Bakhytzhan Sagintayev

Bakhytzhan Abdiruly Sagintayev (Kazakh: Бақытжан Әбдірұлы Сағынтаев, Baqytjan Äbdırūly Sağyntaev; born 13 October 1963) is a Kazakh politician who was a Prime Minister of Kazakhstan, from 9 September 2016 until his resignation on 21 February 2019.[1][2] He has since 28 June 2019 served as the Äkim of Almaty.

Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
Bakytzhan Sagintayev (2018-11-01).jpg
Sagintayev in 2018
State Secretary of Kazakhstan
In office
1 March 2019 – 24 March 2019
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Preceded byGulshara Abdykhalikova
Succeeded byMarat Tazhin
Head of the Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan
In office
24 March 2019 – 28 June 2019
PresidentKassym-Jomart Tokayev
First DeputyDarhan Kaletaev
Preceded byAsset Issekeshev
Succeeded byKrymbek Kusherbayev
9th Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
9 September 2016 – 21 February 2019
Acting: 8 September 2016 – 9 September 2016
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
First DeputyAskar Mamin
Preceded byKarim Massimov
Succeeded byAskar Mamin
First Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
16 January 2013 – 8 September 2016
Prime MinisterSerik Akhmetov
Karim Massimov
Preceded byKrymbek Kusherbayev
Succeeded byAskar Mamin
Head of the Prime Minister's Office
In office
11 December 2007 – 30 September 2008
Prime MinisterKarim Massimov
Preceded byYerbol Orynbayev
Succeeded byYerbol Orynbayev
Gabidulla Abdrakhimov
Minister of Regional Development
In office
16 January 2013 – 6 November 2013
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterSerik Akhmetov
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byBolat Zhamishev
Minister of Economic Development and Trade
In office
20 January 2012 – 24 September 2012
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterKarim Massimov
Preceded byKairat Kelimbetov
Succeeded byErbolat Dosaev
Äkim of Pavlodar Region
In office
30 September 2008 – 20 January 2012
Preceded byKairat Nurpeisov
Succeeded byErlan Aryn
7th Äkim of Almaty
Assumed office
28 June 2019
Preceded byBauyrjan Baibek
First Deputy Chairman of Nur Otan
In office
24 September 2012 – 16 January 2013
ChairmanNursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byNurlan Nigmatulin
Succeeded byBauyrjan Baibek
Personal details
Born (1963-10-13) 13 October 1963 (age 58)
Usharal, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
(now Kazakhstan)
Political partyNur Otan
Children2
Alma materKazakh National University

Early life and educationEdit

Sagintayev was born in the village of Usharal. His father, Abdyr Sagintayev (1921–1986), was a World War II veteran who worked as the director of the Talas Sheep Breeding Plant.[3]

In 1985, Sagintayev graduated from the Kazakh State University with a degree in economics. That same year, he became a lecturer at the Department of Political Economy of the Alma-Ata Institute of National Economy. From 1988 to 1992, he worked at the Kazakh State University, where he went from an assistant to an assistant professor of sociology. After Kazakhstan's independence from the Soviet Union, Sagintayev was engaged in entrepreneurial activity.[3]

Political careerEdit

In 1998, he was appointed as deputy akim of the Jambyl Region. From 1999 to 2002, Sagintayev served as deputy chairman of the Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan for Small Business Support, Regulation of Natural Monopolies, Protection of Competition and Support for Small Business. From 2002 to 2004, he served as the First Deputy Chairman of the Agency for Regulation of Natural Monopolies and Competition Protection.[3] On 29 September 2004, Sagintayev was reappointed as the chairman of the Agency for Regulation of Natural Monopolies of Kazakhstan.

On 11 December 2007, Sagintayev was appointed as the Head of the Prime Minister's Office. He served that position until 30 September 2008, when he became akim of Pavlodar Region.[4]

On 20 January 2012, Sagintayev was appointed as Minister of Economic Development and Trade.[5] On 24 September 2012, he became First Deputy Chairman of Nur Otan.[6] On 16 January 2013, Sagintayev was appointed as the First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Regional Development.[7]

Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2016–2019)Edit

On 8 September 2016, Sagintayev was nominated by President Nursultan Nazarbayev for the post of the Prime Minister. The following day, on 9 September, Sagintayev was confirmed by the Parliament.[8] On 28 September, while serving as PM, he was appointed as the chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC Samruk-Kazyna.[9]

In November 2016, Sagintayev drew attention to the number of reductions in pediatricians in the country. He supported Deputy PM Imangali Tasmagambetov's initiative to restore the faculties of pediatrics in Kazakh medical universities. Sagintayev also instructed to tighten control over the activities of veterinary services and ensure the entry of cattle burial grounds and anthrax burials in the information system of the State Land Cadastre.

