Baitadi District

Baitadi District (Nepali: बैतडी जिल्ला Listen ), historical name “Bairath” (बैराथ)[citation needed], a part of Sudurpashchim Province, is one of the 77 districts of Nepal. It is a Hill district. Baitadi, with Dasharathchand as its headquarters, covers an area of 1,519 km2 (586 sq mi) and has a population of 250,898 according to the census (2011).[1] The Baitadi district entails 56 village development councils (VDCs) and two municipality in the past. Now, by federal policy there are 10 local units; 4 Municipalities (Dashrath Chand, Patan, Melauli and Purchudi) and 6 Rural Municipalities ( Surnaya, Sigas, Shivnath, Pancheshwor, Dogada Kedar and Dilasaini). Baitadi falls into the farthest western regional district of Nepal touching Jhulaghat, India, Nepal's neighboring country, to its border.

Baitadi District
बैतडी
Location of Baitadi District
Location of Baitadi District
Country   Nepal
ProvinceSudurpashchim Province
Establishedpre 1962
Admin HQ.Dasharathchand
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Baitadi
Area
 • Total1,519 km2 (586 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total250,898
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Telephone Code095
Main Language(s)Baitadeli

HistoryEdit

Baitadi was part of Kumaon Kingdom until gorkha invasion of Kumaon in 1791,[2][3][4] the region once a part of the Great Katyuri's Kingdom. After the fall of that Kingdom, around the 10th century, Khas King Ashok Challa of Sapadalaksh (Karnali Zone or Dullu, Dailekh) seized most of that part of the Katyuri's Kingdom, including Baitadi. There were three major centres of Khas King i.e., (1) Bairath (Baitadi) (2) Kamadesh (kali kumaun) and (3) Kedarbhumi (Garhwal) to rule in a Central Himalaya.[5] According to the historical folk-tales in Baitadi it was one of the Chand Kings who fought with the Khas king and established a sovereign state for the Chand dynasty in Baitadi.[6] These tales resembled a historical story of the establishment of Kumaun Kingdom. One of the view of the historians of Uttarakhand, a state in India, Nepal's neighboring country, suggest that it was Thohar Chand who was responsible for establishing the Chand dynasty in Kali-Kumaun. He then changed his name to Abhai Chand after he became a King. Badri Dutt Pandey written history of Kumaun book has quoted the following story about the history of Kumaun.[2]

Gyan Chand (1376 A.D) was the first ruler of the Chand Dynasty of Champawat who was part of the third generation from Thohar Chand or Abhai Chand.[7] Gyan Chand's grandfather, Trilok Chand, and his father, Kalyan Chand, were rulers of Baitadi, according to the folk tales.[8]

Rulers:

The Name of the Kings who ruled in Baitadi were:[citation needed]

Gorkha kingdom annexed Kumaon in 1791[9][3] and merged baitadi in Doti District until 1885. Baitadi and Dadeldhura had same "Bada-Hakim" (District Administrators) so those two districts jointly used to call Baitadi-Dadeldhura district until 1956. The "Baitadi-Dadeldhura" district named Mahakali District after 1956. In 1956 four county (Thums) of Baitadi separated and made a sub-district of Mahakali district. From 1956 to 1962 "Mahakali district" had three sub-districts.[10][11][12]

  1. Dadeldhura
  2. Baitadi
  3. Chamba

In 1962, Darchula (Chamba) separated from Baitadi District.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census yearPop.±% p.a.
1981 179,136—    
1991 200,716+1.14%
2001 234,418+1.56%
2011 250,898+0.68%
2021 244,400−0.26%
Source: Citypopulation[13]

According to the 2011 census, Baitadi District has a population of 250,898, with an absentee population of 21,038, roughly equal to that of the nation of Vanuatu. Baitadi District has a sex ratio of 87:95 of which 133,491 are female.,[1] The largest ethnic group is Khas/Chhetri make 76% of total population. Bahun, Thakuri and sanyasi/giri makes 21% khas dalit make 3%. of total population.

