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Ballia or Baliya district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh division situated in the east of Uttar Pradesh. The main economic activity is agriculture. Ballia City is the district headquarters and commercial market of this district. There are six tehsils in this district: Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairia, Sikandarpur and Belthara. Rasra is the second major commercial area of the district, having a government sugar mill and a cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia's core occupation is agriculture there are some additional small industries. Maniar is known for its bindi industry and is a major supplier.

Ballia district
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
StateUttar Pradesh
Administrative divisionBallia Division
Tehsils1. Ballia 2. Bairia 3. Bansdih

4. Belthara Road 5. Rasra

6. Sikanderpur
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBallia, Salempur and Ghosi
 • Total1,981 km2 (765 sq mi)
 • Total3,223,642
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Literacy73.82 %
 • Sex ratio933
Major highwaysUP SH-1[disambiguation needed], UP SH-1B, NH-31, UP SH-34[disambiguation needed], UP SH-150E
Average annual precipitation1608.9 mm
WebsiteOfficial website



Religions in Ballia
Religion Percent
Not Available
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Ballia district has a population of 3,223,642,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania[2] or the US state of Iowa.[3] This gives it a ranking of 108th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 1,081 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,800/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.73%.[1] Ballia has a sex ratio of 933 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 73.82%.[1]


Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Indo-Aryan languages group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[4]

Bhojpuri is generally spoken by the commoners in the district but the upper-class people use Hindi or Urdu and even English to some extent.


Contribution of Ballia to Hindi Literature is immense as many prominent scholars hail from Ballia such as Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Bhairav Prasad Gupt and Amar Kant. Other notable persons belonging to the district are brother duo Baldev Upadhyaya, famous Sanskrit critic and Krishndev Upadhyaya, (Bhojpuri) scholar with works in Bhojpuri folk literature and Hindi litterateur Doodhnath Singh.[5] Ballia is surrounded by two major river Ganges and Ghaghra (Saryu) that make this land more fertile.

Ballia is also considered as a holy Hindu city. It has big and small temples. Bhrigu temple in Bhrigu Ashram is considered to be a famous temple where Bhrigu Muni was supposed to reside. Bhrigu muni is the one who according to Hindu Mythology hit Lord Vishnu on his chest. Behind Bhrigu Ashram earlier River Ganges used to flow. Famous Dadri Mela (fair) is still held annually in winter season and people from all around the Ballia and neighboring districts come here to visit it. It lasts about a month.Ballia is also famous for "Sonadih ka mela" which is held every year in month of April for 15 days.


Ballia had distinguished freedom fighters who fought against British and managed to finish the British Raj from Ballia for few days from 19 August 1942 Under leadership of Chittu Pandey and others. Due to this, region Ballia also known as Bagi ballia (the rebel Ballia).

Notable political personalities from this district include Ram Nagina Singh, Ex-MP 1952 in ballia (Prajatantrik socialist party). Chandra Shekhar Known as the 'Young Turk' became Prime Minister on Nov. 10, 1990 and continued till June 21, 1991 (224 days). He was the 8th prime minister of the country. He was born and brought up in Ibrahimpatti village in Ballia district and also MP of Ballia when he became the prime minister. He was the longest serving MP of the ballia.

Mangal Pandey, the well known freedom fighter was also from this city and he was the 1st person to fire gun against English Govt.

Chittu Pandey, Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, Tripurari mishra, Gauri Shankar Rai and hundreds of leaders fought for independence during that period. Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey and Gauri Shankar Rai were members of Lok Sabha and are no more. Sri Gauri Shankar Rai was member of UP Assembly, UP Council and as Member of Indian Parliament, he also represented India in UN General Assembly and Addressed UN General Assembly in Hindi, for the first time in history of United Nations.[citation needed]




Ballia has a Humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification: (Cwa) with extremely hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and chilly winter nights and foggy or sunny days from November to February.

Climate data for Ballia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F 101.5 91 101.5
Average high °F 115.7 91 76.5 118.4
Average low °F 78.4 49.5 67.3
Record low °F 72 78.4 72
Average precipitation inches 0.177 12.173 0.106
Record high °C 38.6 32.8 38.6
Average high °C 46.5 32.8 24.7 48.0
Average low °C 25.8 9.7 19.6
Record low °C 22 25.8 22
Average precipitation mm 4.5 309.2 2.7
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[1]


Tahsils and Nagar Panchayat in Ballia District
Tahsil Nagar Panchayat
Ballia City
  • Ballia Nagar Palika Parishad
  • Chitbara Gaon Nagar Panchayat
  • Premchak Urf Baheri Census Town
  • Middha Census Town
  • Bairia Nagar Panchayat
  • Reoti Nagar Panchayat
  • Bansdih Nagar Panchayat
  • Sahatwar Nagar Panchayat
  • Maniyar Nagar Panchayat
Belthara Road
  • Belthara Road Nagar Panchayat
  • Rasra Nagar Palika Parishad
  • Sikanderpur Nagar Panchayat


The Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia (Hindi: जननायक चन्द्रशेखर विश्वविद्यालय, बलिया) is a state university established in 2016 by Government of Uttar Pradesh in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh.

It is an affiliating University and university began its first season in 2016-17 with 122 colleges of Ballia. These 122 colleges of Ballia were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. For academic year 2016-17 exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia.

Colleges and SchoolsEdit

State CollegesEdit

Subsidized collegesEdit

Self Financed CollegesEdit


Educational CentreEdit

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Mauritania 3,281,634 July 2011 est.
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Iowa 3,046,355
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  5. ^ "BHojpuri Gram-geet". The Eastern Anthropologist. 4–6. 1950. Retrieved 25 May 2015.

Further readingEdit

  • Singh, Anil Kumar (1985). Ballia District, a Study in Rural Settlement Geography. NGSI Research publication #33. Varanasi, India: National Geographical Society of India. OCLC 13497935.

External linksEdit