Bailey County, Texas

Bailey County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. It is in West Texas and its county seat is Muleshoe.[1]

Bailey County
The Bailey County Courthouse in Muleshoe
The Bailey County Courthouse in Muleshoe
Map of Texas highlighting Bailey County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°04′N 102°50′W / 34.07°N 102.83°W / 34.07; -102.83
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1919
Named forPeter James Bailey
SeatMuleshoe
Largest cityMuleshoe
Area
 • Total827 sq mi (2,140 km2)
 • Land827 sq mi (2,140 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (2 km2)  0.08%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total6,904
 • Density8.3/sq mi (3.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district19th
Websitewww.co.bailey.tx.us

As of the 2020 census, its population was 6,904.[2][3]

HistoryEdit

In 1876, the Texas Legislature established Bailey County from portions of Bexar County, naming it for Peter James Bailey, a defender of the Alamo. (See List of Texas county name etymologies.) The county organized in 1919.[4]

Bailey County history is highlighted in the Muleshoe Heritage Center located off U.S. Highways 70 and 64 in Muleshoe. The Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge was founded in 1935 and is the oldest such refuge in Texas.

Bailey County once was one of 30 prohibition or entirely dry counties in Texas, but is now a wet county.[5]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 827 sq mi (2,140 km2), of which 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2) (0.08%) is covered by water.[6]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19004
19103127,700.0%
192051765.7%
19305,186903.1%
19406,31821.8%
19507,59220.2%
19609,09019.7%
19708,487−6.6%
19808,168−3.8%
19907,064−13.5%
20006,594−6.7%
20107,1658.7%
20206,904−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1850–2010[8] 2010[9] 2020[10]

2020 censusEdit

Bailey County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[10] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,748 2,190 38.31% 31.72%
Black or African American alone (NH) 67 49 0.94% 0.71%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 16 24 0.22% 0.35%
Asian alone (NH) 23 8 0.32% 0.12%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 2 27 0.03% 0.39%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 29 66 0.40% 0.96%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,283 4,540 59.78% 65.76%
Total 7,165 6,904 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 CensusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, 7,165 people lived in the county. About 75.3% were White, 1.4% Native American, 1.2% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 19.6% of some other race, and 2.0% of two or more races; 59.8% were Hispanics or Latinos (of any race).

2000 CensusEdit

As of the census[11] of 2000, 6,594 people, 2,348 households, and 1,777 families lived in the county. The population density was eight people per square mile (3/km2). The 2,738 housing units averaged three per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 66.68% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 28.60% from other races, and 2.65% from two or more races; 47.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 2,348 households, 37.1% had children under living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were not families. About 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.78, and the average family size was 3.28.

In the county, the age distribution was 30.3% under 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,901, and for a family was $32,898. Males had a median income of $25,150 versus $18,309 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,979. About 13.50% of families and 16.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Most of Bailey County is served by the Muleshoe Independent School District, which extends into neighboring counties. Farwell Independent School District and Sudan Independent School District, which are based in nearby counties, extend into Bailey County and serve small portions of it.[12]

Three Way Independent School District formerly served a part of Bailey County.[13] It closed in 2002, becoming a part of Sudan ISD.[14]

The county is in the service area of South Plains College.[15]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Ghost townEdit

PoliticsEdit

United States presidential election results for Bailey County, Texas[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,434 77.10% 409 21.99% 17 0.91%
2016 1,344 74.96% 397 22.14% 52 2.90%
2012 1,339 73.73% 466 25.66% 11 0.61%
2008 1,618 69.86% 682 29.45% 16 0.69%
2004 1,882 78.03% 525 21.77% 5 0.21%
2000 1,589 76.03% 488 23.35% 13 0.62%
1996 1,246 60.31% 706 34.17% 114 5.52%
1992 1,308 55.31% 677 28.63% 380 16.07%
1988 1,459 62.27% 876 37.39% 8 0.34%
1984 1,888 73.01% 684 26.45% 14 0.54%
1980 1,809 68.14% 800 30.13% 46 1.73%
1976 1,255 47.77% 1,356 51.62% 16 0.61%
1972 1,837 79.70% 465 20.17% 3 0.13%
1968 1,174 45.90% 820 32.06% 564 22.05%
1964 1,056 41.22% 1,503 58.67% 3 0.12%
1960 1,180 51.96% 1,064 46.85% 27 1.19%
1956 871 40.49% 1,274 59.23% 6 0.28%
1952 1,118 51.71% 1,039 48.06% 5 0.23%
1948 234 16.12% 1,115 76.79% 103 7.09%
1944 358 24.55% 943 64.68% 157 10.77%
1940 330 23.62% 1,066 76.31% 1 0.07%
1936 191 19.23% 788 79.36% 14 1.41%
1932 104 10.86% 851 88.83% 3 0.31%
1928 410 74.28% 142 25.72% 0 0.00%
1924 63 25.20% 166 66.40% 21 8.40%


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Bailey County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  3. ^ "Bailey County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  4. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
  5. ^ "TABC Local Option Elections General Information". Tabc.state.tx.us. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  8. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Bailey County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Bailey County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Bailey County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - Text list
  13. ^ "School Districts in Bailey County". Texas Education Agency. March 11, 2001. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  14. ^ "Three Way folds into Sudan district". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. February 3, 2002. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  15. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.198. SOUTH PLAINS COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 19, 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°04′N 102°50′W / 34.07°N 102.83°W / 34.07; -102.83