University of Ballarat
The University of Ballarat, or Ballarat University, Australia was a dual-sector university with multiple campuses in Victoria, Australia, including its main Ballarat campus, Melbourne, Sydney, and Adelaide that were authorized by the University to provide diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate programs. The university offered traditional programs, including business, information technology, building and construction, engineering, mining, education, social sciences, nursing, hospitality, and art.
Main campus, Lydiard Street South,
The University of Ballarat's history goes back to the gold rush era of the 1850s. It began as a tertiary school in 1870. In 1970, Founders Theatre was built at the St Helen campus after an appeal was made to commemorate the opening of the school 100 years earlier. The theatre opened in 1981.
The University of Ballarat was formed from a number of varying types of schools. The earliest was the School of Mines in 1870, which subsequently merged with other related organizations. Another was through Ballarat Base Hospital School of Nursing (1888). Ballarat College of Advanced Education was formed in 1976 with what began as a teacher's college in 1926, and Ballarat Institute of Advanced Education, which began in 1967 when it split from the School of Mines.
School of MinesEdit
Tertiary education at Ballarat began with the establishment of the Ballarat School of Mines in 1870, making it Australia's third oldest tertiary institution. Redmond Barry was its first president, and he was involved in the creation of university degree level courses for the school. The School of Mines had two divisions - a tertiary division and a technical division. The tertiary division provided higher education courses such as mining engineering, geology, education and business studies, while the technical division provided such programs as wool classing, plumbing and bricklaying.
The organisation remained in that form until the 1967 when it was split into three institutions, Ballarat School of Industries, Ballarat Technical School, and Ballarat Institute of Advanced Education. They remained three entities until 1976. Ballarat Institute of Advanced Education merged into Ballarat College of Advanced Education. The Ballarat School of Industries and Ballarat Technical School merged into the School of Mines and Industries, Ballarat (SMB) in 1976.
Several entities merged or had arrangements with SMB. In 1994, a memo of understanding (MOU) was signed between SMB and the Ararat Technical School, which was founded in 1969. Then, in 1998, SMB and the Horsham-based Wimmera Institute of TAFE (1984), dating back to 1882,[a] merged into the University of Ballarat to create a larger University.
Ballarat College of Advanced EducationEdit
In 1976, the Ballarat College of Advanced Education (Ballarat CAE) was formed with the merger of the Ballarat Institute of Advanced Education (1967) with the State College of Victoria, Ballarat—that began as Ballarat Teachers' College in 1926.
The Dawkins Revolution of the late 1980s saw a merger of large metropolitan colleges of advanced education with universities, and although the College struggled with the options, it chose to remain as a CAE.[b]
Ballarat University CollegeEdit
Ballarat University College was formed in 1990, and became an affiliated college of the University of Melbourne. Its name was changed to "Ballarat University College, an affiliated College of the University of Melbourne", the actual name used on graduates' testamurs.[c]
Ballarat University College then sought to become a fully-fledged university in its own right when Professor John Sharpham asked the board of BUC why, if Southern Cross University was allowed to separate from the University of New England by becoming a university in its own right, Ballarat should not be allowed to do the same. The Federal Government was lobbied and responded by sending three Vice-Chancellors (one of them, incidentally, being from the University of New England) to Ballarat to consider the matter. The result was favorable and the university college became a university in 1994. Its sole link to the University of Melbourne was that Melbourne would observe the academic standards at the new university for a five-year period.
University of BallaratEdit
The university's English and Academic Preparation (EAP) prepared international students for a university education in Australia and improved student's ability to read, write, speak, and listen to the English language. The Ballarat had five campuses, and it offered traditional university programs, including business, information technology, building and construction, engineering, mining, education, social sciences, nursing, hospitality, and art. In addition to traditional classroom learning, the school offered online learning courses.
According to the university's records, there were 25,810 students consisting of 13,820 higher education students and 11,990 technical and further education students in 2008. Of the total student population, 11,460 students were at the Ballarat campus.[clarification needed] There were 6,145 masters students, as compared to the 6,048 bachelor students. There were 12,481 students located off-campus, based on partnerships with partnership institutions.
The university was a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities. All transcripts issued by the university are accredited by Australian Core Skills Framework and Australian Qualifications Framework.
The school achieved a 5-star rating for teaching quality in the 2013 and 2014 edition of The Good Universities Guide. The same survey showed that graduates gave the school a 4-star rating for its ability to teach general skills, cultural diversity, graduation success, and the aided in their ability to get a job.
