Balad (Arabic: بلد), also transliterated Beled or Belad, is a city in Saladin Governorate, Iraq, 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of the national capital, Baghdad. It is the capital of Balad District. Located between the towns of Al Dhuluiya, Yathrib and Ishaqi, Balad's inhabitants belong to farmers work mainly in grape farms, fig trees, and citrus growers.
|Elevation||52 m (171 ft)|
In the later months of 2014 the city was besieged by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant forces, which were easily repelled by the Shia citizens of the city and the Iraqi government security forces
During the Iraq WarEdit
In 2007 the mayor, Amir Abdul Hadi, escaped an assassination attempt.
The largest military air base in Iraq, formerly LSA Anaconda, Balad Air Base, or Al-Bakir Air Base, is located within the municipality of Yethrib near Balad. As of early 2007 the base was the central hub for airlift and US Air Force operations in Iraq; it was also a major transshipment point for US Army supply convoys.
On the outskirts of Balad proper is a tiny forward operating base called Balad Joint Coordination Center (formerly FOB Paliwoda). Over the years, FOB Paliwoda had been occupied by 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, and 3rd Squadron 4th US Cavalry in an effort to create a joint effort between coalition and local forces.
On the 7 July 2016, militants from the Islamic State attacked the tomb of Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi, the son of Ali al-Hadi and the brother of Hasan al-Askari. According to Reuters citing Iraqi security forces, "at least 20 people were killed and 50 others wounded on Thursday evening in an attack on a Shi'ite mausoleum north of Baghdad". A suicide car bomb blew up at the external gate of the mausoleum, allowing several gunmen to storm the site and start shooting at pilgrims on a visit on the occasion of the Eid al-Fitr festival.
- التعداد السكاني لقضاء بلد بحسب أحصاء عام 2015
- Gazetteer of Iraq (Defense Mapping Agency, 1990), p. 86.
- Iraq's Balad braced for battle with ISIL: Residents told to stock up on food and fuel as government forces confront group over control of strategic areas, Al Jazeera, Dec. 10, 2014.
- Ellen Knickmeyer, "In Balad, Age-Old Ties Were 'Destroyed in a Second'", The Washington Post, Monday, October 23, 2006.
- Sabrina Tavernise, Iraq Removes Leaders of Special Police, The New York Times, October 18, 2006.
- Balad mayor escapes assassination, National Iraqi News Agency, April 3, 2007.
- At least 35 killed in attack on Shi'ite mausoleum north of Baghdad, Reuters, July 8, 2016.