In response to inflation, he sought to prevent the continuing rise of food prices for 2017. Despite the promises, the inflation in February of that year reached 7.1%. That same year, over 11 million square meters of housing were built.

Sagintayev slowly drew criticism from Nazarbayev in relation to his policies towards the self-employed population.[10] In October 2018, Sagintayev's cabinet was eventually threatened by Nazarbayev to the point of being replaced by Singaporean and Japanese politicians. On 30 January 2019, at an enlarged meeting of the government, Nazarbayev publicly slammed Sagintayev and his ministers as "cowards". On 4 February 2019, a fire erupted in an apartment in Astana, killing 5 children whom belonged to a single family.[11] This sparked fury and protests from the mothers who demanded proper housing, more kindergartens and financial support for families owning more than one child.[12] Sagintayev expressed his condolences to the tragedy and told his cabinet to be more stricter in fire safety inspection at homes to prevent incidents.[13]

Sagintayev continued to serve as the PM until 21 February 2019 when the government was dismissed due to lack of economic development.[14][15] He was replaced by Askar Mamin who was appointed as Acting PM until being confirmed by the Parliament on 25 February.[16]

Post-PremiershipEdit

On 1 March 2019, Sagintayev became the State Secretary of Kazakhstan.[17] He shortly served the position before becoming the head of the Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan on 24 March.[18]

Äkim of Almaty (2019–present)Edit

On 28 June 2019, Sagintayev was appointed as the akim of Almaty, outlining his goal in making the city a "safe, comfortable, modern metropolis where every Almaty citizen has the opportunity for a decent life."[19][20] He ordered the police to conduct an analysis of the criminal situation in the city, to intensify the fight against hooliganism and robbery, and to increase the number of surveillance cameras on the streets. In response with dealing in crimes, 32 police posts were installed, with 4 in each city district. The location of the posts were determined based on the incidents of offenses and crimes that occurred in the area.[21]

On 19 August, Sagintayev announced on his Instagram page about returning the previous speed limit on Al-Farabi Avenue from 60 km back to 80 km after many complains by citizens.[22]

On 29 August, he proposed planting at least a million new trees in Almaty and planned to actively work with the Government and Samruk Energy JSC to reduce emissions from stationary sources.[23]

On 27 November 2019, at the Almaty Investment Forum, Sagintayev stated the city should be at the top 100 best cities in the world in terms of quality of life and business opportunities, which he used San Francisco as an example.[24]

At the annual briefing of the Central Communications Service held on 7 December 2020, Sagintayev announced that the economic situation in the city is stabilized. He stated that Almaty retains the potential for rapid recovery in the post-epidemic period and that it remains an international center of investment activity.[25] In response to the fate of Almaty Light Rail, Sagintayev said that the project is underway and that it needs financial model for it to work.[26][27]

COVID-19Edit

Following the COVID-19 outbreak in Kazakhstan in March 2020, 27 roadblocks were installed to prevent citizens from traveling in or out of the city.[28] On 4 April 2020, Sagintayev approved the construction of an infectious disease hospital, which was opened on 24 April.[29][30] On 16 April, Sagintayev announced that mass gathering events, including sports, would be cancelled until 30 June.[31]

In May 2020, after the announcement of easing lockdowns nationwide, religious spaces and retailers began functioning in the city with quarantine measures. Roadblocks were lifted on 1 June 2020. Sagintayev–in turn–urged all Almaty residents to wear face coverings.[32] However, after an increase in COVID-19 cases, strict measures were taken with cut in working hours and government employees being instructed to switch to remote work.[33] By 2 September 2020, Sagintayev announced that the situation was stabilized. Telling Almaty citizens to adhere to the mask orders to prevent the rise of cases.[34] In October 2020, he warned of a possible 2nd wave of the coronavirus infections during a live interview on Almaty TV channel, stating that the city was prepared to deal with new cases if necessary.[35]

Following an increase of cases in the Almaty, Sagintayev announced in new restrictions being placed, noting that the city would not go under lockdown unless there would be a daily growth of more than 100–150 infected persons at the hospitals.[36][37]

RecognitionEdit

Sagintayev was awarded “Kurmet” order and anniversary medals.

Personal lifeEdit

He is an author of a number of scientific works, publications on state regulation of the natural monopolies, small and medium business development.