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, 97.7% of the population in the district spoke Baitadeli, 1.0% Nepali and 0.8% Doteli as their first language.[14]

Language of Baitadi
language Percent
Baitadeli
97.7%
others
2.3%
Distribution of language

Geography and climateEdit

Climate Zone[15] Elevation range % of area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
13.1%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
71.2%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
15.7%

AdministrationEdit

The district is administered by District Coordination Committee (Legislative), District Administration Office (Executive) and District Court (Judicial) as follows:

Administration Name of units Head Website
Legislative District Coordination Committee ddcbaitadi.gov.np
Executive District Administration Office Mr. Anand Paudel daobaitadi.moha.gov.np
Judicial District Court Mr. Ishwari Prasad Bhandari supremecourt.gov.np/court/baitadidc

Administrative divisionsEdit

The district consists of ten municipalities, out of which four are urban municipalities and three are rural municipalities. These are as follows:[16]

Former Village Development CommitteesEdit

Prior to the restructuring of the district, Baitadi District consisted of the following municipalities and Village development committees:

 
Map of the VDC/s and Municipalities in Baitadi District

SportsEdit

Volleyball is the most popular sport in Baitadi. Besides, Cricket is equally popular. Baitadi has won many regional competitions; It is home to many eminent national players for the Nepal national cricket team.[citation needed]

CommunicationEdit

Saugaat FM 103.6 MHz,[17] Samsher, FM 106.6 MHz and Ninglashaini FM 94.0 MHz[18] are the radio stations of the Baitadi District. Radio Pura Sanchar 97.0 MHz is also in the Baitadi District.

AgricultureEdit

Corn and wheat are the main crops of this region, but millet, maize and rice are also grown for home use. Commercial farming is not popular in this region. Some fruits are grown and exported to the nearby headquarters Bhimdatta and Dhangadhi—particularly Mandarins, Oranges, Lemons, and sometimes Emblica. The latter is found both domesticated and growing wild in the forests. Sapindus or Soapnut is also grown and used for washing clothes as well a bodies. Sapindus is also exported to nearby towns.[citation needed]

Sites of interestEdit

The Gwallek Kedar sacred forest, situated wholly in Baitadi district, is considered the most important 'Kedar' - abode of Mahadev - of the four Kedars that lie along the Indo-Nepal border between western Nepal and Uttarakhand. As such, it is an important regional pilgrimage site.[19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b Jha, Hari Bansh (1993). The Terai Community and National Integration in Nepal. Centre for Economic & Technical Studies.
  3. ^ a b Atkinson, Edwin T. (Edwin Thomas), 1840-1890. (1990). Himalayan Gazetter. Cosmo. OCLC 183008777.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Alter, Andrew. Mountainous Sound Spaces : Listening to History and Music in the Uttarakhand Himalayas. ISBN 978-93-84463-06-9. OCLC 899733017.
  5. ^ A New History of Uttarakhand page 62
  6. ^ History of Doti Kingdom page 212
  7. ^ Chand Kings of Champawat : Dr. Madan Chandra Bhatt
  8. ^ History of Doti Kingdom : Bhoj Raj Bhattarai
  9. ^ "M. Gaborieau on 7 Bharats recorded in Nepal (1969)". Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  10. ^ "Government of Nepal Act 1948" (PDF).
  11. ^ "प्रशासकीय पुनर्गठन समिति (बुच कमिशन) को प्रतिवेदन, २००९" (PDF).
  12. ^ "नेपालको जिल्ला प्रशासन पुनर्गठनको रिपोर्ट, २०१३" (PDF).
  13. ^ "NEPAL: Administrative Division". www.citypopulation.de.
  14. ^ 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
  15. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal – a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  16. ^ "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  17. ^ "Saugaat, FM 103.6 MHz".
  18. ^ "Ninglashaini FM 94.0 MHz".
  19. ^ Pandey, Abhimanyu; Kotru, Rajan; Pradhan, Nawraj (2016). A Framework for the Assessment of Cultural Ecosystem Services of Sacred Natural Sites in the Hindu Kush Himalayas: Based on fieldwork in the Kailash Sacred Landscape regions of India and Nepal (PDF). Kathmandu: ICIMOD. pp. 36–42.

SourcesEdit

  • "Districts of Nepal". Statoids.
  • A New History Of Uttarakhand  : Dr. Y. S. Kathoch
  • History of Doti Kingdom  : Bhattarai
  • Spell Change amchour from amchoura by uttam chand

Coordinates: 29°31′04″N 80°28′01″E / 29.5179°N 80.467°E / 29.5179; 80.467