Bala Murghab

Bala Murghab (Persian/Pashto: بالامرغاب‎) is a city in the Badghis Province of northwestern Afghanistan, located on the Murghab River. It is the district center for the Bala Murghab District. Bala Murghab is the largest city of Badghis Province, while Bala Murghab District, with a population of 109,381, is also the most populous district of the province. Close to Bala Murghab lie the ruins of the medieval city Marw al-Rudh, the historical capital of the medieval region of Gharjistan. As of January 2020, it is heavily contested by Taliban and Afghan National Security Forces.[1]

Bala Murghab

بالامرغاب
Bala Morghab.JPG
Bala Murghab is located in Afghanistan
Bala Murghab
Bala Murghab
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 35°34′49″N 63°19′40″E / 35.58028°N 63.32778°E / 35.58028; 63.32778Coordinates: 35°34′49″N 63°19′40″E / 35.58028°N 63.32778°E / 35.58028; 63.32778
Country Afghanistan
ProvinceBadghis Province
DistrictBala Murghab District
Government
 • TypeTribal
 • MayorMuhammad Lewal
Elevation
1,555 ft (474 m)
Time zone+ 4.30

HistoryEdit

Marw al-Rudh was a major medieval city in the Gharjistan region at the location of the modern city of Bala Murghab. The Abbasid-era geographers report that Marw al-Rudh was the center of a flourishing agricultural region in Khorasan, at the site where the Murghab River leaves the mountains and enters the steppe of the Karakum Desert. A section of the Harbiyya district of the Round city of Baghdad was named Marwrūdiyya (مرورودية) after the city of Marw al-Rudh.[2] Although the town appears to have escaped the destruction of Marw al-Shahijan (modern Mary, Turkmenistan) by the Mongols, it fell into ruins under the Timurids and was largely abandoned.[3]

ClimateEdit

With a warm and temperate climate, Bala Murghab features a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa) under the Köppen climate classification. The average temperature in Bala Murghab is 16.1 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 326 mm.

July is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 28.6 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 3.6 °C.

Climate data for Bala Murghab
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
9.7
(49.5)
16.2
(61.2)
22.7
(72.9)
29.5
(85.1)
35.3
(95.5)
37.2
(99.0)
35.4
(95.7)
30.8
(87.4)
24.4
(75.9)
17.5
(63.5)
11.5
(52.7)
23.2
(73.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
5.0
(41.0)
10.6
(51.1)
16.3
(61.3)
21.4
(70.5)
26.4
(79.5)
28.6
(83.5)
26.8
(80.2)
21.8
(71.2)
16.0
(60.8)
10.5
(50.9)
6.0
(42.8)
16.1
(60.9)
Average low °C (°F) −1.4
(29.5)
0.3
(32.5)
5.0
(41.0)
9.9
(49.8)
13.3
(55.9)
17.5
(63.5)
20.1
(68.2)
18.3
(64.9)
12.8
(55.0)
7.7
(45.9)
3.6
(38.5)
0.6
(33.1)
9.0
(48.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hassan, Sharif; George, Susannah; Salahuddin, Sayed (January 29, 2020). "Afghan forces rescue more than 60 hostages from Taliban prison in night raid". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 31, 2020. In all, 62 prisoners were freed from the compound in Bala Murghab, a district of Badghis province heavily contested by Taliban forces.
  2. ^ Kennedy, H. "BAGHDAD i. Before the Mongol Invasion – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Encyclopaedia Iranica Online. Retrieved 24 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Bosworth 1991, pp. 617–618.
  4. ^ "Climate:Bala Murghab - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 9 September 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Wallace, Kevin (2013). "To hell and back: The Bala Murghab saga" (First ed.). Idaho: U.S. Air Force.
  • Golembesky, Michael (2014). Level zero heroes: the story of U.S. Marine Special Operations in Bala Murghab, Afghanistan (First ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9781250030405.

External linksEdit