Balakros (Greek: Bάλακρoς), also Balacrus, the son of Nicanor, one of Alexander the Great's "Somatophylakes" (bodyguards), was appointed satrap of Cilicia after the Battle of Issus, 333 BC. He succeeded to the last Achaemenid satrap of Cilicia, Arsames.
|Years of service||fl. 333 – 323 BC|
|Rank||Somatophylakes (bodyguard) Of Alexander the Great|
Satrap of Cilicia
|Battles/wars||Asia Minor campaigns|
|Spouse(s)||Phila of Macedonia|
Balacrus is among several Hellenistic satraps who continued to use an Achaemenid type for their coinage, complete with the local deity of Tarsus, Baal. His coinage bore his name, and later only his initial "B". This coinage is said to have influenced Alexander's imperial coinage, which was initially minted in the same mints. The Imperial coinage of Alexander is often said to have been started in Tarsos circa 333–327, under the rule of either Balacrus or Menes.
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- Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, ii. 12
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- Mildenberg, Leo (2000). On the so-called satrapal coinage. p. 10 and Note 8.
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This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Balacrus (1)". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. p. 454.