Sagintayev is married and has two children.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kazakhstan: le Premier ministre devient chef des services secrets - L'Orient-Le Jour". lorientlejour.com. Retrieved 2016-09-15.
  2. ^ "Kazakh Government Resigns After Nazarbaev Says They Must Go". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  3. ^ a b c "Сагинтаев Бакытжан Абдирович ▷ биография, фото, должность". kapital.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  4. ^ "Сагинтаев Бакытжан Абдирович (персональная справка)". Информационная система ПАРАГРАФ (in Kazakh). Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  5. ^ "Ерлан Арын назначен акимом Павлодарской области". Ақ Жайық (in Russian). 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  6. ^ "Бакытжан Сагинтаев назначен первым зампредом "Нур Отана" (доп.)". kaztag.kz (in Russian). 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  7. ^ INFORM.KZ (2013-01-16). "Kazakh President appoints Minister for Regional Development". www.inform.kz. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  8. ^ Reuters Staff (2016-09-09). "Kazakhstan's Nazarbayev names new PM in reshuffle of top posts". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  9. ^ "Samruk-Kazyna JSC Appoints Bakytzhan Sagintayev as Chairman of its Board of Directors". Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-07.
  10. ^ "В рамках реализации Послания Президента формализован статус самозанятых — Т. Дуйсенова". www.egemen.kz (in Russian). 2018-01-16. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  11. ^ Fire Kills Five Children In Astana, 2019-02-04, retrieved 2020-12-23
  12. ^ "Hundreds Of Mothers Protest In Astana After Five Girls Killed In House Fire". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 2020-02-06. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  13. ^ "Sagintayev expresses condolences after the tragedy in Astana and instructs to strengthen control over the quality of fire safety checks". government.kz. 2019-02-05. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  14. ^ "Kazakh president sacks government for economic failures". France 24. 2019-02-21. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  15. ^ "Kazakhstan: President tells government to step down | Eurasianet". eurasianet.org. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  16. ^ Reuters Staff (2019-02-25). "Kazakh president appoints Askar Mamin as prime minister". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  17. ^ INFORM.KZ (2019-03-01). "Bakytzhan Sagintayev appointed as Sec of State of Kazakhstan". www.inform.kz. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  18. ^ "Sagintayev appointed chief of staff of Kazakh President's office". vestnikkavkaza.net. 2019-03-25. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  19. ^ "Bakytzhan Sagintayev appointed akim of Almaty". www.government.kz. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  20. ^ "Сагинтаев пообещал сделать Алматы безопасным городом - Аналитический интернет-журнал Vласть". vlast.kz (in Russian). 2019-07-01. Retrieved 2021-05-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ INFORM.KZ (2019-08-26). "Новые стационарные пункты полиции появились в Алматы". www.inform.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  22. ^ INFORM.KZ (2019-08-19). "Принял два решения – Бакытжан Сагинтаев о скорости на аль-Фараби и велодорожках". www.inform.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  23. ^ INFORM.KZ (2019-08-29). "Посадить миллион деревьев в Алматы предложил Бакытжан Сагинтаев". www.inform.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  24. ^ Серикпаев, Дамир (2019-11-27). "Бакытжан Сагинтаев: Алматы должен равняться на Сан-Франциско". www.forbes.kz. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  25. ^ "Экономика Алматы стабилизирована - Бакытжан Сагинтаев". almaty.tv (in Russian). 2020-12-07. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  26. ^ "В Алматы для ЛРТ ещё ищут финансирование, а BRT продолжат строить только после общественных обсуждений". old.informburo.kz (in Russian). 2020-12-07. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  27. ^ Горбунова, Арина (2020-12-07). "Сагинтаев об LRT в Алматы: Самый главный вопрос - во сколько нам это обойдется". www.forbes.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  28. ^ Маулетбай, Серикжан (2020-03-17). "Бакытжан Сагинтаев сделал заявление в связи с введением карантина в Алматы". informburo.kz. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  29. ^ "В Алматы открыли инфекционную больницу, построенную за 18 дней". Liter.kz (in Russian). 2020-04-24. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  30. ^ "Бакытжан Сагинтаев дал старт строительству инфекционного госпиталя в Алматы". kzaif.kz. 2020-04-04. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  31. ^ "В Алматы до 30 июня отменены массовые мероприятия, в том числе спортивные". Prosports.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-05-21.
  32. ^ "Снятие блокпостов: что заработает в Алматы 1 июня". www.forbes.kz (in Russian). 2020-06-01. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  33. ^ "В Алматы из-за роста случаев заражения COVID-19 усилены карантинные меры". inbusiness.kz (in Russian). 2015-06-15. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  34. ^ INFORM.KZ (2020-09-02). "В Алматы ситуация по коронавирусу стабилизировалась". www.inform.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  35. ^ coronavirus2020.kz (2020-10-12). "Аким Алматы рассказал о подготовке к возможной второй волне коронавируса". www.coronavirus2020.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  36. ^ Satubaldina, Assel (2020-12-11). "Almaty Officials Introduce New Coronavirus Restrictions, Situation Stable". The Astana Times. Retrieved 2021-05-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  37. ^ "Новые ограничения в Алматы: время работы ЦОНов, авторынков и автомагазинов". www.dknews.kz. 2020-12-10. Retrieved 2021-05-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
2016–2019
Succeeded by