Baldwin (hamlet), New York

  (Redirected from Baldwin, Nassau County, New York)

Baldwin is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) located in the Town of Hempstead in Nassau County, on Long Island, in New York, United States. The population was 24,033 at the 2010 census.[1]

Baldwin, New York
The Sunrise National Bank Building in Baldwin.
The Sunrise National Bank Building in Baldwin.
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Baldwin, New York is located in New York
Baldwin, New York
Baldwin, New York
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 40°40′12.8″N 73°36′45″W / 40.670222°N 73.61250°W / 40.670222; -73.61250Coordinates: 40°40′12.8″N 73°36′45″W / 40.670222°N 73.61250°W / 40.670222; -73.61250
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau County, New York
TownHempstead
Elevation
23 ft (7.0104 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total24,033
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
11510
Area code(s)516
GNIS feature ID942888
Websitebaldwinchamber.com

HistoryEdit

Original inhabitants of the area between Parsonage Creek near Oceanside and Milburn Creek near Freeport were Native Americans known as the Meroke, or Merrick, a band of Lenape people who were indigenous to most of the South Shore of Long Island. They spoke an Algonquian language and lived in two villages along Milburn Creek.[2]

In 1643, English colonists began to call this area Hick's Neck, after two of Hempstead's early settlers, John Spragg from England and John Hicks from Flushing. They extended Hempstead village south to the salt meadows. The grist mill built by John Pine in 1686 on Milburn Creek attracted more English settlers.[3] They engaged in fishing, farming, marshing, raising longwood, and breeding and raising sheep. Between the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, Hick's Neck continued to grow, becoming a prosperous agricultural area.[4]

The first churches were built in 1810 and 1872, and the first school was built in 1813.[5]

Sometime around the early 19th century Hick's Neck had begun to be called the village of Milburn; the first documented use of the name Milburn was in 1839.[4] In 1855, the village was officially founded as Baldwinsville, named in honor of Thomas Baldwin (1795–1872), a sixth-generation member of the Baldwin family of Hempstead and the leading merchant of Milburn at the time. Baldwin owned a general store named T. Baldwin and Sons. He also had a hotel at what would now be considered the northwest corner of Merrick Road and Grand Avenue. A third enterprise was his sawmill, which he operated by Silver Lake just southeast of the hotel.[6]

In 1867, the South Side Rail Road began operating with a station in Baldwinsville. In 1870, one of Thomas Baldwin's sons, Francis Baldwin, became a member of the New York State Assembly representing Queens County's 2nd District; he later served as the Queens County treasurer.[5] (During this time, Baldwinsville was part of Queens County.) A year later, the name of the village was changed from Baldwinsville to Baldwins by the U.S. Postal Service so as to not confuse it with the village of Baldwinsville in upstate New York. By 1892, by an act of local government, the village was officially named Baldwin.[6]

Shortly after Hempstead separated from Queens County in 1899, people began to move to "Beautiful Baldwin", as it was called by Charles Luerssen, a village realtor. The village had fine boating (sailboats), bathing, and fishing. By 1939, ten years after the opening of Sunrise Highway, Baldwin became the largest unincorporated village in New York State—a title that was lost to Levittown by 1960.[6]

In the 1990 US Census, the area south of Atlantic Avenue was designated as Baldwin Harbor, a hamlet (and census-designated place). Baldwin Harbor remains a part of Baldwin's ZIP code, school district, and library system.

In May 1910, a breakthrough in American aviation history was made in Baldwin. The first all-American monoplane was designed, built, and successfully flown at this location by brothers Arthur and Albert Heinrich. The project was developed at the site now occupied by the Plaza Elementary School on Seaman Avenue and Rockville Drive. In the plane's initial and subsequent models, its unique designs featured controls that were combined into one stick, which allowed the pilot to fly the plane using one hand.

GeographyEdit

 
U.S. Census map

The community is located in the southwest part of Nassau County, on Long Island's South Shore of Long Island.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the hamlet has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), of which 0.34% is water.

ClimateEdit

The climate is borderline between a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa) and a humid subtropical climate (Cfa.) Average monthly temperatures in the village centre range from 31.9° F in January to 74.8° F in July. [1] The local hardiness zone is 7b.

DemographicsEdit

There were 1,200 people in the community of Baldwin in 1882,[8] 1,500 in 1890, 5,000 in 1920,[8] 12,000 in 1930, 15,000 in 1940, and 31,630 in 1980.[9]

2010 CensusEdit

As of the census[10][11] of 2010, there were 23,455 people, 7,868 households, and 6,081 families residing in the village. The population density was 7,954.4 per square mile (3,069.8/km2). There were 7,999 housing units at an average density of 2,712.8/sq mi (1,046.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 39.8% Non-Hispanic White, 34.6% African American, 20.2% Hispanic or Latino, 4.2% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.02% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 8.2% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races.[12]

There were 7,868 households, out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the community, the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the community was $72,456, and the median income for a family was $79,400. Males had a median income of $52,069 versus $41,496 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,114. About 1.1% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under the age of 18, and 2.1% of those aged 65 or over.

