Balanga, officially the City of Balanga (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Balanga; Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Balanga) is a 4th class city and the capital city of the province of Bataan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 96,061 people.
|City of Balanga|
From top, clockwise: Plaza Mayor de Balanga, Balanga City Hall, Balanga Cathedral, and Wetland Park Information Center
Bataan University Town,
Bataan Capital City
Map of Bataan with Balanga highlighted
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Cityhood||December 30, 2000|
|Barangays||25 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Francis S. Garcia|
|• Vice Mayor||ViancaLita V. Gozon|
|• Congressman||Jose Enrique S. Garcia III|
|• Electorate||65,350 voters (2016)|
|• Total||111.63 km2 (43.10 sq mi)|
|• Density||860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)47|
|Climate type||Tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||4th city income class|
|Revenue (₱)||574.3 million (2016)|
Balanga City is primarily a residential-agricultural city, with a rapidly growing commercial sector. It has a total land area of 11,163 hectares (8.13% of Bataan). It borders Pilar to the south, Abucay to the north, Morong to the west, and Manila Bay to the east.
Balanga, the capital of Bataan, was formerly a village of Abucay before it was established as a mission of the Dominican Order in the Provincial Charter of April 21, 1714, and later declared a vicariate on April 18, 1739, under the patronage of Saint Joseph. Upon the establishment of Bataan as a separate province in 1754, Balanga was made its capital by General Pedro Manuel Arandia due to its favorable location, at the heart of the new territorial jurisdiction.
The word Balanga originates from the Kapampangan word "balañga" (clay pot, or "bang" in Tagalog), which the town used to produce and which were among the best that can be found in the country.
The city has extended its urban fringe to the west of Roman Superhighway and a new growth center in Barangay Tuyo has been delineated in the Comprehensive Land Use Plan. During the past years, the city saw a high record of residential growth. Consequently, with the expansion of the physical limits of the urban core, as well as the expected large increases in population, and the city's attractiveness to commercial and employment activities, the City Government of Balanga decided to undertake a Master Planning exercise and to propose various developmental projects that would establish Balanga as a well-planned community with quality and character that is innovative and special, although this is currently hindered by an unreliable electricity supply.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
The population of Balanga in the 2015 census was 96,061 people, with a density of 860 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,200 inhabitants per square mile.
City government and politicsEdit
Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines", the political seat of the municipal government is located at the City Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo is the Chief Executive who holds office in the Presidencia. During the period of American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones, hold office at the Municipal Town or City Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Panglungsod (Session Hall) and the Regional and Metropolitan Trial Courts, respectively, and are located in the second floor of the City Hall and in the Halls of Justice.
- Mayor: Francis S. Garcia (National Unity)
- Vice Mayor: ViancaLita V. Gozon (National Unity)
- Noel Valdecañas
- Jett Nisay
- Vic Baluyot
- Elmo Sanchez
- Hubert Pizarro
- Karl Paguio
- Joy Panganiban
- Carding Magpantay
- Tony Tranate
- Benjie Meriño
The City administration envisions the City of Balanga as U-Town, a World Class University Town in 2020 (City Ordinance No. 21, Series of 2008, "Declaring the eighty point forty-two (80.42) hectares at the city's central district as University Town in the City of Balanga, Bataan").
Balanga listed a 'Record-Breaking' P6B Investments In 2012. Balanga City won the 1st Robredo ICT Awards.
Balanga City is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.
