, having a government sugar mill and a cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia's core occupation is agriculture there are some additional small industries. Maniar is known for its bindi industry and is a major supplier.

Ballia district
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionAzamgarh
HeadquartersBallia
Tehsils1. Ballia 2. Bairia 3. Bansdih

4. Belthara Road 5. Rasra

6. Sikanderpur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBallia, Salempur and Ghosi
Area
 • Total2,981 km2 (1,151 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,239,774
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
104,424
Demographics
 • Literacy73.82 %
 • Sex ratio933
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysUP SH 1, UP SH-1B, NH 31, UP SH-34
Average annual precipitation1608.9 mm
Websitehttp://ballia.nic.in/

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901942,234—    
1911807,912−1.53%
1921793,759−0.18%
1931872,177+0.95%
19411,007,318+1.45%
19511,141,739+1.26%
19611,280,517+1.15%
19711,509,172+1.66%
19811,849,673+2.06%
19912,261,502+2.03%
20012,760,667+2.01%
20113,239,774+1.61%
source:[1]
Religions in Ballia
Religion Percent
Hindus
92.73%
Muslims
6.59%
Christian
0.14%
Buddhist
0.05%
Sikh
0.03%
Jains
0.01%
Not available
0.46%
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Ballia district has a population of 3,239,774,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania[3] or the US state of Iowa.[4] This gives it a ranking of 108th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.73%.[2] Ballia has a sex ratio of 937 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 73.94%.[2]

LanguagesEdit

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 98.97% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 0.94% Urdu as their first language.[5]

Languages include Hindi, Urdu and Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Indo-Aryan languages group with almost 51,000,000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[6]

Hindi is the most commonly spoken language in the district. Many people also use Bhojpuri as their primary language.

English is the main language of communication on electronic and social media like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, Whatsapp, and Google.

CultureEdit

Contribution of Ballia to Hindi Literature is immense as many prominent scholars hail from Ballia such as Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Bhairav Prasad Gupt and Amar Kant. Other notable persons belonging to the district are brother duo Baldev Upadhyaya, Sanskrit critic and Krishndev Upadhyaya, Bhojpuri scholar with works in Bhojpuri folk literature and Hindi litterateur Doodhnath Singh and Dr. Rambichar Pandey.[7] Ballia is surrounded by two major river Ganga and Ghaghra (Saryu) that make this land more fertile.

Ballia is also considered as a holy Hindu city. It has big and small temples. Bhrigu temple in Bhrigu Ashram is a temple where Bhrigu Muni was supposed to reside. Bhrigu muni is the one who according to ancient Hindu texts hit Lord Vishnu on his chest. Behind Bhrigu Ashram earlier River Ganga used to flow. A Dadri Mela (fair) is still held annually in the winter season and people from all around the Ballia and neighboring districts come here to visit it. It lasts about a month. Ballia is also famous for Sudist Baba Ashram which is located near to Raniganj Bazaar, Maharaj baba Ashram [Tiwari ke milki], and one more popular place Sri Khapadia Baba Ashram is located in Sankirtan nagar near to village Sripalpur which is popular religious place. Ballia is also known for "Sonadih ka Mela" which is held every year in the month of April for 15 days.[citation needed]

CuisineEdit

Ballia is famous for its dish, Litti Chokha. It's popularly served in many stalls and restaurants across the city.

Puri of this region is popular because of its large size. It is served in marriages, and other functions.

PoliticalEdit

Ballia was the home of some distinguished freedom fighters who fought against the oppressive British imperialist government and managed to liberate the area from the British Raj from Ballia for a few days from 19 August 1942 under the leadership of Chittu Pandey and others. Due to this, the Ballia region is also known as Baaghi Ballia (rebellious Ballia).

Notable political personalities from this district include Ram Nagina Singh, Ex-MP 1952 in Ballia from the Prajatantrik Socialist Party (PSP). Chandra Shekhar, also known as the 'Young Turk' became the 8th prime minister of India on 10 November 1990 and continued till 21 June 1991 (224 days). He was born and brought up in Ibrahimpatti village in Ballia district. He holds the record as the longest serving member of Lok sabha for Ballia constituency.

Mangal Pandey, the well-known freedom fighter was also from this city and was the first person to participate in an armed struggle against the British East India Company in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Chittu Pandey, Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, Tripurari Mishra, Gauri Shankar Rai and hundreds of leaders fought for independence during that period. Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, and Gauri Shankar Rai were members of Lok Sabha and are no more. Gauri Shankar Rai was a member of UP Assembly, UP Council and as Member of Indian Parliament.[8]

TourismEdit

There are a number of tourist attractions in Ballia, which include:

  • Baraiya Pokhara, Chitbara Gaon
  • Surha Tal Bird Sanctuary
  • Bhirgu Baba Mandir
  • Sri Nath Ji Math (five temples)
  • Shri Mangal Pandey Smarak
  • Ganga River – The most sacred river of the country that starts to widen in Ballia. Ballia is guarded by Ganga from both its northern and southern side which ends up making an arrow head that enters in Bihar.
  • Dadri Mela
  • Vrittikut Aashram - Located in the Pakdi Village of this district
  • Sri Khapadia Baba Ashram - Located in Sripalpur village of district
  • Baba Dham - A famous Lord Shiva Temple in ShubhNathahi village of district
  • Dighar Bazaar - A mystic market located in the district
  • Shri chain Ram baba samadhi asthal sahatwar
  • Brahm Baba sultanpur mudiyari

