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Bairat (ancient Viratnagar) is a town in northern Jaipur district of Rajasthan, India. It is located 52 km north of Jaipur, and 66 km west of Alwar.

Bairat

Viratnagar
town
City of Bairat/Viratnagar as seen from Bairat Temple.
City of Bairat/Viratnagar as seen from Bairat Temple.
Bairat is located in India
Bairat
Bairat
Bairat is located in Rajasthan
Bairat
Bairat
Coordinates: 27°25′59″N 76°10′54″E / 27.433189°N 76.181591°E / 27.433189; 76.181591Coordinates: 27°25′59″N 76°10′54″E / 27.433189°N 76.181591°E / 27.433189; 76.181591
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
DistrictJaipur
Elevation
430 m (1,410 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total17,237
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN
Websitehttp://www.viratnagar.in

HistoryEdit

Bairat was a part of the Mauryan Empire. The ruins of the Bijak-ki-pahadi (Bairat Temple), a Buddhist Chaitya (chapel) from the 3rd century BCE located in Bairat, are the oldest free-standing Buddhist structures in India.[1] The town is also home to ruins of a Buddhist monastery,[2] a wood and timber shrine, and two rock-cut edicts (Bairat Edict and Bhabru Edict) from Emperor Ashoka; these date from the Mauryan period (circa 250 BCE). However, Akhnoor, a town in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is also considered by many as the ancient Virat Nagar.[3][4]

The town has a number of Mughal structures, including a Chhatri (cenotaph) with some of the earliest surviving murals in Rajasthan, and a lodge where the Mughal emperor Akbar hunted and stayed overnight on his yearly pilgrimage to Ajmer.[5]

The town's Viratnagar Museum houses artifacts from Bairat's long history, including sculptures, coins, pottery, seals and metal objects.

The town was once a thriving Buddhist center of learning and civilization as evidenced by the Buddhist stupa sites found on the hills close by.

The town is home to the 16th century[citation needed] Keshav Rai temple.

GeographyEdit

Bairat is located at 27°27′N 76°11′E / 27.45°N 76.18°E / 27.45; 76.18.[6] It has an average elevation of 430 m (1,410 ft).

The Banganga River originates from a nearby village, Mair.

Strange Stone formationsEdit

Bairat has some very strange and naturally formed rocks and boulders which resemble animals or human skulls. More research may be needed to determine if there is no human intervention in creating the same.

DemographicsEdit

Viratnagar is a Municipality city in district of Jaipur, Rajasthan. The Viratnagar city is divided into 20 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Viratnagar Municipality has population of 20,568 of which 10,797 are males while 9,771 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3505 which is 17.04 % of total population of Viratnagar (M). In Viratnagar Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 905 against state average of 928. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Viratnagar is around 830 compared to Rajasthan state average of 888. Literacy rate of Viratnagar city is 69.69 % higher than state average of 66.11 %. In Viratnagar, Male literacy is around 85.03 % while female literacy rate is 53.05 %.

Viratnagar Municipality has total administration over 3,300 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Viratnagar in archives & archaeology: India's perennial city, Sī. Ela Śarmā, Malti Prakashan, 1997
  2. ^ A Tryst with History at Viratnagar, Florine Roche, 3 December 2012, http://www.daijiworld.com/chan/exclusive_arch.asp?ex_id=1968
  3. ^ Brara, Sarita (10 August 2013). "Akhnoor: Caught in a time warp". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  4. ^ Official Web Site of Akhnoor Sub-Division (J&K)
  5. ^ The Early Rajput Murals of Bairat (c. AD 1587) H. Goetz, Ars Orientalis Vol. 1, (1954), pp. 113-118
  6. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bairat". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 5 June 2012.