|Town Proper Barangays||Peripheral Barangays||Coastal Barangays||Lowland Barangays||Upland Barangays|
|Tomas B. Gallardo||1901–1903|
|Antonio Tuason Sr.||1907–1909|
|Amado de Leon||1909–1912|
|Andres de Leon||1912–1916|
|Jose P. Banzon||1916–1919|
|Antonio Tuason Sr. (2nd Term)||1928–1931|
|Venacio Banzon (2nd Term)||1931–1934|
|Mariano Batungbacal (2nd Term)||1942–1943|
|Carlos Y. Gonzales||1944–1945|
|Mariano Herrera (2nd Term)||1945–1946|
|Jose N. Gonzales||1946–1947|
|Pedro R. Dizon||1948–1951|
|Faustino V. Vigo||1952–1955|
|Pedro R. Dizon (2nd Term)||1956–1959|
|Teodoro Camacho III||1968–1971|
|Teodoro R. Alonzo||1980–1986|
|Teodoro Camacho III (2nd Term)||1986–1987|
|Melanio S. Banzon Jr.||1988–1998|
|Albert S. Garcia||1998–2004|
|Melanio S. Banzon Jr. (2nd Term)||2004–2007|
|Jose Enrique Garcia III||2007–2016|
Landmarks and places of interestEdit
- SM City Balanga with Toy Kingdom (Opening in late December 2019 & early January 2020)
- Balanga Wetland Park
- "Ibong Dayo" Festival in Barangay Tortugas (December 4–7)
- Plaza Mayor de Balanga
- Bataan Capitol Compound
- Bataan Peninsula State University
- Bataan World War II Museum
- Galleria Victoria Mall
- The Plaza Hotel Balanga City
- GAP Plaza Hotel
- La Vista Balanga Inland Resort
- Center Plaza Mall
- Balanga Public Market
- Balanga Cathedral
- Capitol Square Mall Balanga
- Fall of Bataan Marker
- Balanga Surrender Site Marker
- Divine Mercy Shrine of Diocese Balanga
- Hillside Garden Mansions, Munting Batangas, Roman Superhighway
Balanga City as seen from the top of Mount Samat
- Bataan Doctors Hospital
- Bataan General Hospital
- Bataan Women's Hospital
- Isaac Catalina Medical Center
- Centro Medico de Santisimo de Rosario
- St. Joseph Hospital
Balanga City is the educational center of the province of Bataan. It currently has one public university and several private colleges offering various courses such as accountancy, business administration, computer science and information technology, elementary and secondary education, engineering, and health professions like nursing and midwifery.
Bataan Peninsula State University is the lone state university in the city. It operates two campuses in the city: the main campus, which is located in the capitol compound, and the Balanga City campus, which is located in downtown area.
The other private colleges in the city include Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies and EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology), both located in Barangay Ibayo, Bataan Heroes Memorial College located in Bataan Provincial Expressway, Microcity Computer College located at Capitol Drive and St. Joseph's College in upper Tuyo.
Other higher educational institutions in the city of Balanga include: AMA Computer Learning Center, Balanga; Philippine Women's University, CDCEC Bataan; Bataan Maritime Institute, Cupang Balanga; and Proclesia International Inc.
The city is also host to the biggest public secondary school in the province, the Bataan National High School. The other notable public secondary schools in the city are the laboratory high school of Bataan Peninsula State University, and the Bataan Integrated School.
Notable Private secondary schools in the city include the high school departments of Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies, Bataan Infant Jesus School, Bataan Montessori School, Inc., Tomas del Rosario College and St. Joseph Colleges of Balanga.
Mayor Jose Enrique Garcia III's noted 2,050 scholars of the University Town of the Peninsula Foundation, Inc. which earned P10 million from private donors and per the December 2012 Balanga UTown Musical Mini-Series musical.
- Julian Banzon, Filipino biochemist and National Scientist of the Philippines.
- Albert Garcia, 24th Governor of Bataan, former representative of Bataan's Second District, and former Mayor of Balanga.
- Jose Enrique S. Garcia III, current representative of Bataan's Second District, and former Mayor of Balanga.
- Romi Garduce, first Filipino to climb the Seven Summits.
- Chito Jaime, Filipino professional basketball player who plays for the Muntinlupa Cagers of the Maharlika Pilipinas Basketball League and the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Luz Magsaysay, wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and the seventh First Lady of the Philippines.
- Pedro Tuazon, former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (1946-1954) and former Solicitor General of the Philippines (1936-1938).
- Janine Mari Tugonon, first runner-up of Miss Universe 2012
- Oscar Cruz, archbishop-emeritus of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines.
- Elisse Joson, Filipina actress, endorser, model and businesswoman
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- Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "City Profile – City of Balanga".
- NSCB – 2001 Factsheet – 12 New Cities Created, July–December 2000.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Bataan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Philippines : Gov.Ph : About the Philippines :". www.gov.ph. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY". www.chanrobles.com.
- "City Government of Balanga - PROGRAMS/PROJECTS". Archived from the original on 2013-03-23. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- "City of Balanga – Balanga… Kahanga hanga".
- "Increase in number of migratory birds in Balanga recorded - Lifestyle Features, The Philippine Star - philstar.com".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2013-02-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "PIA - Philippine Information Agency - Balanga City foundation earns P10M for scholars". Archived from the original on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2013-02-05.