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Ballia (1981–2010, extremes 1956–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
35.9
(96.6)
42.1
(107.8)
46.5
(115.7)
48.0
(118.4)
47.5
(117.5)
43.0
(109.4)
39.4
(102.9)
37.9
(100.2)
38.1
(100.6)
36.4
(97.5)
34.0
(93.2)
48.0
(118.4)
Average high °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
25.3
(77.5)
31.5
(88.7)
37.0
(98.6)
38.5
(101.3)
36.6
(97.9)
33.3
(91.9)
33.0
(91.4)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
28.6
(83.5)
23.5
(74.3)
31.0
(87.8)
Average low °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
10.3
(50.5)
15.2
(59.4)
20.8
(69.4)
24.6
(76.3)
26.0
(78.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
21.2
(70.2)
14.9
(58.8)
9.1
(48.4)
18.8
(65.8)
Record low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
0.0
(32.0)
5.0
(41.0)
10.8
(51.4)
15.7
(60.3)
16.3
(61.3)
16.4
(61.5)
17.6
(63.7)
17.0
(62.6)
10.4
(50.7)
5.8
(42.4)
1.4
(34.5)
0.0
(32.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.8
(0.19)
7.3
(0.29)
1.0
(0.04)
6.8
(0.27)
18.1
(0.71)
93.8
(3.69)
184.2
(7.25)
178.9
(7.04)
149.8
(5.90)
31.8
(1.25)
6.2
(0.24)
1.7
(0.07)
684.3
(26.94)
Average rainy days 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.6 1.3 3.9 8.4 7.7 5.8 1.0 0.5 0.2 30.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 71 64 54 42 48 61 77 80 80 74 68 73 66
Source: India Meteorological Department[9][10]

DivisionsEdit

Tahsils and nagar panchayats in Ballia District
Tahsil Nagar panchayat
Ballia City
Bansdih
  • Reoti Nagar Panchayat
  • Bansdih Nagar Panchayat
  • Sahatwar Nagar Panchayat
  • Maniyar Nagar Panchayat
Belthara Road
  • Belthara Road Nagar Panchayat
Rasra
  • Rasra Nagar Palika Parishad
Sikanderpur
  • Sikanderpur Nagar Panchayat

UniversityEdit

The Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia (Hindi: जननायक चन्द्रशेखर विश्वविद्यालय, बलिया) is a state university established in 2016 by the Government of Uttar Pradesh in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh. It is an affiliating university and it began its first season in 2016-17 with 122 colleges of Ballia. These 122 colleges of Ballia were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. For the 2016-17 academic year, exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia.[citation needed]

Colleges and schoolsEdit

State collegesEdit

  • Sahid Mangal Pandey Inter College, Nagwa, Ballia

Subsidized collegesEdit

Self-financed collegesEdit

  • Sri Narheji Law College, Narhi, Rasra
  • Jagdish Singh Mahavidyalaya, Dehari, Rasra[11]

SchoolsEdit

  • Sukhpura Inter College, Sukhpura
  • Kidzaura Best Playway School With International Infrastructure[12]
  • Amar Shaheed Bhagat Singh Inter College, Rasra, Ballia
  • Siddhikiya Inter College, Kotwari, Rasra
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Shri Annu Rai Inter College, Chaura, Ballia
  • Sidishwa Gurukul, Kachuhan, Rampur
  • New Central Public Academy Belthara Road
  • Navjeevan English School Belthara Road
  • Kunwar Convent Senior Secondary School[13]
  • Nagaji Saraswati Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School
  • Phoenix International School
  • St. Mary's School
  • Holy Cross School
  • Columbus International School
  • Casterbridge School
  • L. N. National Senior Secondary School, Sikandarpur
  • Sun Beam School
  • Gyan Peethika school
  • Casterbridge School
  • Devsthaly Vidyapeeth
  • Gyan Kunj Academy
  • Holy Child School
  • Holy Cross School
  • Delhi Public Convent School[14]
  • St Xavier's Co-Ed School
  • Seth M.R. Jaipuria Schools
  • Anita Memorial Convent School
  • S.H. Academy Farsatar Belthara Road Ballia
  • S S DEO Inter College Pakdi Ballia
  • Ramrati Singh Balika Inter College, Raghunath Nagar, Karanchhapra, Ballia
  • Golden Public Convent School kishunipur Janari Ballia
  • Krishna Devi public school sahatwar Ballia

Educational centresEdit

  • Click IT Classes - Computer training Institute, Dwarikapuri Colony, Ballia
  • Hindustan Computer Typewriting and Shorthand Institute, Mal Godam Road, Ballia
  • Manasthali Education Centre, Reoti
  • KIDZ Aura Playschool
  • Euro Kids
  • Little Wonder Kidzee School
  • St. Xavier's School Dharahara Ballia
  • RISING SUNS ACADEMY, BHIMPURA NO.1, BALLIA

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Mauritania 3,281,634 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Iowa 3,046,355
  5. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  7. ^ "BHojpuri Gram-geet". The Eastern Anthropologist. 4–6. 1950. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  8. ^ "57 Res. re. Demise of Rajiv Gandhi and Obituary References". parliamentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Station: Ballia Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 73–74. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M212. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  11. ^ Jagdish Singh Mahavidyalaya, Dehari, Rasra
  12. ^ "Kidzaura Best Playway School With International Infrastructure". Kidzaura Best Playway School With International Infrastructure. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Kunwar Convent Senior Secondary School". kcsss.in. Kunwar Convent Senior Secondary School. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Delhi Public Convent School". dpcsballia.com. DPCS Ballia. Retrieved 23 July 2020.

Further readingEdit

  • Singh, Anil Kumar (1985). Ballia District, a Study in Rural Settlement Geography. NGSI Research publication #33. Varanasi, India: National Geographical Society of India. OCLC 13497935.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 28°12′00″N 79°22′00″E / 28.2°N 79.3667°E / 28.2; 79.3667