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Baillif is a commune of Guadeloupe, an overseas region and department of France located in the Lesser Antilles. Baillif is a suburb of Basse-Terre, the prefecture and second largest urban area of Guadeloupe located on Basse-Terre Island (the western-half of Guadeloupe).

Baillif
The tower of Father Labat, an historic monument
The tower of Father Labat, an historic monument
Location of the commune (in red) within Guadeloupe
Location of the commune (in red) within Guadeloupe
Location of Baillif
Coordinates: 16°01′N 61°45′W / 16.02°N 61.75°W / 16.02; -61.75Coordinates: 16°01′N 61°45′W / 16.02°N 61.75°W / 16.02; -61.75
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentGuadeloupe
ArrondissementBasse-Terre
CantonVieux-Habitants
IntercommunalitySud Basse-Terre
Government
 • MayorMarie-Lucile Breslau
Area
1
24.30 km2 (9.38 sq mi)
Population
 (2007)
5,609
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Baillifien
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
INSEE/Postal code
97104 /97123
Elevation0–1,354 m (0–4,442 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants are called Baillifiens.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1637, Governor De L’Olive conceded a parcel of land to the Dominican friars, from the Fathers’ river to that of Baillif, and today these mark out the boundary of the town. Under the leadership of Father Labat, several fortresses were built in Baillif to protect the region from English invasion. The Dominicans came to preach the good news of Jesus.

 
The Airfield, as seen towards the sea. Runway 32

The commune is named after an early inhabitant, Robert Baillif. Baillif traded in the area from 1650 to about 1700. Today, Baillif is often considered to be a suburb of the prefecture of Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre, and with its small regional airfield, it acts as a gateway to the islands in the south. Marie-Lucile Breslau was elected (maire) mayor of Baillif.

GeographyEdit

Baillif is situated on the south-west coast of Basse-Terre Island and it covers an area of 24.3 km2 (9.4 sq mi). It faces the Caribbean Sea. The town is west of Basse-Terre's mountain range. The capital of Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre, is south of Baillif, and Vieux-Habitants, a village, is located north. La riviere de Père flows halfway between Baillif and Basse-Terre.

ClimateEdit

Like any other Eastern Caribbean settlement, Baillif experiences quite evenly spread rainfall during the year, with a wetter season between July and November which coincides with hurricane season. Guadeloupe has been struck by many hurricanes which have caused devastation. The town receives below 1500 mm of rainfall. Tropical heat is the norm, bringing constant highs of around 32 °C (89 °F) that drop to 20 °C (68 °F) at night.

Trade winds, called alizés, blow from the northeast and often temper the climate.

EconomyEdit

Baillif has mainly an agricultural sector a. Mixed crops such as bananas, cocoa and coffee are grown. They are shipped to the port or the airport to be transported. Baillif has an airport, Baillif Airport & the runway is 2,034 ft (620 m) and the International Civil Aviation Organization airport code is TFFB & the International Air Transport Association airport code is BBR.

Today, an industrial and commercial zone is under development, supplementing the Jarry zone.

SightsEdit

With its small regional airfield, it acts as a gateway to the islands in the south.

At the entry to the market town, there is a 4 m tower as evidence of this historical past called the “Père Labat Tower”.

Further while going towards Vieux-Habitants, is the “engraved rocks” of Plessis.

EducationEdit

Public preschools and primary schools include:[1]

  • Ecole primaire Saint-Robert
  • Ecole primaire Bourg 1 Baillif
  • Ecole maternelle Bourg Baillif

Public junior high schools include:[2]

  • Collège Jean Jaures

Also to seeEdit

La Parc national de la Guadeloupe is a magnificent tropical forest of almost 66 square miles (170 km²), which has been a designated National Park since 1989. It has lots of well marked hiking trails of varying degrees of difficulty. Its lush vegetation (over 3000 species of trees) provides shelter for an exotic wildlife, free from poisonous animals. With its waterfalls, cascades, basins, parks and different plantations...it reveals all its natural charm! It is located in the mountain range from Belle Hotesse to La Soufriere.

PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit