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Baku Oblast is an administrative-territorial unit of the Azerbaijan SSR that existed in 1952–1953. The administrative center is the city of Baku. Baku, Azerbaijan’s largest city and the most important industrial city in Transcaucasia, is located on this peninsula, as are other industrial towns, including Sumqayıt. Baku is a large and attractive city situated on natural terraces running down to a gulf of the Caspian Sea. The city has a 2-mile- (3.2-kilometre-) long picturesque boulevard and many historic sites.
17-18 centuries Persia and Ottoman Turkey fought over the territory of Azerbaijan. 18th century in the second half, at least 15 khanates existed here (Karabakh, Qubos, Şəki and others), which were mainly influenced by Persian political influence. 18th century at the end of the 19th century in the beginning, Russia also started expansion into Transcaucasia. In 1803, it captured Ganja, 1803–05 – Karabakh and Şəki khanates. According to the peace treaty of Gülüstan (1813), Russia received the khanates of Baku, Derbent, Ganja, Karabakh, Qubo, Şəki, Şirvan and Talish, and according to the peace treaty of Turkmenchai (1828) - the entire north of Azerbaijan. Persia was left with the southern part of Azerbaijan (the so-called Iranian, or Southern, Azerbaijan). The territory of Azerbaijan that came to Russia was divided into Baku and Yelizavetpol (former Ganja) governorates.
The Baku region (along with the Ganja region ) was formed on April 3, 1952, in the course of an experiment to introduce regional division within the union republics of Transcaucasia . The Baku region was located in the eastern part of the republic and was divided into 32 districts: Ali-Bayramli, Astarinsky, Astrakhan-Bazarsky, Akhsuinsky, Jebrailsky, Divichinsky, Zhdanovsky, Zangelansky, Imishli, Ismayilli, Kazi-Magomedsky, Karyaginsky, Konakhkendsky, Kubatlynsky, Kubinsky, Kusarsky , Kurdamir, Lachin, Lankaran, Lerik, Marazin, Massalin, Pushkin, Saatli, Sabirabad, Salyan, Khachmas, Khizin, Khila, Khudat, Shemakhinskiy and Yardimli.
After 1 year, the experiment was declared unsuccessful, and the region was abolished (by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 23, 1953).
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