Merger to Federation University AustraliaEdit
The university merged with Monash University's Gippsland (Churchill) campus in 2013, and the merged schools are now the Federation University Australia. The name change was made as the result of the passage of the amended University of Ballarat Act 2010 bill through the state's parliament. Its name no longer carries the name of Ballarat, because the intention is not to be limiting geographically. It also wanted to reflect its intention to continue offering education to domestic and international students. Students that were enrolled at the time of the merger and name change were allowed to choose which name they graduate under when the legislation is passed. The name change went into effect on 1 January 2014.
- David Noonan, Australian artist who lives and works in London
- Aunty Donna, absurdist sketch comedy troupe
- Kate Suratin
- Steve Bracks, former Premier of Victoria
- Sandy Blythe, wheelchair basketball player
- Dr. Cyril P. Callister, an Australian chemist and food technologist
- Jacqueline Dark, opera singer
- Keith Hamilton, former Minister for Agriculture and former Minister for Aboriginal Affairs
- William Roy Hodgson, Human Rights Diplomat
- Will Longstaff
- The Wimmera Institute of TAFE was formed in 1984 with the merger of the Stawell Technical School (1926), which dated back to the founding of Stawell School of Design in 1882, and the Horsham Technical School (1958), which began as the Horsham Working Men’s College in 1891.
- Larger metropolitan colleges were opting for mergers with existing universities, such as Chisholm Institute of Technology with Monash University, Melbourne College of Advanced Education with Melbourne University, Philip Institute of Technology with RMIT University, Lincoln Institute of Health Science and Bendigo College of Advanced Education with La Trobe University, and Victoria College and Warrnambool Institute of Advanced Education with Geelong's Deakin University, Ballarat was faced with the prospect of merging with Deakin University, an option the board of Ballarat CAE did not want to accept, arguing in the words of the then director Professor John Sharpham, that "Deakin is not strong" and who attempted to arrange a merger of "equal sides" where Ballarat CAE, Warrnambool IAE, and Deakin would merge to become the University of Western Victoria. Under this arrangement, Ballarat would get 50% of voting power, with Geelong and Warrnambool the other 50%. The proposal was rejected by Deakin, which left Ballarat CAE as the only college in Victoria not to become a university.
- At this point it seemed that BUC would become the Ballarat campus of Melbourne University, which would have given it a sizable rural campus in Western Victoria. This, however, did not eventuate, with some critics suggesting that it was too prestigious.
- "Our History" (PDF). Federation University Australia. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "University of Ballarat Bill" (PDF). Melbourne: L.V. North, Government Printer. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "University of Ballarat, School of Business, Master of Business Administration". MBA Guide. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "Founders Theatre". Federal University Australia. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "University of Ballarat". University English Centers Australia. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "Federation University Australia". www.feduni-syd.iibit.edu.au/. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "The School of Mines and Industries Ballarat - A guide to heritage buildings at the SMB campus in Lydiard Street South, Ballarat" (PDF). The University of Ballarat. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
- Galbally, Ann (1995). Redmond Barry: An Anglo-Irish Australian. Melbourne University Publish. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-522-84516-7.
- Cairns, Nicole (30 September 2013). "Federation University Australia to be launched today". The Courier. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "University of Ballarat Bill" (PDF). Melbourne: L.V. North, Government Printer. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "University of Ballarat becomes Federation University Australia". ABC News. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "Federation University Australia". Australian Universities. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- Tim Cowier (27 June 2013). "University of Ballarat to become Federation University Australia". Retrieved 26 November 2016.
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- "History". Federation University Australia. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "University of Ballarat's name change explained". ABC Australia. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "In The Studio: Artist David Noonan is playing with perception". The Independent. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- Vreeland, Dellaram (22 January 2014). "Ballarat trained comedy troupe Aunty Donna heads overseas". The Courier. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- Campbell, Di (20 December 2005). "Sandy Blythe". University of Ballarat. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- Dorothy Wickham. "Cyril Callister (1893-1949) Industrial Chemist and Food Technologist (Inventor of Vegemite)". Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
- Jacqueline Lisa Dark, Federation University Honour Roll
- Extra Muros, Student Magazine, Ballarat Teachers' College, Volume 2, No. 2, 1955
- Ballarat Teachers' College Graduation Year Book, 1946-1950
- Federation University Australia, formerly University of Ballarat