2000 CensusEdit

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 23,455 people, 7,868 households, and 6,081 families residing in the village. The population density was 7,954.4 per square mile (3,069.8/km2). There were 7,999 housing units at an average density of 2,712.8/sq mi (1,046.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 67.3% White, 17.9% African American, 10.6% Hispanic or Latino, 1.1% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 4.60% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races.

There were 7,868 households, out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the community, the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the community was $71,456, and the median income for a family was $78,400. Males had a median income of $51,069 versus $40,496 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $28,114. About 3.3% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under the age of 18, and 7.1% of those aged 65 or over.

Parks and recreationEdit

Baldwin is home to many public parks, including Coes Neck Park, Lofts Pond Park, Milburn Pond Park, and Silver Lake Park (which is also in Oceanside).[7]

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

PublicEdit

Baldwin is served primarily by the Baldwin Union Free School District. However, small parts are also served by the Oceanside UFSD, Rockville Centre UFSD, Roosevelt UFSD, and Uniondale UFSD. Additionally, a portion of the Freeport UFSD crosses into the hamlet but the area only includes Milburn Pond Park.[7][13] Children who reside within Baldwin and attend public schools go to school in one of these districts depending on where in the hamlet they live.[7][13]

PrivateEdit

Baldwin is also home to one Catholic school: St. Christopher's.[14]

Library districtEdit

Baldwin is located within the boundaries of the Baldwin, Freeport, Oceanside, Rockville Centre, Roosevelt, and Uniondale Library Districts.[7] The borders of each district within the hamlet roughly correspond with those of each school district.[7]

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

The Baldwin Long Island Rail Road station is located in the hamlet.[7][15] It is on the LIRR's Babylon Branch.[15]

RoadEdit

Major roads which pass through the hamlet include:

UtilitiesEdit

Natural gasEdit

National Grid USA provides natural gas to homes and businesses that are hooked up to natural gas lines in Baldwin.[16][17]

PowerEdit

PSEG Long Island provides power to all homes and businesses within Baldwin.[16][18]

Notable peopleEdit

The soldiers who were posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor:

First Lieutenant Bernard J. Ray deliberately gave his life to spare his men of Company F, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division on November 17, 1944 in the Hurtgen Forest.

Specialist Five John J. Kedenburg (BHS '64) was serving with a long-range reconnaissance team of South Vietnamese irregular troops while a member of the U.S. Army 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne). When his group came under attack and was encircled by a battalion-size North Vietnamese Army force, Kedenberg conducted a rear-guard action which allowed his group to break out of their encirclement and move to a landing zone. While in the landing zone, Kedenberg directed the defense of the L-Z and ultimately gave up the last chance of evacuation to one of his Vietnamese comrades.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Baldwin CDP, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
  2. ^ "Hick's Neck: The Story of Baldwin – 1. The Birth of Baldwin Archived 2007-11-24 at the Wayback Machine". Baldwin Fire Department. baldwinfd.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  3. ^ "Hick's Neck: The Story of Baldwin – 2. From Settlement to Revolution Archived 2016-05-06 at the Wayback Machine". Baldwin Fire Department. baldwinfd.com. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  4. ^ a b "Hick's Neck: The Story of Baldwin – 3. Into the 1800s, part I Archived 2018-07-27 at the Wayback Machine". Baldwin Fire Department. baldwinfd.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  5. ^ a b "Baldwin History". Baldwin Public Library. June 16, 2011. Section, "The History of Your Home Town by Helen MacDonough". Archived from the original on 2015-07-11. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  6. ^ a b c Baldwin Chamber of Commerce: History and Mission Statement Archived 2012-09-02 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Long Island Index: Interactive Map". Long Island Index Maps. Long Island Index.
  8. ^ a b "Hick's Neck: The Story of Baldwin – 4. Into the 1800s, part II Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine". Baldwin Fire Department. baldwinfd.com. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  9. ^ "Hick's Neck: The Story of Baldwin – 5. 1900 to the Present Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine". Baldwin Fire Department. baldwinfd.com. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  10. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "U.S. Census website". census.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Baldwin, New York (NY) profile". city-data.com.
  13. ^ a b "Composite School District Boundaries Shapefiles". NCES. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  14. ^ "Home". Church of St. Christopher, Baldwin, NY. Retrieved 2021-08-03.
  15. ^ a b "MTA LIRR - Baldwin". lirr42.mta.info. Retrieved 2021-08-03.
  16. ^ a b "Long Island Utility Information - LIPA, Nat Grid, & Local Water Authorities". LongIsland.com. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  17. ^ "Natural Gas & Electricity | National Grid". www.nationalgridus.com. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
  18. ^ "Home Page - PSEG Long Island". www.psegliny.com. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
  19. ^ "Chris Weidman UFC Bio". Retrieved 2014-01-01.
  20. ^ Lyall, Sarah (July 18, 1993). "'Amongst Friends' Tops Off a Journey Of Self-Discovery". The New York Times. p. 10. Retrieved September 18, 2008.

External linksEdit